Extended Phenotype

An extended phenotype includes all of the traits that an organism has that can influence its fitness; the extended phenotype can include structures that are constructed by an organism and things apart from its physical being. Extended phenotypes generally ARE NOT physically a part of the organism. Animal examples include the nests constructed by birds, the galls of flies, and a beaver's dam, and a plant example is the shade produced by a tree. These extended traits can also be selected on as they, while not connected to the organism's body, still give the organism more or less chance to survive and reproduce. For example, a more sturdy nest can provide better shelter for young birds. The idea of extended phenotypes was introduced by Richard Dawkins.


Three types of Extended Phenotypes

In his book, The Extended Phenotype, Dawkins discusses his take on three distinct types of EP. The first is what we all think of when we hear EP: the ability of an animal to construct architectural forms from its environment to aid in its overall fitness. An example might be the caddis house, which is constructed by a silk produced in the caddis' salivary gland. The silk has nothing to do with the phenotype of the caddis that might cause a mate to choose it, but the way the silk is used will ultimately play a deciding role.The ability of the caddis to create a tighter wrapped silk house or a more hidden placement of the silk house are all advantages that can cause increased fitness against predators and increase the likelihood of finding a mate.

The second type is what he called "parasite manipulation," meaning that parasites can manipulate the behaviors of their hosts to create a distinct advantage in their overall fitness. A good example is the zombie like behavior of ants caused by the infection of a type of fungus known as ophiocordyceps unilateralis. Once the fungus infects the ant it causes a chemical imbalance in the brain assuming complete control. The ant will first be forced to drop from the canopy and find specific conditions where it will clamp down on the underside of a leaf vain, known as the death grip, in conditions that are moist, humid, and relatively warm (perfect conditions for fungal growth). The mechanism by which the fungus is able to control the ants' behavior and to the extent that it does is unknown. Once the fungus has absorbed all the nutrients within the ant it will sprout a stalk from the ants head and disperse its spores. Still other types of fungus cause some insects to climb to higher parts of leaves and assume a sexual position so that when a mate arrives the mate will be infected as well, even though its sexual partner is dead.

Here is a link to a video about this parasitic fungus!

The third is a little more complicated to understand. It encompasses the idea that the behavioral phenotype of the host can be manipulated by the parasite even if it is not physically associated with the host. The example given by Dawkins are the chicks of cuckoo birds. Some species within this family of birds are considered brood parasites, meaning they lay their young in the nests of other birds; whether it is the same species or not. Some cuckoo birds have even developed a selective advantage of closely replicating the appearance of the host bird's eggs that they are "trying to fool." The cuckoo chicks are thought to have genetically acquired the instinct of throwing out the chick eggs of the host bird, as they will hatch much more quickly than the host's own chicks. The chicks will then begin a rapid begging call or continually have their mouth opened, both signal stimuli that they need feeding. This is the part that I think Dawkin is referring to when he says the parasite is altering the behavior of the host. Or it might even include the whole situation with the parasite being the mother cuckoo which lays the eggs, then becomes completely dissociated with the host. The fitness is increased for the cuckoo because the "new mother" is now forced to take care of the chicks because she thinks they are her own especially since her own were thrown out of the nest never to be born. Therefore, the host's behavioral phenotype is changed by the continual searching of food to feed "her" young.

Articles, Diagrams, and Videos

  • Here is a very good article that explains Extended Phenotype (Talk on Extended Phenotype begins around the 7th paragraph)
  • Here's a clear youtube video explaining further extended phenotypes.
  • Here is an in-depth article on extended phenotypes.
  • Here is a BBC documentary on Richard Dawkins and his research.



Comments

tvashi
Oct 19, 2013

I'm not entirely sure I get this concept.... So, for example extended phenotypes are the different types of bird nests birds build? Like a carpenter bird's nest versus a quail nest? What else would be classified as a part of the extended phenotype?

jnunez26
Oct 20, 2013

I think you might be looking at it the wrong way. I guess think of it within one species as apposed to multiple species. So if you have a female bird with two potential male mates; the 1st male having a one room one bath house and the 2nd male having a 3 story plantation, which do you think the female bird will choose. The first male didn't even think about putting in a nursery! The more appealing, the better built, or the more hidden the nest are all reasons for choosing a certain mate over another and none have to do with the appearance of the actual mate. Some guys might not look like a million bucks, but they sure know how take care of a family...so to speak. Hope this helps.

tvashi
Oct 24, 2013

Okay, so that makes sense in birds. So in monogamous predator species like wolves, the male that gives the female the bigger prey as a courting gift is selected for, making the extended phenotype the gift of larger prey?

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in alphabetical order... frameshift before gene flowjlri228jlri2282013-10-21 01:31:42+00:002013-10-21 01:31:42updated117allie633allie6332013-10-20 21:27:10+00:002013-10-20 21:27:10updated116achenachen2013-10-20 06:18:02+00:002013-10-20 06:18:02updated115Changed formating on each of the list headingswtownewtowne2013-10-20 04:46:35+00:002013-10-20 04:46:35updated114deerandeeran2013-10-20 04:36:20+00:002013-10-20 04:36:20updated113bhinton1bhinton12013-10-19 23:15:35+00:002013-10-19 23:15:35updated112ddphanddphan2013-10-19 19:25:15+00:002013-10-19 19:25:15updated111Added Linkddphanddphan2013-10-17 14:52:47+00:002013-10-17 14:52:47updated110edit 2: put "other random pages" section in alphabetical order jlri228jlri2282013-10-13 18:37:21+00:002013-10-13 18:37:21updated109jlri228jlri2282013-10-13 18:32:34+00:002013-10-13 18:32:34updated108first edit: put new pages in alphabetical orderjlri228jlri2282013-10-13 18:27:45+00:002013-10-13 18:27:45updated107bhinton1bhinton12013-10-13 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01:25:38+00:002013-09-02 01:25:38updated17added linkginasanginasan2013-09-02 01:17:36+00:002013-09-02 01:17:36updated16robertprobertp2013-09-01 19:22:15+00:002013-09-01 19:22:15updated15deerandeeran2013-08-31 20:03:41+00:002013-08-31 20:03:41updated14mia2016mia20162013-08-29 19:01:48+00:002013-08-29 19:01:48updated13fgkatzfgkatz2013-08-29 19:01:00+00:002013-08-29 19:01:00updated12fgkatzfgkatz2013-08-29 19:00:00+00:002013-08-29 19:00:00updated11fgkatzfgkatz2013-08-29 18:59:10+00:002013-08-29 18:59:10updated10fgkatzfgkatz2013-08-29 18:57:47+00:002013-08-29 18:57:47updated9fgkatzfgkatz2013-08-29 18:35:32+00:002013-08-29 18:35:32updated8fgkatzfgkatz2013-08-29 18:34:35+00:002013-08-29 18:34:35updated7lgcarterlgcarter2013-08-29 16:08:07+00:002013-08-29 16:08:07updated6Created Pageddphanddphan2013-08-28 01:50:51+00:002013-08-28 01:50:51updated5Added tag - wikiddphanddphan2013-08-28 01:44:43+00:002013-08-28 01:44:43addTag4Added tag - sand boxddphanddphan2013-08-28 01:44:41+00:002013-08-28 01:44:41addTag3Added tag - discussionddphanddphan2013-08-28 01:44:38+00:002013-08-28 01:44:38addTag2First createdddphanddphan2013-08-28 01:43:31+00:002013-08-28 01:43:31created1wiki2013-12-10T01:58:20+00:00groups/evol3000/wiki/54e13FalseWiki Pages/groups/evol3000/wiki/54e13/Wiki_Pages.htmlliishii159 updatesWiki Pages PLEASE READ: Commenting on the wiki pages do not count as participation credit on the wiki. The directions in the syllabus are clear on what does...Falseliishii2013-12-10T01:58:20+00:00added an exampleduggan91duggan912013-11-25 22:18:09+00:002013-11-25 22:18:09updated92souyang1souyang12013-11-25 05:00:00+00:002013-11-25 05:00:00updated91ashleyjwashleyjw2013-11-25 04:17:05+00:002013-11-25 04:17:05updated90mpattmpatt2013-11-25 04:10:42+00:002013-11-25 04:10:42updated89tabedintabedin2013-11-24 23:37:00+00:002013-11-24 23:37:00updated88edit 5: added video to "infecting a host section"jlri228jlri2282013-11-24 22:07:33+00:002013-11-24 22:07:33updated87edit4: made formatting changes and added a video on viral reassortment jlri228jlri2282013-11-24 22:04:13+00:002013-11-24 22:04:13updated86added articlekkogantikkoganti2013-11-24 17:45:38+00:002013-11-24 17:45:38updated85samponssampons2013-11-24 03:53:13+00:002013-11-24 03:53:13updated84deerandeeran2013-11-23 23:02:22+00:002013-11-23 23:02:22updated83tvashitvashi2013-11-23 04:25:36+00:002013-11-23 04:25:36updated82kde04kde042013-11-22 22:40:46+00:002013-11-22 22:40:46updated81kde04kde042013-11-22 22:39:59+00:002013-11-22 22:39:59updated80eyang13eyang132013-11-22 18:03:27+00:002013-11-22 18:03:27updated79eyang13eyang132013-11-22 18:03:11+00:002013-11-22 18:03:11updated78pjung24pjung242013-11-22 17:43:52+00:002013-11-22 17:43:52updated77pjung24pjung242013-11-22 17:38:38+00:002013-11-22 17:38:38updated76gloriaszgloriasz2013-11-22 17:37:21+00:002013-11-22 17:37:21updated75gloriaszgloriasz2013-11-22 17:36:24+00:002013-11-22 17:36:24updated74sydneyb9sydneyb92013-11-21 22:23:02+00:002013-11-21 22:23:02updated73re320re3202013-11-21 19:25:53+00:002013-11-21 19:25:53updated72bpcroftbpcroft2013-11-21 16:58:19+00:002013-11-21 16:58:19updated71bpcroftbpcroft2013-11-21 16:56:30+00:002013-11-21 16:56:30updated70tcard4tcard42013-11-21 15:20:30+00:002013-11-21 15:20:30updated69editing and improingbscurrybscurry2013-11-21 05:35:49+00:002013-11-21 05:35:49updated68kristy7kristy72013-11-21 01:02:26+00:002013-11-21 01:02:26updated67kncox14kncox142013-11-20 20:07:04+00:002013-11-20 20:07:04updated66kncox14kncox142013-11-20 20:05:26+00:002013-11-20 20:05:26updated65kncox14kncox142013-11-20 20:03:10+00:002013-11-20 20:03:10updated64kncox14kncox142013-11-20 19:59:28+00:002013-11-20 19:59:28updated63dmdauerdmdauer2013-11-20 19:58:35+00:002013-11-20 19:58:35updated62added an example of co-evolutionksuf615ksuf6152013-11-20 16:01:14+00:002013-11-20 16:01:14updated61formattingksuf615ksuf6152013-11-20 16:00:32+00:002013-11-20 16:00:32updated60added type of transmissionksuf615ksuf6152013-11-20 16:00:11+00:002013-11-20 16:00:11updated59tbrownetbrowne2013-11-20 03:28:19+00:002013-11-20 03:28:19updated58Nicole Hill- transmission picturenhill19nhill192013-11-19 00:59:47+00:002013-11-19 00:59:47updated57Nicole Hill- viral evolutionnhill19nhill192013-11-19 00:57:38+00:002013-11-19 00:57:38updated56bjenk07bjenk072013-11-18 22:35:01+00:002013-11-18 22:35:01updated55kevinmkkevinmk2013-11-18 22:33:41+00:002013-11-18 22:33:41updated54kevinmkkevinmk2013-11-18 22:26:49+00:002013-11-18 22:26:49updated53kevinmkkevinmk2013-11-18 22:24:06+00:002013-11-18 22:24:06updated52edited paragraph haliejhaliej2013-11-18 15:42:45+00:002013-11-18 15:42:45updated51edited and elongated sentencehaliejhaliej2013-11-18 15:41:32+00:002013-11-18 15:41:32updated50added crucial details on the trade off hypothesis. Took out wrong information. Corrected it.huangdevhuangdev2013-11-18 05:38:51+00:002013-11-18 05:38:51updated49samponssampons2013-11-18 05:31:41+00:002013-11-18 05:31:41updated48bpcroftbpcroft2013-11-18 04:58:03+00:002013-11-18 04:58:03updated47zaki007zaki0072013-11-18 04:55:37+00:002013-11-18 04:55:37updated46ebythekkebythekk2013-11-18 04:16:14+00:002013-11-18 04:16:14updated45jlri228jlri2282013-11-18 04:05:35+00:002013-11-18 04:05:35updated44edit10: more page formatting... moved "types of transmission section"jlri228jlri2282013-11-18 04:05:03+00:002013-11-18 04:05:03updated43kdsouza9kdsouza92013-11-18 04:04:49+00:002013-11-18 04:04:49updated42edit 9: added headers, outlined in blue, rearranged the page in a logical order... reworded some of the content jlri228jlri2282013-11-18 04:01:07+00:002013-11-18 04:01:07updated41ginasanginasan2013-11-18 03:37:17+00:002013-11-18 03:37:17updated40mayabasumayabasu2013-11-18 03:31:22+00:002013-11-18 03:31:22updated39melissa4melissa42013-11-18 03:22:12+00:002013-11-18 03:22:12updated38added extra info about self-containing diseasesbscurrybscurry2013-11-18 03:18:20+00:002013-11-18 03:18:20updated37jsafkojsafko2013-11-18 03:08:38+00:002013-11-18 03:08:38updated36abarton6abarton62013-11-18 01:42:16+00:002013-11-18 01:42:16updated35alomasalomas2013-11-17 23:38:56+00:002013-11-17 23:38:56updated34Contentrbaskin1rbaskin12013-11-17 21:08:09+00:002013-11-17 21:08:09updated33rbaskin1rbaskin12013-11-17 21:07:24+00:002013-11-17 21:07:24updated32Added tag - virulencedmdauerdmdauer2013-11-17 21:06:34+00:002013-11-17 21:06:34addTag31Removed tag - evolutiondmdauerdmdauer2013-11-17 21:06:24+00:002013-11-17 21:06:24removeTag30Added tag - virus evolutiondmdauerdmdauer2013-11-17 21:06:22+00:002013-11-17 21:06:22addTag29dmdauerdmdauer2013-11-17 20:19:02+00:002013-11-17 20:19:02updated28rachel08rachel082013-11-17 18:47:54+00:002013-11-17 18:47:54updated27added a diagramduggan91duggan912013-11-17 14:25:10+00:002013-11-17 14:25:10updated26added cycles of virusduggan91duggan912013-11-17 14:19:13+00:002013-11-17 14:19:13updated25pjung24pjung242013-11-16 20:16:54+00:002013-11-16 20:16:54updated24pjung24pjung242013-11-16 20:15:54+00:002013-11-16 20:15:54updated23pjung24pjung242013-11-16 20:15:13+00:002013-11-16 20:15:13updated22gloriaszgloriasz2013-11-16 14:44:03+00:002013-11-16 14:44:03updated21gloriaszgloriasz2013-11-16 14:43:29+00:002013-11-16 14:43:29updated20gloriaszgloriasz2013-11-16 04:25:39+00:002013-11-16 04:25:39updated19edit3: added the Videos, articles and diagrams hedding... also linked in and explaind two yuotube videosjlri228jlri2282013-11-15 04:16:12+00:002013-11-15 04:16:12updated18kristy7kristy72013-11-14 23:34:04+00:002013-11-14 23:34:04updated17eliminated unnecessary bullet pointddphanddphan2013-11-14 21:28:35+00:002013-11-14 21:28:35updated16Added tag - hotabutchabutch2013-11-14 21:26:06+00:002013-11-14 21:26:06addTag15Added tag - evolutionabutchabutch2013-11-14 21:25:36+00:002013-11-14 21:25:36addTag14abutchabutch2013-11-14 21:01:55+00:002013-11-14 21:01:55updated13abutchabutch2013-11-14 20:58:35+00:002013-11-14 20:58:35updated12abutchabutch2013-11-14 20:47:44+00:002013-11-14 20:47:44updated11alomasalomas2013-11-13 18:34:01+00:002013-11-13 18:34:01updated10mia2016mia20162013-11-13 17:50:07+00:002013-11-13 17:50:07updated9Nicole Hill- hiv viral evolutionnhill19nhill192013-11-13 15:57:54+00:002013-11-13 15:57:54updated8Added an additional point of how growth rate corresponds to virulence within the point on More Virulent Pathogensagdeleoagdeleo2013-11-13 14:45:57+00:002013-11-13 14:45:57updated7kdv11kdv112013-11-13 13:42:02+00:002013-11-13 13:42:02updated6reemap26reemap262013-11-13 00:56:38+00:002013-11-13 00:56:38updated5khall12khall122013-11-13 00:15:24+00:002013-11-13 00:15:24updated4tvashitvashi2013-11-12 22:29:16+00:002013-11-12 22:29:16updated3abutchabutch2013-11-12 19:28:35+00:002013-11-12 19:28:35updated2First createdabutchabutch2013-11-12 19:18:06+00:002013-11-12 19:18:06created1wiki2013-11-25T22:18:09+00:00groups/evol3000/wiki/fbefaFalseViral Evolution/groups/evol3000/wiki/fbefa/Viral_Evolution.htmlduggan9192 updatesViral Evolution Origins of Viruses/ Viral Transmission Virus Origins: There is a lot of debate on this topic, but scientists have developed a few prop...Falseduggan912013-11-25T22:18:09+00:00mayabasumayabasu2013-11-25 03:26:27+00:002013-11-25 03:26:27updated224dmdauerdmdauer2013-11-25 01:08:29+00:002013-11-25 01:08:29updated223added a linkralbrechralbrech2013-11-25 00:06:17+00:002013-11-25 00:06:17updated222enanovenanov2013-11-18 04:30:22+00:002013-11-18 04:30:22updated221kdsouza9kdsouza92013-11-18 04:01:48+00:002013-11-18 04:01:48updated220article about sexual selectiongagirl11bgagirl11b2013-11-18 03:45:26+00:002013-11-18 03:45:26updated219fixed my own typokkogantikkoganti2013-11-18 02:46:23+00:002013-11-18 02:46:23updated218added article on sperm cooperationkkogantikkoganti2013-11-18 02:42:47+00:002013-11-18 02:42:47updated217nikra91nikra912013-11-18 02:39:04+00:002013-11-18 02:39:04updated216added article on sperm cooperationkkogantikkoganti2013-11-18 02:37:49+00:002013-11-18 02:37:49updated215deerandeeran2013-11-18 02:26:46+00:002013-11-18 02:26:46updated214talathitalathi2013-11-18 00:21:32+00:002013-11-18 00:21:32updated213rachel08rachel082013-11-17 18:29:28+00:002013-11-17 18:29:28updated212deerandeeran2013-11-17 04:00:15+00:002013-11-17 04:00:15updated211formattingjlri228jlri2282013-11-15 04:03:58+00:002013-11-15 04:03:58updated210haislerkhaislerk2013-11-14 22:12:35+00:002013-11-14 22:12:35updated209bevinbbevinb2013-11-13 18:55:52+00:002013-11-13 18:55:52updated208added description to the video somebody posted on sexual selection in human dating scenegregbgregb2013-11-11 05:47:02+00:002013-11-11 05:47:02updated207added info to 2duggan91duggan912013-11-11 05:02:26+00:002013-11-11 05:02:26updated206mayabasumayabasu2013-11-11 04:25:58+00:002013-11-11 04:25:58updated205achenachen2013-11-11 02:01:42+00:002013-11-11 02:01:42updated204ashleyjwashleyjw2013-11-11 00:54:06+00:002013-11-11 00:54:06updated203jsafkojsafko2013-11-11 00:13:19+00:002013-11-11 00:13:19updated202khall12khall122013-11-10 00:31:41+00:002013-11-10 00:31:41updated201corrected a typo physical ---> psycologicaladwomackadwomack2013-11-10 00:02:21+00:002013-11-10 00:02:21updated200added to human sexual selection on the psychological parts of sexual selectionedawg16edawg162013-11-09 23:18:24+00:002013-11-09 23:18:24updated199gloriaszgloriasz2013-11-09 14:19:55+00:002013-11-09 14:19:55updated198gloriaszgloriasz2013-11-09 14:19:03+00:002013-11-09 14:19:03updated197gloriaszgloriasz2013-11-07 19:10:16+00:002013-11-07 19:10:16updated196gloriaszgloriasz2013-11-07 19:09:38+00:002013-11-07 19:09:38updated195tvashitvashi2013-11-07 16:00:27+00:002013-11-07 16:00:27updated194mendyhmendyh2013-11-06 17:44:49+00:002013-11-06 17:44:49updated193added nuptual giftsbennywbennyw2013-11-06 03:47:43+00:002013-11-06 03:47:43updated192organization, deleted redundant titleddphanddphan2013-11-05 16:30:14+00:002013-11-05 16:30:14updated191edwards9edwards92013-11-04 04:19:18+00:002013-11-04 04:19:18updated190amanqua3amanqua32013-11-04 03:25:29+00:002013-11-04 03:25:29updated189samponssampons2013-11-04 03:22:57+00:002013-11-04 03:22:57updated188amanqua3amanqua32013-11-04 03:21:23+00:002013-11-04 03:21:23updated187grammarjsafkojsafko2013-11-04 02:48:38+00:002013-11-04 02:48:38updated186added a link about recent evolution has caused women to prefer the Beta males over the Alpha malescolby22colby222013-11-04 02:09:42+00:002013-11-04 02:09:42updated185kde04kde042013-10-31 10:40:40+00:002013-10-31 10:40:40updated184alhill9alhill92013-10-31 06:55:28+00:002013-10-31 06:55:28updated183kncox14kncox142013-10-31 03:32:47+00:002013-10-31 03:32:47updated182manuelabmanuelab2013-10-30 23:39:37+00:002013-10-30 23:39:37updated181bjenk07bjenk072013-10-30 21:48:03+00:002013-10-30 21:48:03updated180bjenk07bjenk072013-10-30 21:41:53+00:002013-10-30 21:41:53updated179bjenk07bjenk072013-10-30 21:38:17+00:002013-10-30 21:38:17updated178kevinmkkevinmk2013-10-30 21:35:56+00:002013-10-30 21:35:56updated177kevinmkkevinmk2013-10-30 21:32:56+00:002013-10-30 21:32:56updated176kevinmkkevinmk2013-10-30 21:32:44+00:002013-10-30 21:32:44updated175mbailey1mbailey12013-10-29 23:36:45+00:002013-10-29 23:36:45updated174mbailey1mbailey12013-10-29 23:29:04+00:002013-10-29 23:29:04updated173sydneyb9sydneyb92013-10-29 22:38:04+00:002013-10-29 22:38:04updated172Nicole Hill- Sexual selection/conflictnhill19nhill192013-10-29 16:07:17+00:002013-10-29 16:07:17updated171tbrownetbrowne2013-10-28 22:49:29+00:002013-10-28 22:49:29updated170tbrownetbrowne2013-10-28 22:47:07+00:002013-10-28 22:47:07updated169tbrownetbrowne2013-10-28 22:42:24+00:002013-10-28 22:42:24updated168tbrownetbrowne2013-10-28 22:38:54+00:002013-10-28 22:38:54updated167tbrownetbrowne2013-10-28 22:38:14+00:002013-10-28 22:38:14updated166tbrownetbrowne2013-10-28 22:37:21+00:002013-10-28 22:37:21updated165charleebcharleeb2013-10-28 18:35:46+00:002013-10-28 18:35:46updated164tgetztgetz2013-10-28 03:29:40+00:002013-10-28 03:29:40updated163tgetztgetz2013-10-28 03:27:34+00:002013-10-28 03:27:34updated162ebythekkebythekk2013-10-28 03:20:30+00:002013-10-28 03:20:30updated161achenachen2013-10-28 02:28:29+00:002013-10-28 02:28:29updated160kkogantikkoganti2013-10-28 01:51:33+00:002013-10-28 01:51:33updated159Edited section about "why is sex bad" and added explanation of two fold costjkabacijkabaci2013-10-27 23:27:29+00:002013-10-27 23:27:29updated158dmdauerdmdauer2013-10-27 23:04:00+00:002013-10-27 23:04:00updated157edit 3: added an outline for the handout jlri228jlri2282013-10-27 22:49:18+00:002013-10-27 22:49:18updated156edit 2: added handout and paragraph about sexual conflict in guppies jlri228jlri2282013-10-27 22:45:59+00:002013-10-27 22:45:59updated155edit 1: removed mislabeled content and kept formatting the same by making a title bluejlri228jlri2282013-10-27 22:16:04+00:002013-10-27 22:16:04updated154abarton6abarton62013-10-27 21:56:19+00:002013-10-27 21:56:19updated153tchishomtchishom2013-10-27 21:46:05+00:002013-10-27 21:46:05updated152rachel08rachel082013-10-27 21:23:35+00:002013-10-27 21:23:35updated151rachel08rachel082013-10-27 21:21:16+00:002013-10-27 21:21:16updated150jsafkojsafko2013-10-27 21:18:23+00:002013-10-27 21:18:23updated149wording of def for human sex selectionjnunez26jnunez262013-10-27 20:53:20+00:002013-10-27 20:53:20updated148dottie94dottie942013-10-27 17:24:40+00:002013-10-27 17:24:40updated147alhill9alhill92013-10-27 14:22:03+00:002013-10-27 14:22:03updated146shree7shree72013-10-26 21:47:37+00:002013-10-26 21:47:37updated145shree7shree72013-10-26 21:38:58+00:002013-10-26 21:38:58updated144chersh93chersh932013-10-26 17:52:15+00:002013-10-26 17:52:15updated143Added tag - hotpjung24pjung242013-10-26 17:49:06+00:002013-10-26 17:49:06addTag142Removed tag - hotpjung24pjung242013-10-26 17:49:04+00:002013-10-26 17:49:04removeTag141pjung24pjung242013-10-26 04:10:18+00:002013-10-26 04:10:18updated140pjung24pjung242013-10-26 04:07:44+00:002013-10-26 04:07:44updated139tvashitvashi2013-10-26 00:37:32+00:002013-10-26 00:37:32updated138kehoekkehoek2013-10-25 19:46:19+00:002013-10-25 19:46:19updated137kristy7kristy72013-10-25 18:49:50+00:002013-10-25 18:49:50updated136grammarspenc90spenc902013-10-25 16:22:38+00:002013-10-25 16:22:38updated135tcard4tcard42013-10-25 01:52:43+00:002013-10-25 01:52:43updated134pgriff10pgriff102013-10-25 01:14:54+00:002013-10-25 01:14:54updated133gloriaszgloriasz2013-10-25 00:41:16+00:002013-10-25 00:41:16updated132achenachen2013-10-24 21:40:38+00:002013-10-24 21:40:38updated131mia2016mia20162013-10-24 20:28:56+00:002013-10-24 20:28:56updated130ekeatingekeating2013-10-24 19:38:28+00:002013-10-24 19:38:28updated129xjwork17xjwork172013-10-24 15:00:00+00:002013-10-24 15:00:00updated128nkamnkam2013-10-23 15:20:45+00:002013-10-23 15:20:45updated127added a link about sexual seleciton and human sexual selectiongagirl11bgagirl11b2013-10-23 14:19:17+00:002013-10-23 14:19:17updated126tcard4tcard42013-10-22 17:19:41+00:002013-10-22 17:19:41updated125rtalleyrtalley2013-10-22 15:26:58+00:002013-10-22 15:26:58updated124rtalleyrtalley2013-10-22 15:25:32+00:002013-10-22 15:25:32updated123haislerkhaislerk2013-10-22 15:15:20+00:002013-10-22 15:15:20updated122haislerkhaislerk2013-10-22 15:14:49+00:002013-10-22 15:14:49updated121haislerkhaislerk2013-10-22 15:12:14+00:002013-10-22 15:12:14updated120haislerkhaislerk2013-10-22 15:09:22+00:002013-10-22 15:09:22updated119mbelyakombelyako2013-10-21 23:34:18+00:002013-10-21 23:34:18updated118Nicole Hill-Sexual section imagenhill19nhill192013-10-21 21:24:41+00:002013-10-21 21:24:41updated117ashleydgashleydg2013-10-21 03:25:30+00:002013-10-21 03:25:30updated116ashleydgashleydg2013-10-21 03:10:58+00:002013-10-21 03:10:58updated115ashleydgashleydg2013-10-21 03:10:24+00:002013-10-21 03:10:24updated114edited articlejsafkojsafko2013-10-21 02:54:30+00:002013-10-21 02:54:30updated113zaki007zaki0072013-10-21 02:11:44+00:002013-10-21 02:11:44updated112edit 5: added clarifying remarks to paragraphjlri228jlri2282013-10-21 01:21:06+00:002013-10-21 01:21:06updated111Edit4:added section on Darkling Beetles jlri228jlri2282013-10-21 01:19:21+00:002013-10-21 01:19:21updated110edit 3:having issues getting the edits to save... maybe someone is undoing them? But I reorder and color coded the pagejlri228jlri2282013-10-21 00:53:54+00:002013-10-21 00:53:54updated109edit 2: changes to page layout and reordered the sections of page... jlri228jlri2282013-10-21 00:51:06+00:002013-10-21 00:51:06updated108proofreadingbscurrybscurry2013-10-21 00:51:06+00:002013-10-21 00:51:06updated107edit 1: major organizational changes to title, flow and order of contentjlri228jlri2282013-10-21 00:43:28+00:002013-10-21 00:43:28updated106mayabasumayabasu2013-10-21 00:38:36+00:002013-10-21 00:38:36updated105Added article about human sexual selectionjkabacijkabaci2013-10-20 23:49:22+00:002013-10-20 23:49:22updated104jkabacijkabaci2013-10-20 23:48:55+00:002013-10-20 23:48:55updated103tgetztgetz2013-10-20 23:21:16+00:002013-10-20 23:21:16updated102typo, article additionkkogantikkoganti2013-10-20 22:10:46+00:002013-10-20 22:10:46updated101rachel08rachel082013-10-20 21:37:20+00:002013-10-20 21:37:20updated100rachel08rachel082013-10-20 21:36:35+00:002013-10-20 21:36:35updated99added budding hydra photohaliejhaliej2013-10-18 18:18:38+00:002013-10-18 18:18:38updated98rewording and grammarhaliejhaliej2013-10-18 18:16:37+00:002013-10-18 18:16:37updated97chersh93chersh932013-10-18 16:19:29+00:002013-10-18 16:19:29updated96gloriaszgloriasz2013-10-18 13:16:41+00:002013-10-18 13:16:41updated95gloriaszgloriasz2013-10-18 13:15:17+00:002013-10-18 13:15:17updated94gloriaszgloriasz2013-10-18 13:15:03+00:002013-10-18 13:15:03updated93tcard4tcard42013-10-18 02:58:18+00:002013-10-18 02:58:18updated92tbrownetbrowne2013-10-17 20:33:56+00:002013-10-17 20:33:56updated91eyang13eyang132013-10-17 01:26:09+00:002013-10-17 01:26:09updated90abutchabutch2013-10-16 21:34:28+00:002013-10-16 21:34:28updated89najjar22najjar222013-10-16 19:24:58+00:002013-10-16 19:24:58updated88mendyhmendyh2013-10-15 01:29:57+00:002013-10-15 01:29:57updated87henkhenk2013-10-14 19:09:35+00:002013-10-14 19:09:35updated86Nicole Hill- Sexual Selection nhill19nhill192013-10-14 15:52:29+00:002013-10-14 15:52:29updated85karlin14karlin142013-10-14 15:33:23+00:002013-10-14 15:33:23updated84add video of praying mantisduggan91duggan912013-10-14 14:42:34+00:002013-10-14 14:42:34updated83tbrownetbrowne2013-10-14 04:53:36+00:002013-10-14 04:53:36updated82I took out bullet points in two sections and made them into paragraphswtownewtowne2013-10-14 03:50:38+00:002013-10-14 03:50:38updated81jnunez26jnunez262013-10-14 03:47:53+00:002013-10-14 03:47:53updated80added explanation of behavioral intersexual selectionjnunez26jnunez262013-10-14 03:42:14+00:002013-10-14 03:42:14updated79enanovenanov2013-10-14 03:34:16+00:002013-10-14 03:34:16updated78glynchglynch2013-10-14 03:08:05+00:002013-10-14 03:08:05updated77mreutermreuter2013-10-13 15:20:02+00:002013-10-13 15:20:02updated76tabedintabedin2013-10-13 01:33:19+00:002013-10-13 01:33:19updated75gloriaszgloriasz2013-10-12 13:06:48+00:002013-10-12 13:06:48updated74gloriaszgloriasz2013-10-12 13:06:23+00:002013-10-12 13:06:23updated73sydneyb9sydneyb92013-10-10 20:12:10+00:002013-10-10 20:12:10updated72reemap26reemap262013-10-10 20:11:30+00:002013-10-10 20:11:30updated71sydneyb9sydneyb92013-10-10 20:11:17+00:002013-10-10 20:11:17updated70eyang13eyang132013-10-10 14:46:22+00:002013-10-10 14:46:22updated69tcard4tcard42013-10-09 17:55:08+00:002013-10-09 17:55:08updated68leeshahkimLeeshah Kim2013-10-09 12:32:11+00:002013-10-09 12:32:11updated67leeshahkimLeeshah Kim2013-10-09 12:30:49+00:002013-10-09 12:30:49updated66achenachen2013-10-09 04:20:44+00:002013-10-09 04:20:44updated65kristy7kristy72013-10-09 00:27:36+00:002013-10-09 00:27:36updated64kristy7kristy72013-10-09 00:26:41+00:002013-10-09 00:26:41updated63ahakimahakim2013-10-07 03:40:11+00:002013-10-07 03:40:11updated62abarton6abarton62013-10-07 02:19:58+00:002013-10-07 02:19:58updated61edwards9edwards92013-10-07 02:16:24+00:002013-10-07 02:16:24updated60Sexual Coercion linkbennywbennyw2013-10-07 01:04:26+00:002013-10-07 01:04:26updated59Added link and formatting for Traumatic Inseminationbennywbennyw2013-10-07 01:02:54+00:002013-10-07 01:02:54updated58Grammatical errors under selective selection and added bullets to intrasexual selection instead of dashes to match selective selection layout.jnunez26jnunez262013-10-07 00:57:35+00:002013-10-07 00:57:35updated57nikra91nikra912013-10-06 23:55:35+00:002013-10-06 23:55:35updated56Rearranged and made small word revisionslauren91lauren912013-10-06 23:50:04+00:002013-10-06 23:50:04updated55kde04kde042013-10-06 19:44:05+00:002013-10-06 19:44:05updated54xjwork17xjwork172013-10-06 18:49:35+00:002013-10-06 18:49:35updated53Added the link at the bottom describing sexual selection in ducksmanikmanik2013-10-06 18:03:03+00:002013-10-06 18:03:03updated52mbelyakombelyako2013-10-06 01:56:41+00:002013-10-06 01:56:41updated51tvashitvashi2013-10-05 15:04:51+00:002013-10-05 15:04:51updated50samponssampons2013-10-05 06:10:31+00:002013-10-05 06:10:31updated49shree7shree72013-10-04 20:55:34+00:002013-10-04 20:55:34updated48kehoekkehoek2013-10-04 20:51:04+00:002013-10-04 20:51:04updated47ybonillaybonilla2013-10-04 19:52:22+00:002013-10-04 19:52:22updated46gloriaszgloriasz2013-10-04 15:45:14+00:002013-10-04 15:45:14updated45gloriaszgloriasz2013-10-04 15:40:30+00:002013-10-04 15:40:30updated44Organizationddphanddphan2013-10-03 15:13:06+00:002013-10-03 15:13:06updated43Added tag - hotachenachen2013-10-03 15:13:03+00:002013-10-03 15:13:03addTag42achenachen2013-10-02 20:33:06+00:002013-10-02 20:33:06updated41melissa4melissa42013-09-28 07:23:36+00:002013-09-28 07:23:36updated40Added tag - sexual selectionahakimahakim2013-09-26 21:00:24+00:002013-09-26 21:00:24addTag39Removed tag - intersexualahakimahakim2013-09-26 21:00:10+00:002013-09-26 21:00:10removeTag38Added tag - lek matingahakimahakim2013-09-26 20:58:29+00:002013-09-26 20:58:29addTag37Added tag - mating systemsahakimahakim2013-09-26 20:58:15+00:002013-09-26 20:58:15addTag36Added tag - sexual conflictahakimahakim2013-09-26 20:58:03+00:002013-09-26 20:58:03addTag35Added tag - intersexualahakimahakim2013-09-26 20:57:46+00:002013-09-26 20:57:46addTag34Added tag - reproductionahakimahakim2013-09-26 20:57:35+00:002013-09-26 20:57:35addTag33ahakimahakim2013-09-26 20:54:12+00:002013-09-26 20:54:12updated32Added new section on Leksmbelyakombelyako2013-09-26 01:28:39+00:002013-09-26 01:28:39updated31kevinmkkevinmk2013-09-23 13:10:19+00:002013-09-23 13:10:19updated30ebythekkebythekk2013-09-23 00:40:08+00:002013-09-23 00:40:08updated29csharmacsharma2013-09-19 20:26:51+00:002013-09-19 20:26:51updated28mbelyakombelyako2013-09-19 17:21:52+00:002013-09-19 17:21:52updated27mbelyakombelyako2013-09-19 17:18:57+00:002013-09-19 17:18:57updated26Added a new section: reproductive strategiesmbelyakombelyako2013-09-19 17:18:40+00:002013-09-19 17:18:40updated25Added more information on the benefits of asexual reproduction and sexual reproductionmbelyakombelyako2013-09-19 17:11:36+00:002013-09-19 17:11:36updated24ekeatingekeating2013-09-17 20:04:20+00:002013-09-17 20:04:20updated23Added tag - selectionearly312early3122013-09-17 15:05:43+00:002013-09-17 15:05:43addTag22early312early3122013-09-16 16:25:50+00:002013-09-16 16:25:50updated21henkhenk2013-09-16 14:56:31+00:002013-09-16 14:56:31updated20kdv11kdv112013-09-16 12:56:55+00:002013-09-16 12:56:55updated19dragonfly example addedduggan91duggan912013-09-16 05:26:47+00:002013-09-16 05:26:47updated18skanman3skanman32013-09-15 21:27:08+00:002013-09-15 21:27:08updated17rwstrongrwstrong2013-09-15 21:07:40+00:002013-09-15 21:07:40updated16smarte18smarte182013-09-15 21:05:21+00:002013-09-15 21:05:21updated15smarte18smarte182013-09-15 20:55:26+00:002013-09-15 20:55:26updated14corrected spelling and formatted pagejlri228jlri2282013-09-15 20:45:08+00:002013-09-15 20:45:08updated13jlri228jlri2282013-09-15 20:43:20+00:002013-09-15 20:43:20updated12For my second post for the week, I outlined a few types of sexual conflict and embedded youtube videos to explain the corresponding types of sexual conflict jlri228jlri2282013-09-15 20:41:56+00:002013-09-15 20:41:56updated11jlri228jlri2282013-09-15 20:25:03+00:002013-09-15 20:25:03updated10added links to outside sources to further explain sexual conflict jlri228jlri2282013-09-15 20:24:31+00:002013-09-15 20:24:31updated9added a paragraph on sexual conflictjlri228jlri2282013-09-15 20:21:03+00:002013-09-15 20:21:03updated8Added a few words in sexual reproduction to make sense pkyungpkyung2013-09-15 03:53:42+00:002013-09-15 03:53:42updated7Introduced topic of comparing sexual to asexual selectionmbelyakombelyako2013-09-15 03:30:30+00:002013-09-15 03:30:30updated6asian108asian1082013-09-14 03:29:23+00:002013-09-14 03:29:23updated5kevinmkkevinmk2013-09-14 02:04:59+00:002013-09-14 02:04:59updated4bjenk07bjenk072013-09-14 02:02:49+00:002013-09-14 02:02:49updated3naa92naa922013-09-14 01:17:00+00:002013-09-14 01:17:00updated2First creatednaa92naa922013-09-14 01:12:48+00:002013-09-14 01:12:48created1wiki2013-11-25T03:26:27+00:00groups/evol3000/wiki/543e6FalseSexual Selection/Conflict/groups/evol3000/wiki/543e6/Sexual_SelectionConflict.htmlmayabasu224 updatesSexual Selection/Conflict Sexual selection is a mode of selection that operates on an organism's ability to obtain a mate. Sexual selection allows some individuals to out com...Falsemayabasu2013-11-25T03:26:27+00:00Repairing bad index entrymayabasumayabasu2015-01-22 13:55:44+00:002015-01-22 13:55:44updated144Repairing bad index entrymayabasumayabasu2015-01-22 13:28:23+00:002015-01-22 13:28:23updated143mayabasumayabasu2013-11-25 03:23:57+00:002013-11-25 03:23:57updated142Linked "slot limits"rbaskin1rbaskin12013-11-25 03:19:05+00:002013-11-25 03:19:05updated141grammar/syntax and a linkrbaskin1rbaskin12013-11-25 03:16:06+00:002013-11-25 03:16:06updated140Linked hip displacia in caninesrbaskin1rbaskin12013-11-25 03:12:24+00:002013-11-25 03:12:24updated139Added tag - domesticated animalsrachel08rachel082013-11-25 03:09:53+00:002013-11-25 03:09:53addTag138rachel08rachel082013-11-25 02:56:50+00:002013-11-25 02:56:50updated137rachel08rachel082013-11-25 02:53:13+00:002013-11-25 02:53:13updated136eyang13eyang132013-11-22 18:06:03+00:002013-11-22 18:06:03updated135xjwork17xjwork172013-11-21 23:51:06+00:002013-11-21 23:51:06updated134sydneyb9sydneyb92013-11-21 22:26:31+00:002013-11-21 22:26:31updated133improving contentbscurrybscurry2013-11-21 05:40:28+00:002013-11-21 05:40:28updated132xjwork17xjwork172013-11-14 22:08:51+00:002013-11-14 22:08:51updated131tbrownetbrowne2013-11-14 17:23:39+00:002013-11-14 17:23:39updated130dmwilsondmwilson2013-11-14 17:17:14+00:002013-11-14 17:17:14updated129tcard4tcard42013-11-14 03:18:52+00:002013-11-14 03:18:52updated128bjenk07bjenk072013-11-14 02:14:57+00:002013-11-14 02:14:57updated127dmwilsondmwilson2013-11-13 18:53:43+00:002013-11-13 18:53:43updated126tvashitvashi2013-11-13 16:12:56+00:002013-11-13 16:12:56updated125added a pictureksuf615ksuf6152013-11-12 16:14:10+00:002013-11-12 16:14:10updated124lgcarterlgcarter2013-11-12 15:44:28+00:002013-11-12 15:44:28updated123mbrdgmnmbrdgmn2013-11-10 23:25:59+00:002013-11-10 23:25:59updated122xjwork17xjwork172013-11-10 22:40:45+00:002013-11-10 22:40:45updated121samponssampons2013-11-10 22:36:35+00:002013-11-10 22:36:35updated120rachel08rachel082013-11-10 22:32:31+00:002013-11-10 22:32:31updated119re320re3202013-11-10 01:52:26+00:002013-11-10 01:52:26updated118edawg16edawg162013-11-09 23:21:00+00:002013-11-09 23:21:00updated117changed format of text to make information easier to read and interpretedawg16edawg162013-11-09 23:20:27+00:002013-11-09 23:20:27updated116deerandeeran2013-11-09 03:52:40+00:002013-11-09 03:52:40updated115improved wordingbscurrybscurry2013-11-07 23:32:57+00:002013-11-07 23:32:57updated114achenachen2013-11-04 15:54:03+00:002013-11-04 15:54:03updated113ashleyjwashleyjw2013-11-04 04:24:53+00:002013-11-04 04:24:53updated112abarton6abarton62013-11-04 00:00:40+00:002013-11-04 00:00:40updated111alomasalomas2013-11-03 23:41:15+00:002013-11-03 23:41:15updated110kdsouza9kdsouza92013-11-03 23:35:06+00:002013-11-03 23:35:06updated109tvashitvashi2013-11-03 19:17:24+00:002013-11-03 19:17:24updated108achenachen2013-11-01 22:23:27+00:002013-11-01 22:23:27updated107gloriaszgloriasz2013-11-01 02:12:10+00:002013-11-01 02:12:10updated106liishiiliishii2013-11-01 02:02:40+00:002013-11-01 02:02:40updated105liishiiliishii2013-11-01 02:02:37+00:002013-11-01 02:02:37updated104naa92naa922013-10-31 16:46:04+00:002013-10-31 16:46:04updated103mpattmpatt2013-10-31 15:29:45+00:002013-10-31 15:29:45updated102ybonillaybonilla2013-10-31 13:38:40+00:002013-10-31 13:38:40updated101ybonillaybonilla2013-10-31 13:37:04+00:002013-10-31 13:37:04updated100kde04kde042013-10-31 10:45:54+00:002013-10-31 10:45:54updated99kde04kde042013-10-31 10:43:23+00:002013-10-31 10:43:23updated98tabedintabedin2013-10-27 21:51:03+00:002013-10-27 21:51:03updated97dmdauerdmdauer2013-10-21 03:01:21+00:002013-10-21 03:01:21updated96grammarjsafkojsafko2013-10-21 02:58:41+00:002013-10-21 02:58:41updated95edwards9edwards92013-10-21 02:01:36+00:002013-10-21 02:01:36updated94kehoekkehoek2013-10-11 23:24:21+00:002013-10-11 23:24:21updated93casef10casef102013-10-11 22:44:37+00:002013-10-11 22:44:37updated92leeshahkimLeeshah Kim2013-10-11 14:54:41+00:002013-10-11 14:54:41updated91gloriaszgloriasz2013-10-11 14:49:27+00:002013-10-11 14:49:27updated90gloriaszgloriasz2013-10-11 14:47:01+00:002013-10-11 14:47:01updated89added information on farm animals sectionmbelyakombelyako2013-10-10 18:18:28+00:002013-10-10 18:18:28updated88Organization of headersddphanddphan2013-10-10 15:12:14+00:002013-10-10 15:12:14updated87formattingmia2016mia20162013-10-09 17:26:10+00:002013-10-09 17:26:10updated86snoccersnoccer2013-10-09 14:23:28+00:002013-10-09 14:23:28updated85writer44writer442013-10-09 02:43:09+00:002013-10-09 02:43:09updated84cslidecslide2013-10-07 03:06:22+00:002013-10-07 03:06:22updated83nkamnkam2013-10-02 17:35:04+00:002013-10-02 17:35:04updated82nkamnkam2013-10-02 17:34:02+00:002013-10-02 17:34:02updated81nkamnkam2013-10-02 17:32:47+00:002013-10-02 17:32:47updated80made some formatting changesmia2016mia20162013-10-01 20:57:32+00:002013-10-01 20:57:32updated79lcaplanlcaplan2013-10-01 02:54:04+00:002013-10-01 02:54:04updated78kevinmkkevinmk2013-09-30 21:51:42+00:002013-09-30 21:51:42updated77bjenk07bjenk072013-09-30 21:51:19+00:002013-09-30 21:51:19updated76bjenk07bjenk072013-09-30 21:50:08+00:002013-09-30 21:50:08updated75bjenk07bjenk072013-09-30 21:37:01+00:002013-09-30 21:37:01updated74dogs ccranccran2013-09-30 06:47:11+00:002013-09-30 06:47:11updated73added under food sectionginasanginasan2013-09-30 02:49:36+00:002013-09-30 02:49:36updated72cslidecslide2013-09-30 02:04:52+00:002013-09-30 02:04:52updated71grammatical changes jlri228jlri2282013-09-30 01:23:25+00:002013-09-30 01:23:25updated70ybonillaybonilla2013-09-29 23:27:17+00:002013-09-29 23:27:17updated69ybonillaybonilla2013-09-29 23:26:30+00:002013-09-29 23:26:30updated68ybonillaybonilla2013-09-29 23:24:52+00:002013-09-29 23:24:52updated67added info about killer beesbscurrybscurry2013-09-29 19:26:11+00:002013-09-29 19:26:11updated66fgkatzfgkatz2013-09-29 15:09:03+00:002013-09-29 15:09:03updated65kkogantikkoganti2013-09-29 02:17:35+00:002013-09-29 02:17:35updated64shree7shree72013-09-28 22:59:28+00:002013-09-28 22:59:28updated63alomasalomas2013-09-28 01:16:23+00:002013-09-28 01:16:23updated62gloriaszgloriasz2013-09-27 12:14:14+00:002013-09-27 12:14:14updated61added cat photo and bit about hypoallergenic and hairless specieshaliejhaliej2013-09-27 03:32:40+00:002013-09-27 03:32:40updated60edited/ cut/ rephrased *** section about dog inbreedinghaliejhaliej2013-09-27 03:20:10+00:002013-09-27 03:20:10updated59kristy7kristy72013-09-26 23:36:25+00:002013-09-26 23:36:25updated58gloriaszgloriasz2013-09-26 20:51:22+00:002013-09-26 20:51:22updated57rtalleyrtalley2013-09-26 15:57:14+00:002013-09-26 15:57:14updated56Added Examples from classddphanddphan2013-09-26 15:13:29+00:002013-09-26 15:13:29updated55added to dog sectiontcard4tcard42013-09-26 00:44:23+00:002013-09-26 00:44:23updated54achenachen2013-09-26 00:34:28+00:002013-09-26 00:34:28updated53reorganized a little bitlauren91lauren912013-09-24 17:23:33+00:002013-09-24 17:23:33updated52bpcroftbpcroft2013-09-24 13:28:11+00:002013-09-24 13:28:11updated51rwstrongrwstrong2013-09-24 03:19:39+00:002013-09-24 03:19:39updated50rwstrongrwstrong2013-09-24 03:02:24+00:002013-09-24 03:02:24updated49achenachen2013-09-23 22:11:53+00:002013-09-23 22:11:53updated48leeshahkimLeeshah Kim2013-09-23 22:08:58+00:002013-09-23 22:08:58updated47talathitalathi2013-09-23 20:51:07+00:002013-09-23 20:51:07updated46added detail to breeders equationduggan91duggan912013-09-23 15:00:22+00:002013-09-23 15:00:22updated45added link to bbc documentary on selective breeding in dogs jlri228jlri2282013-09-22 23:37:20+00:002013-09-22 23:37:20updated44sgamachesgamache2013-09-22 15:29:06+00:002013-09-22 15:29:06updated43grammarspenc90spenc902013-09-22 15:19:21+00:002013-09-22 15:19:21updated42sgamachesgamache2013-09-22 15:16:21+00:002013-09-22 15:16:21updated41kkogantikkoganti2013-09-22 03:35:05+00:002013-09-22 03:35:05updated40kkogantikkoganti2013-09-22 03:34:06+00:002013-09-22 03:34:06updated39Clarified that before genes were known about farmers still knew that some beneficial traits would be passed on to offspring. Saying that farmers intentionally bred cattle for traits but "unintentially utilized heretiablity" doesn't make senseadwomackadwomack2013-09-22 02:51:33+00:002013-09-22 02:51:33updated38general polishing and added additional informationbscurrybscurry2013-09-22 00:59:56+00:002013-09-22 00:59:56updated37asian108asian1082013-09-21 01:40:14+00:002013-09-21 01:40:14updated36kehoekkehoek2013-09-20 20:49:41+00:002013-09-20 20:49:41updated35added article link about Uga and description from the NY timeshaliejhaliej2013-09-20 20:09:00+00:002013-09-20 20:09:00updated34added bulldog transformation imagehaliejhaliej2013-09-20 20:05:10+00:002013-09-20 20:05:10updated33shaque3shaque32013-09-20 16:31:33+00:002013-09-20 16:31:33updated32alomasalomas2013-09-20 16:04:50+00:002013-09-20 16:04:50updated31henkhenk2013-09-20 14:43:48+00:002013-09-20 14:43:48updated30edited disease heterogeneity, added fox domestication studylauren91lauren912013-09-20 03:32:15+00:002013-09-20 03:32:15updated29kristy7kristy72013-09-20 02:44:56+00:002013-09-20 02:44:56updated28bevinbbevinb2013-09-20 01:15:42+00:002013-09-20 01:15:42updated27gloriaszgloriasz2013-09-20 00:34:06+00:002013-09-20 00:34:06updated26Added to FOODccranccran2013-09-19 21:08:37+00:002013-09-19 21:08:37updated25csharmacsharma2013-09-19 20:28:52+00:002013-09-19 20:28:52updated24added examplespjung24pjung242013-09-19 17:04:39+00:002013-09-19 17:04:39updated23bpcroftbpcroft2013-09-19 15:27:36+00:002013-09-19 15:27:36updated22karlin14karlin142013-09-19 15:16:14+00:002013-09-19 15:16:14updated21karlin14karlin142013-09-19 15:15:06+00:002013-09-19 15:15:06updated20Added Breeder's equationddphanddphan2013-09-19 15:07:05+00:002013-09-19 15:07:05updated19karlin14karlin142013-09-19 15:06:11+00:002013-09-19 15:06:11updated18kncox14kncox142013-09-19 14:23:30+00:002013-09-19 14:23:30updated17eyang13eyang132013-09-19 14:07:15+00:002013-09-19 14:07:15updated16eyang13eyang132013-09-19 13:59:54+00:002013-09-19 13:59:54updated15cass16cass162013-09-18 15:15:30+00:002013-09-18 15:15:30updated14mayabasumayabasu2013-09-18 14:59:37+00:002013-09-18 14:59:37updated13mendyhmendyh2013-09-18 14:33:25+00:002013-09-18 14:33:25updated12added bulldog stuff and fun fact about dog phenotypeslauren91lauren912013-09-18 03:10:55+00:002013-09-18 03:10:55updated11ekeatingekeating2013-09-17 20:00:37+00:002013-09-17 20:00:37updated10added a factmia2016mia20162013-09-17 19:30:50+00:002013-09-17 19:30:50updated9mia2016mia20162013-09-17 19:28:11+00:002013-09-17 19:28:11updated8artificial selection in dogsmattbossmattboss2013-09-17 15:12:03+00:002013-09-17 15:12:03updated7Added tag - selectionddphanddphan2013-09-17 15:06:02+00:002013-09-17 15:06:02addTag6Created Pageddphanddphan2013-09-17 15:02:53+00:002013-09-17 15:02:53updated5Added tag - artificial selectionddphanddphan2013-09-17 14:55:15+00:002013-09-17 14:55:15addTag4Added tag - selective breedingddphanddphan2013-09-17 14:55:09+00:002013-09-17 14:55:09addTag3Added tag - hotddphanddphan2013-09-17 14:55:04+00:002013-09-17 14:55:04addTag2First createdddphanddphan2013-09-17 14:55:00+00:002013-09-17 14:55:00created1wiki2013-11-25T03:23:57+00:00groups/evol3000/wiki/ce8b9FalseSelective Breeding or Artificial Selection/groups/evol3000/wiki/ce8b9/Selective_Breeding_or_Artificial_Selection.htmlmayabasu144 updatesSelective Breeding or Artificial Selection Artificial Selection is a form of selection in which humans actively choose which traits should be passed onto offspring. Humans have used selec...Falsemayabasu2013-11-25T03:23:57+00:00edit 9: formatting to the page... " articles, videos and diagrams section .. also added video about richard dawkinsjlri228jlri2282013-11-24 22:30:49+00:002013-11-24 22:30:49updated27added articlekkogantikkoganti2013-11-24 18:41:25+00:002013-11-24 18:41:25updated26grammarjsafkojsafko2013-10-27 21:18:58+00:002013-10-27 21:18:58updated25jnguyen1jnguyen12013-10-26 04:24:43+00:002013-10-26 04:24:43updated24jnguyen1jnguyen12013-10-26 04:23:32+00:002013-10-26 04:23:32updated23kehoekkehoek2013-10-25 19:56:42+00:002013-10-25 19:56:42updated22achenachen2013-10-24 21:34:03+00:002013-10-24 21:34:03updated21rewording and grammarhaliejhaliej2013-10-24 19:17:33+00:002013-10-24 19:17:33updated20grammar to parasite manipulate paragraphhaliejhaliej2013-10-24 19:16:59+00:002013-10-24 19:16:59updated19kristy7kristy72013-10-24 03:11:46+00:002013-10-24 03:11:46updated18Removed tag - phenotypeksuf615ksuf6152013-10-23 17:57:20+00:002013-10-23 17:57:20removeTag17Added tag - richard dawkinsksuf615ksuf6152013-10-23 17:57:09+00:002013-10-23 17:57:09addTag16Removed tag - dawkinsksuf615ksuf6152013-10-23 17:57:01+00:002013-10-23 17:57:01removeTag15added tags to pageksuf615ksuf6152013-10-22 15:20:17+00:002013-10-22 15:20:17updated14Added tag - dawkinsddphanddphan2013-10-22 15:20:06+00:002013-10-22 15:20:06addTag13Added tag - extended phenotypeddphanddphan2013-10-22 15:19:52+00:002013-10-22 15:19:52addTag12Organizationddphanddphan2013-10-22 15:04:17+00:002013-10-22 15:04:17updated11mayabasumayabasu2013-10-21 00:37:10+00:002013-10-21 00:37:10updated10typos, elaborationkkogantikkoganti2013-10-20 21:11:02+00:002013-10-20 21:11:02updated9added the 2nd and 3rd examples of EP described by Dawkinsjnunez26jnunez262013-10-20 18:20:05+00:002013-10-20 18:20:05updated8minor adjustments to 1st example of EPjnunez26jnunez262013-10-20 18:00:57+00:002013-10-20 18:00:57updated7added a pic of Dawkin's book and 1st example of EP that he describesjnunez26jnunez262013-10-20 17:55:12+00:002013-10-20 17:55:12updated6alomasalomas2013-10-20 14:19:09+00:002013-10-20 14:19:09updated5Created Pageddphanddphan2013-10-19 19:29:00+00:002013-10-19 19:29:00updated4Added tag - hotddphanddphan2013-10-19 19:28:59+00:002013-10-19 19:28:59addTag3Added tag - phenotypeddphanddphan2013-10-19 19:28:58+00:002013-10-19 19:28:58addTag2First createdddphanddphan2013-10-19 19:23:37+00:002013-10-19 19:23:37created1wiki2013-11-24T22:30:49+00:00groups/evol3000/wiki/94a1aFalseExtended Phenotype/groups/evol3000/wiki/94a1a/Extended_Phenotype.htmljlri22827 updatesExtended Phenotype An extended phenotype includes all of the traits that an organism has that can influence its fitness; the extended phenotype can include structures t...Falsejlri2282013-11-24T22:30:49+00:00hot/groups/evol3000/search/index.rss?sort=modifiedDate&kind=all&sortDirection=reverse&excludePages=wiki/welcomelist/groups/evol3000/search/?sort=modifiedDate&kind=all&sortDirection=reverse&excludePages=wiki/welcomeRecent ChangesRecentChangesListUpdates?sort=modifiedDate&kind=all&sortDirection=reverse&excludePages=wiki/welcome0/groups/evol3000/sidebar/RecentChangesListmodifiedDateallRecent ChangesRecentChangesListUpdateswiki/welcomeNo recent changes.reverse5searchlist/groups/evol3000/calendar/Upcoming EventsUpcomingEventsListEvents1Getting events…