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    Bottlenecks and Founder Effects

    http://www.bio.georgiasouthern.edu/bio-home/harvey/lect/lectures.html?flnm=nsln&ttl=Population%20change%20and%20natural%20selection&ccode=el&mda=scrn
    • The Bottleneck Effect occurs when there is a disaster of some sort that reduces a population to a small handful, which rarely represents the actual genetic makeup of the initial population. This leaves smaller variation among the surviving individuals.
    Genetic bottlenecks are defined by the textbook as "events in which the number of individuals in a population is reduced drastically." Essentially, this is genetic drift at it's finest. It occurs when the true frequency of alleles of a certain population, is not accurately presented in the new population. There is no other way to avoid a bottleneck effect because having a certain phenotype or genotype does not matter. This can have an extreme effect on the genetic diversity of the population. To illustrate this point: if a large population, say of a bacteria, were to be growing on a surface and then one was to clean it with Lysol or the like, we would expect that not all the bacteria in the population would be killed and thus survive to pass on their genes. This dramatic population decrease would effectively cut out most of the genetic variation that existed within the population pre-Lysol attack. Now, on the same surface, we can expect that the remaining alleles frequencies have shifted dramatically, and all the forthcoming generations will be limited to this gene pool (barring the introduction of new genes to the population). This, effectively, can spread a trait like resistance through the entirety of a population in a few generations. And we know that bacteria run through generations quickly, leading to issues like MRSA.

    This article is a good article explaining how the founder effects affect genetic drift.

    An example of a bottleneck effect: Northern elephant seals have reduced genetic variation most likely due to being hunted. Hunting reduced their population size to as few as 20 individuals at the end if the 19th century. Since then their population has rebounded to over 30,000 but the genes still carry the marks of their bottleneck. They have much less variation than a population of Southern Elephant seals that have not been hunted.

    Generation 2 an unusually small population creates a "bottleneck".
    One of the most famous examples of bottleneck occurred in 1789, when the mutineers of a British ship set the captain and the crew adrift. Twenty seven adults and one baby arrived at island called Pitcairn and their descendants lived on that island for decades. This event caused a drastic reduction in the population size which decreased the genetic variation in the population (Evolution: Making Sense of Life).

    It is believed that there was a human bottleneck ~70,000 years ago, caused by the Toba catastrophe.

    The entire human population was likely reduced to 3,000-10,000 survivors in a small part of Africa.

    Founder Effect

    The Founder Effect is defined as a type of bottleneck, "a type of genetic drift describing the loss of the allelic variation that accompanies founding of a new population from a very small number of individuals (a small sample of a much larger source population). This effect can cause the new population to differ considerably from the source population." Examples of this showing up in human populations is polydactyly among Amish communities or the Blue people of Kentucky. Unlike bottlenecks, which persist as long as the effective population size remains low, a founder effect is an instant event. Here is a link to a website that delves into the genomic heritage of the people of Quebec. Quebec is a community whose genomic heritage is a result of founder effects.

    • The founder effect occurs when there is a lack of genetic variation due to a small mating population. The Founder Effect happens when there is a dramatic decrease in genetic diversity caused by the development of small colonies of individuals, from the original population, that remain isolated to other colonies.
    • Only a small subset of the genetic diversity of the source population is likely to be included in the new population, and the relative frequencies of these alleles may be very different from what they had been before (book, 165).
      • An example of the founder effect comes from the Afrikaner population of Dutch settlers in South Africa. This population has an abnormally high count of Huntington's Disease (nerve cells in brain degenerate) because the original Dutch settlers carried the gene with a higher frequency that the rest of the Dutch population.

    • Huntington's Disease also occurs in unusually high frequency near Lake Maraciabo, Venezuela. After much research, scientists were not only able to discover the mutation that causes the devastating disease, but also trace it back to the founder herself. 200 years ago, a women had 10 children all of whom stayed in the area to raise their own children. Unfortunately, Huntington's is a dominant allele meaning that if one parent carries it, there is a 50:50 chance it will be passed to the offspring. The disease has been able to persist for so long because natural selection no longer acts after reproduction, which is when Huntington's begins to take its effects.
    • Ichthyosis in golden retrievers affects 50% of the population in Europe and 30% in America. It's an autosomal recessive disorder that causes the skin to look scalely, hence the name. Geneticists, who are searching for answers to human forms of ichthyosis, found that the disorder can be traced back to one dog. By the late 1990s/early 2000s, ichthyosis was recognized as a separate disorder from regular flaking skin. While the effects, are usually mild, it is still a major concern for breeders who are now testing their dams and sires for the ichthyosis mutation prior to breeding. Caution is being exercised, however, to not eliminate mates from the gene pool too soon because of one disorder. Doing so would result in a severe bottleneck of the golden retriever population, particularly in Europe.





    Both bottlenecks and founder effects provide perfect opportunities for genetic drift to take over, as they both involve small populations. After a few generations, the population may look very different from the original population. In rare cases, a bottleneck may even lead to speciation.

    This article has a great comparison between the Founder's effect and Genetic Drift.

    Here is an article relating Genetic Drift and Effective population size. This article explores a new formula that might estimate the effective population size. The accuracy of the equation depends on the number of loci or alleles, number of generations involves, and ratio of sample size to effective size.

    There are essentially three main theories for the african origin of human beings and their subsequent dispersal. 1. Replacement 2. Weak Garden of Eden & 3. Multiple Dispersals. Throughout our history as a species we have been subject to numerous bottle necks.


    Other Links On Genetic Bottlenecks

    Go here to see this interesting article on Bottlenecks and the Founder Effect

    How the Bottleneck Effect has made Humans less Diverse
    • Bottleneck effects isolates genes
    • Specifies the founder effect when people left Africa
    there's this really cool video on bottlenecks and founder effect here.
    Wiki on Genetic Drift and Bottleneck
    This article gives another outlook on how bottlenecks effect the drift.

    Comments

    /groups/evol3000/search/index.rss?tag=hotlist/groups/evol3000/search/?tag=hotWhat’s HotHotListHot!?tag=hot14/groups/evol3000/sidebar/HotListliishiiliishii2013-12-10 01:58:20+00:002013-12-10 01:58:20updated159smithasmitha2013-11-25 00:37:02+00:002013-11-25 00:37:02updated158edit8: added a like to the course evaluations on this page jlri228jlri2282013-11-24 22:26:27+00:002013-11-24 22:26:27updated157edit7: removed duplicate "human evolution page" and transferred content to original "human evolution pagejlri228jlri2282013-11-24 22:24:02+00:002013-11-24 22:24:02updated156moved the oxytocin link in the other random pages in order to keep the alphabetical order jlri228jlri2282013-11-24 21:41:40+00:002013-11-24 21:41:40updated155melissa4melissa42013-11-19 02:34:17+00:002013-11-19 02:34:17updated154eidt11: kept the alphabetical order of the "other random pages section"jlri228jlri2282013-11-18 04:39:34+00:002013-11-18 04:39:34updated153ahakimahakim2013-11-18 04:29:20+00:002013-11-18 04:29:20updated152bhinton1bhinton12013-11-16 02:22:16+00:002013-11-16 02:22:16updated151bhinton1bhinton12013-11-16 02:21:46+00:002013-11-16 02:21:46updated150naa92naa922013-11-15 16:56:42+00:002013-11-15 16:56:42updated149corrected the spelling of neighbor in the "other random pages section" and fixed the title to match the current format jlri228jlri2282013-11-15 03:05:48+00:002013-11-15 03:05:48updated148put the "other random pages" section in alaphabetical order jlri228jlri2282013-11-15 03:01:22+00:002013-11-15 03:01:22updated147rearragned the wiki pages so that they remained in alaphabetical order jlri228jlri2282013-11-15 02:57:51+00:002013-11-15 02:57:51updated146linked in wiki page o 23 and me instead of company website.philogeaphilogea2013-11-13 21:19:01+00:002013-11-13 21:19:01updated145linked discussion page to discussion announcementphilogeaphilogea2013-11-13 21:15:08+00:002013-11-13 21:15:08updated144abutchabutch2013-11-12 19:29:10+00:002013-11-12 19:29:10updated143ahakimahakim2013-11-11 03:48:17+00:002013-11-11 03:48:17updated14223andMe info added.duggan91duggan912013-11-10 22:20:38+00:002013-11-10 22:20:38updated141formatpjung24pjung242013-11-07 19:07:58+00:002013-11-07 19:07:58updated140cryssongcryssong2013-11-07 16:26:53+00:002013-11-07 16:26:53updated139bhinton1bhinton12013-11-06 21:33:32+00:002013-11-06 21:33:32updated138bhinton1bhinton12013-11-06 21:33:03+00:002013-11-06 21:33:03updated137bhinton1bhinton12013-11-06 21:30:58+00:002013-11-06 21:30:58updated136tbrownetbrowne2013-11-06 02:36:46+00:002013-11-06 02:36:46updated135added link to barefoot running pagebellamyjbellamyj2013-11-05 16:44:12+00:002013-11-05 16:44:12updated134smithasmitha2013-11-05 16:02:50+00:002013-11-05 16:02:50updated133edwards9edwards92013-11-04 03:53:03+00:002013-11-04 03:53:03updated132bhinton1bhinton12013-11-01 20:44:24+00:002013-11-01 20:44:24updated131bhinton1bhinton12013-11-01 20:43:29+00:002013-11-01 20:43:29updated130dottie94dottie942013-10-30 14:36:41+00:002013-10-30 14:36:41updated129lgcarterlgcarter2013-10-28 17:42:35+00:002013-10-28 17:42:35updated128edwards9edwards92013-10-28 03:00:50+00:002013-10-28 03:00:50updated127edwards9edwards92013-10-28 02:55:04+00:002013-10-28 02:55:04updated126edwards9edwards92013-10-28 02:49:02+00:002013-10-28 02:49:02updated125edwards9edwards92013-10-28 02:43:10+00:002013-10-28 02:43:10updated124jlri228jlri2282013-10-27 23:00:38+00:002013-10-27 23:00:38updated123edit 4: kept the overall alphabetical order theme for this page jlri228jlri2282013-10-27 22:59:45+00:002013-10-27 22:59:45updated122bhinton1bhinton12013-10-25 19:36:16+00:002013-10-25 19:36:16updated121added linkddphanddphan2013-10-24 15:05:22+00:002013-10-24 15:05:22updated120jlri228jlri2282013-10-21 02:47:11+00:002013-10-21 02:47:11updated119added general discussion page to the "wiki pages" home page jlri228jlri2282013-10-21 02:45:22+00:002013-10-21 02:45:22updated118edit 5: kept pages in alphabetical order... frameshift before gene flowjlri228jlri2282013-10-21 01:31:42+00:002013-10-21 01:31:42updated117allie633allie6332013-10-20 21:27:10+00:002013-10-20 21:27:10updated116achenachen2013-10-20 06:18:02+00:002013-10-20 06:18:02updated115Changed formating on each of the list headingswtownewtowne2013-10-20 04:46:35+00:002013-10-20 04:46:35updated114deerandeeran2013-10-20 04:36:20+00:002013-10-20 04:36:20updated113bhinton1bhinton12013-10-19 23:15:35+00:002013-10-19 23:15:35updated112ddphanddphan2013-10-19 19:25:15+00:002013-10-19 19:25:15updated111Added Linkddphanddphan2013-10-17 14:52:47+00:002013-10-17 14:52:47updated110edit 2: put "other random pages" section in alphabetical order jlri228jlri2282013-10-13 18:37:21+00:002013-10-13 18:37:21updated109jlri228jlri2282013-10-13 18:32:34+00:002013-10-13 18:32:34updated108first edit: put new pages in alphabetical orderjlri228jlri2282013-10-13 18:27:45+00:002013-10-13 18:27:45updated107bhinton1bhinton12013-10-13 15:41:09+00:002013-10-13 15:41:09updated106fgkatzfgkatz2013-10-10 19:43:54+00:002013-10-10 19:43:54updated105fgkatzfgkatz2013-10-10 19:43:14+00:002013-10-10 19:43:14updated104pjung24pjung242013-10-10 16:30:35+00:002013-10-10 16:30:35updated103pgriff10pgriff102013-10-10 15:27:48+00:002013-10-10 15:27:48updated102Added Linksddphanddphan2013-10-10 15:18:28+00:002013-10-10 15:18:28updated101pjung24pjung242013-10-09 21:35:17+00:002013-10-09 21:35:17updated100cryssongcryssong2013-10-09 18:36:27+00:002013-10-09 18:36:27updated99added linksddphanddphan2013-10-08 15:22:26+00:002013-10-08 15:22:26updated98Moved chi-square test to appropriate categorytrostelstrostels2013-10-06 19:29:28+00:002013-10-06 19:29:28updated97put "the bounty: founder effect example" in alphabetical orderjlri228jlri2282013-10-06 03:11:31+00:002013-10-06 03:11:31updated96ddphanddphan2013-10-05 16:35:27+00:002013-10-05 16:35:27updated95pjung24pjung242013-10-03 16:44:39+00:002013-10-03 16:44:39updated94Added Linkddphanddphan2013-10-03 15:15:29+00:002013-10-03 15:15:29updated93pjung24pjung242013-10-02 23:29:01+00:002013-10-02 23:29:01updated92formatting changesjlri228jlri2282013-09-30 01:12:07+00:002013-09-30 01:12:07updated91For my second post i added the newly created page to the Wiki pages section jlri228jlri2282013-09-30 01:01:23+00:002013-09-30 01:01:23updated90bhinton1bhinton12013-09-29 02:25:22+00:002013-09-29 02:25:22updated89bhinton1bhinton12013-09-29 02:20:01+00:002013-09-29 02:20:01updated88fgkatzfgkatz2013-09-27 15:34:25+00:002013-09-27 15:34:25updated87alphebetized the listtrostelstrostels2013-09-26 23:38:31+00:002013-09-26 23:38:31updated86delete unnecessary linkskjanekjane2013-09-26 21:57:19+00:002013-09-26 21:57:19updated85kjanekjane2013-09-26 21:43:56+00:002013-09-26 21:43:56updated84kjanekjane2013-09-26 21:39:39+00:002013-09-26 21:39:39updated83moved epistasis linkkjanekjane2013-09-26 21:39:11+00:002013-09-26 21:39:11updated82Made a link to the new Inbreeding pageagdeleoagdeleo2013-09-26 17:02:55+00:002013-09-26 17:02:55updated81Deleted the link to "Important Faces" page since the page no longer existsagdeleoagdeleo2013-09-26 16:40:25+00:002013-09-26 16:40:25updated80kdsouza9kdsouza92013-09-24 16:03:26+00:002013-09-24 16:03:26updated79Added Pagesddphanddphan2013-09-24 15:39:13+00:002013-09-24 15:39:13updated78added stickleback evolution page linkkdsouza9kdsouza92013-09-24 15:37:18+00:002013-09-24 15:37:18updated77glynchglynch2013-09-23 03:00:01+00:002013-09-23 03:00:01updated76glynchglynch2013-09-23 02:59:20+00:002013-09-23 02:59:20updated75glynchglynch2013-09-23 02:56:12+00:002013-09-23 02:56:12updated74jlri228jlri2282013-09-22 22:38:02+00:002013-09-22 22:38:02updated73moved heritability section into correct alphabetical ordering jlri228jlri2282013-09-22 22:37:46+00:002013-09-22 22:37:46updated72adwomackadwomack2013-09-22 02:45:05+00:002013-09-22 02:45:05updated71bhinton1bhinton12013-09-22 02:23:18+00:002013-09-22 02:23:18updated70bhinton1bhinton12013-09-22 02:19:02+00:002013-09-22 02:19:02updated69delete duplicate page linkkjanekjane2013-09-20 19:12:57+00:002013-09-20 19:12:57updated68fgkatzfgkatz2013-09-20 15:46:17+00:002013-09-20 15:46:17updated67baek92baek922013-09-19 20:50:17+00:002013-09-19 20:50:17updated66pjung24pjung242013-09-19 16:49:00+00:002013-09-19 16:49:00updated65katmoor4katmoor42013-09-19 12:06:40+00:002013-09-19 12:06:40updated64adwomackadwomack2013-09-19 02:11:23+00:002013-09-19 02:11:23updated63Added better description of linkjnunez26jnunez262013-09-18 23:39:06+00:002013-09-18 23:39:06updated62jnunez26jnunez262013-09-18 23:36:31+00:002013-09-18 23:36:31updated61jnunez26jnunez262013-09-18 23:09:07+00:002013-09-18 23:09:07updated60added a linkginasanginasan2013-09-18 05:06:15+00:002013-09-18 05:06:15updated59added linkginasanginasan2013-09-18 02:49:03+00:002013-09-18 02:49:03updated58Added pagesddphanddphan2013-09-17 15:11:29+00:002013-09-17 15:11:29updated57added a 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01:25:38+00:002013-09-02 01:25:38updated17added linkginasanginasan2013-09-02 01:17:36+00:002013-09-02 01:17:36updated16robertprobertp2013-09-01 19:22:15+00:002013-09-01 19:22:15updated15deerandeeran2013-08-31 20:03:41+00:002013-08-31 20:03:41updated14mia2016mia20162013-08-29 19:01:48+00:002013-08-29 19:01:48updated13fgkatzfgkatz2013-08-29 19:01:00+00:002013-08-29 19:01:00updated12fgkatzfgkatz2013-08-29 19:00:00+00:002013-08-29 19:00:00updated11fgkatzfgkatz2013-08-29 18:59:10+00:002013-08-29 18:59:10updated10fgkatzfgkatz2013-08-29 18:57:47+00:002013-08-29 18:57:47updated9fgkatzfgkatz2013-08-29 18:35:32+00:002013-08-29 18:35:32updated8fgkatzfgkatz2013-08-29 18:34:35+00:002013-08-29 18:34:35updated7lgcarterlgcarter2013-08-29 16:08:07+00:002013-08-29 16:08:07updated6Created Pageddphanddphan2013-08-28 01:50:51+00:002013-08-28 01:50:51updated5Added tag - wikiddphanddphan2013-08-28 01:44:43+00:002013-08-28 01:44:43addTag4Added tag - sand boxddphanddphan2013-08-28 01:44:41+00:002013-08-28 01:44:41addTag3Added tag - discussionddphanddphan2013-08-28 01:44:38+00:002013-08-28 01:44:38addTag2First createdddphanddphan2013-08-28 01:43:31+00:002013-08-28 01:43:31created1wiki2013-12-10T01:58:20+00:00groups/evol3000/wiki/54e13FalseWiki Pages/groups/evol3000/wiki/54e13/Wiki_Pages.htmlliishii159 updatesWiki Pages PLEASE READ: Commenting on the wiki pages do not count as participation credit on the wiki. The directions in the syllabus are clear on what does...Falseliishii2013-12-10T01:58:20+00:00added an exampleduggan91duggan912013-11-25 22:18:09+00:002013-11-25 22:18:09updated92souyang1souyang12013-11-25 05:00:00+00:002013-11-25 05:00:00updated91ashleyjwashleyjw2013-11-25 04:17:05+00:002013-11-25 04:17:05updated90mpattmpatt2013-11-25 04:10:42+00:002013-11-25 04:10:42updated89tabedintabedin2013-11-24 23:37:00+00:002013-11-24 23:37:00updated88edit 5: added video to "infecting a host section"jlri228jlri2282013-11-24 22:07:33+00:002013-11-24 22:07:33updated87edit4: made formatting changes and added a video on viral reassortment jlri228jlri2282013-11-24 22:04:13+00:002013-11-24 22:04:13updated86added articlekkogantikkoganti2013-11-24 17:45:38+00:002013-11-24 17:45:38updated85samponssampons2013-11-24 03:53:13+00:002013-11-24 03:53:13updated84deerandeeran2013-11-23 23:02:22+00:002013-11-23 23:02:22updated83tvashitvashi2013-11-23 04:25:36+00:002013-11-23 04:25:36updated82kde04kde042013-11-22 22:40:46+00:002013-11-22 22:40:46updated81kde04kde042013-11-22 22:39:59+00:002013-11-22 22:39:59updated80eyang13eyang132013-11-22 18:03:27+00:002013-11-22 18:03:27updated79eyang13eyang132013-11-22 18:03:11+00:002013-11-22 18:03:11updated78pjung24pjung242013-11-22 17:43:52+00:002013-11-22 17:43:52updated77pjung24pjung242013-11-22 17:38:38+00:002013-11-22 17:38:38updated76gloriaszgloriasz2013-11-22 17:37:21+00:002013-11-22 17:37:21updated75gloriaszgloriasz2013-11-22 17:36:24+00:002013-11-22 17:36:24updated74sydneyb9sydneyb92013-11-21 22:23:02+00:002013-11-21 22:23:02updated73re320re3202013-11-21 19:25:53+00:002013-11-21 19:25:53updated72bpcroftbpcroft2013-11-21 16:58:19+00:002013-11-21 16:58:19updated71bpcroftbpcroft2013-11-21 16:56:30+00:002013-11-21 16:56:30updated70tcard4tcard42013-11-21 15:20:30+00:002013-11-21 15:20:30updated69editing and improingbscurrybscurry2013-11-21 05:35:49+00:002013-11-21 05:35:49updated68kristy7kristy72013-11-21 01:02:26+00:002013-11-21 01:02:26updated67kncox14kncox142013-11-20 20:07:04+00:002013-11-20 20:07:04updated66kncox14kncox142013-11-20 20:05:26+00:002013-11-20 20:05:26updated65kncox14kncox142013-11-20 20:03:10+00:002013-11-20 20:03:10updated64kncox14kncox142013-11-20 19:59:28+00:002013-11-20 19:59:28updated63dmdauerdmdauer2013-11-20 19:58:35+00:002013-11-20 19:58:35updated62added an example of co-evolutionksuf615ksuf6152013-11-20 16:01:14+00:002013-11-20 16:01:14updated61formattingksuf615ksuf6152013-11-20 16:00:32+00:002013-11-20 16:00:32updated60added type of transmissionksuf615ksuf6152013-11-20 16:00:11+00:002013-11-20 16:00:11updated59tbrownetbrowne2013-11-20 03:28:19+00:002013-11-20 03:28:19updated58Nicole Hill- transmission picturenhill19nhill192013-11-19 00:59:47+00:002013-11-19 00:59:47updated57Nicole Hill- viral evolutionnhill19nhill192013-11-19 00:57:38+00:002013-11-19 00:57:38updated56bjenk07bjenk072013-11-18 22:35:01+00:002013-11-18 22:35:01updated55kevinmkkevinmk2013-11-18 22:33:41+00:002013-11-18 22:33:41updated54kevinmkkevinmk2013-11-18 22:26:49+00:002013-11-18 22:26:49updated53kevinmkkevinmk2013-11-18 22:24:06+00:002013-11-18 22:24:06updated52edited paragraph haliejhaliej2013-11-18 15:42:45+00:002013-11-18 15:42:45updated51edited and elongated sentencehaliejhaliej2013-11-18 15:41:32+00:002013-11-18 15:41:32updated50added crucial details on the trade off hypothesis. Took out wrong information. Corrected it.huangdevhuangdev2013-11-18 05:38:51+00:002013-11-18 05:38:51updated49samponssampons2013-11-18 05:31:41+00:002013-11-18 05:31:41updated48bpcroftbpcroft2013-11-18 04:58:03+00:002013-11-18 04:58:03updated47zaki007zaki0072013-11-18 04:55:37+00:002013-11-18 04:55:37updated46ebythekkebythekk2013-11-18 04:16:14+00:002013-11-18 04:16:14updated45jlri228jlri2282013-11-18 04:05:35+00:002013-11-18 04:05:35updated44edit10: more page formatting... moved "types of transmission section"jlri228jlri2282013-11-18 04:05:03+00:002013-11-18 04:05:03updated43kdsouza9kdsouza92013-11-18 04:04:49+00:002013-11-18 04:04:49updated42edit 9: added headers, outlined in blue, rearranged the page in a logical order... reworded some of the content jlri228jlri2282013-11-18 04:01:07+00:002013-11-18 04:01:07updated41ginasanginasan2013-11-18 03:37:17+00:002013-11-18 03:37:17updated40mayabasumayabasu2013-11-18 03:31:22+00:002013-11-18 03:31:22updated39melissa4melissa42013-11-18 03:22:12+00:002013-11-18 03:22:12updated38added extra info about self-containing diseasesbscurrybscurry2013-11-18 03:18:20+00:002013-11-18 03:18:20updated37jsafkojsafko2013-11-18 03:08:38+00:002013-11-18 03:08:38updated36abarton6abarton62013-11-18 01:42:16+00:002013-11-18 01:42:16updated35alomasalomas2013-11-17 23:38:56+00:002013-11-17 23:38:56updated34Contentrbaskin1rbaskin12013-11-17 21:08:09+00:002013-11-17 21:08:09updated33rbaskin1rbaskin12013-11-17 21:07:24+00:002013-11-17 21:07:24updated32Added tag - virulencedmdauerdmdauer2013-11-17 21:06:34+00:002013-11-17 21:06:34addTag31Removed tag - evolutiondmdauerdmdauer2013-11-17 21:06:24+00:002013-11-17 21:06:24removeTag30Added tag - virus evolutiondmdauerdmdauer2013-11-17 21:06:22+00:002013-11-17 21:06:22addTag29dmdauerdmdauer2013-11-17 20:19:02+00:002013-11-17 20:19:02updated28rachel08rachel082013-11-17 18:47:54+00:002013-11-17 18:47:54updated27added a diagramduggan91duggan912013-11-17 14:25:10+00:002013-11-17 14:25:10updated26added cycles of virusduggan91duggan912013-11-17 14:19:13+00:002013-11-17 14:19:13updated25pjung24pjung242013-11-16 20:16:54+00:002013-11-16 20:16:54updated24pjung24pjung242013-11-16 20:15:54+00:002013-11-16 20:15:54updated23pjung24pjung242013-11-16 20:15:13+00:002013-11-16 20:15:13updated22gloriaszgloriasz2013-11-16 14:44:03+00:002013-11-16 14:44:03updated21gloriaszgloriasz2013-11-16 14:43:29+00:002013-11-16 14:43:29updated20gloriaszgloriasz2013-11-16 04:25:39+00:002013-11-16 04:25:39updated19edit3: added the Videos, articles and diagrams hedding... also linked in and explaind two yuotube videosjlri228jlri2282013-11-15 04:16:12+00:002013-11-15 04:16:12updated18kristy7kristy72013-11-14 23:34:04+00:002013-11-14 23:34:04updated17eliminated unnecessary bullet pointddphanddphan2013-11-14 21:28:35+00:002013-11-14 21:28:35updated16Added tag - hotabutchabutch2013-11-14 21:26:06+00:002013-11-14 21:26:06addTag15Added tag - evolutionabutchabutch2013-11-14 21:25:36+00:002013-11-14 21:25:36addTag14abutchabutch2013-11-14 21:01:55+00:002013-11-14 21:01:55updated13abutchabutch2013-11-14 20:58:35+00:002013-11-14 20:58:35updated12abutchabutch2013-11-14 20:47:44+00:002013-11-14 20:47:44updated11alomasalomas2013-11-13 18:34:01+00:002013-11-13 18:34:01updated10mia2016mia20162013-11-13 17:50:07+00:002013-11-13 17:50:07updated9Nicole Hill- hiv viral evolutionnhill19nhill192013-11-13 15:57:54+00:002013-11-13 15:57:54updated8Added an additional point of how growth rate corresponds to virulence within the point on More Virulent Pathogensagdeleoagdeleo2013-11-13 14:45:57+00:002013-11-13 14:45:57updated7kdv11kdv112013-11-13 13:42:02+00:002013-11-13 13:42:02updated6reemap26reemap262013-11-13 00:56:38+00:002013-11-13 00:56:38updated5khall12khall122013-11-13 00:15:24+00:002013-11-13 00:15:24updated4tvashitvashi2013-11-12 22:29:16+00:002013-11-12 22:29:16updated3abutchabutch2013-11-12 19:28:35+00:002013-11-12 19:28:35updated2First createdabutchabutch2013-11-12 19:18:06+00:002013-11-12 19:18:06created1wiki2013-11-25T22:18:09+00:00groups/evol3000/wiki/fbefaFalseViral Evolution/groups/evol3000/wiki/fbefa/Viral_Evolution.htmlduggan9192 updatesViral Evolution Origins of Viruses/ Viral Transmission Virus Origins: There is a lot of debate on this topic, but scientists have developed a few prop...Falseduggan912013-11-25T22:18:09+00:00mayabasumayabasu2013-11-25 03:26:27+00:002013-11-25 03:26:27updated224dmdauerdmdauer2013-11-25 01:08:29+00:002013-11-25 01:08:29updated223added a linkralbrechralbrech2013-11-25 00:06:17+00:002013-11-25 00:06:17updated222enanovenanov2013-11-18 04:30:22+00:002013-11-18 04:30:22updated221kdsouza9kdsouza92013-11-18 04:01:48+00:002013-11-18 04:01:48updated220article about sexual selectiongagirl11bgagirl11b2013-11-18 03:45:26+00:002013-11-18 03:45:26updated219fixed my own typokkogantikkoganti2013-11-18 02:46:23+00:002013-11-18 02:46:23updated218added article on sperm cooperationkkogantikkoganti2013-11-18 02:42:47+00:002013-11-18 02:42:47updated217nikra91nikra912013-11-18 02:39:04+00:002013-11-18 02:39:04updated216added article on sperm cooperationkkogantikkoganti2013-11-18 02:37:49+00:002013-11-18 02:37:49updated215deerandeeran2013-11-18 02:26:46+00:002013-11-18 02:26:46updated214talathitalathi2013-11-18 00:21:32+00:002013-11-18 00:21:32updated213rachel08rachel082013-11-17 18:29:28+00:002013-11-17 18:29:28updated212deerandeeran2013-11-17 04:00:15+00:002013-11-17 04:00:15updated211formattingjlri228jlri2282013-11-15 04:03:58+00:002013-11-15 04:03:58updated210haislerkhaislerk2013-11-14 22:12:35+00:002013-11-14 22:12:35updated209bevinbbevinb2013-11-13 18:55:52+00:002013-11-13 18:55:52updated208added description to the video somebody posted on sexual selection in human dating scenegregbgregb2013-11-11 05:47:02+00:002013-11-11 05:47:02updated207added info to 2duggan91duggan912013-11-11 05:02:26+00:002013-11-11 05:02:26updated206mayabasumayabasu2013-11-11 04:25:58+00:002013-11-11 04:25:58updated205achenachen2013-11-11 02:01:42+00:002013-11-11 02:01:42updated204ashleyjwashleyjw2013-11-11 00:54:06+00:002013-11-11 00:54:06updated203jsafkojsafko2013-11-11 00:13:19+00:002013-11-11 00:13:19updated202khall12khall122013-11-10 00:31:41+00:002013-11-10 00:31:41updated201corrected a typo physical ---> psycologicaladwomackadwomack2013-11-10 00:02:21+00:002013-11-10 00:02:21updated200added to human sexual selection on the psychological parts of sexual selectionedawg16edawg162013-11-09 23:18:24+00:002013-11-09 23:18:24updated199gloriaszgloriasz2013-11-09 14:19:55+00:002013-11-09 14:19:55updated198gloriaszgloriasz2013-11-09 14:19:03+00:002013-11-09 14:19:03updated197gloriaszgloriasz2013-11-07 19:10:16+00:002013-11-07 19:10:16updated196gloriaszgloriasz2013-11-07 19:09:38+00:002013-11-07 19:09:38updated195tvashitvashi2013-11-07 16:00:27+00:002013-11-07 16:00:27updated194mendyhmendyh2013-11-06 17:44:49+00:002013-11-06 17:44:49updated193added nuptual giftsbennywbennyw2013-11-06 03:47:43+00:002013-11-06 03:47:43updated192organization, deleted redundant titleddphanddphan2013-11-05 16:30:14+00:002013-11-05 16:30:14updated191edwards9edwards92013-11-04 04:19:18+00:002013-11-04 04:19:18updated190amanqua3amanqua32013-11-04 03:25:29+00:002013-11-04 03:25:29updated189samponssampons2013-11-04 03:22:57+00:002013-11-04 03:22:57updated188amanqua3amanqua32013-11-04 03:21:23+00:002013-11-04 03:21:23updated187grammarjsafkojsafko2013-11-04 02:48:38+00:002013-11-04 02:48:38updated186added a link about recent evolution has caused women to prefer the Beta males over the Alpha malescolby22colby222013-11-04 02:09:42+00:002013-11-04 02:09:42updated185kde04kde042013-10-31 10:40:40+00:002013-10-31 10:40:40updated184alhill9alhill92013-10-31 06:55:28+00:002013-10-31 06:55:28updated183kncox14kncox142013-10-31 03:32:47+00:002013-10-31 03:32:47updated182manuelabmanuelab2013-10-30 23:39:37+00:002013-10-30 23:39:37updated181bjenk07bjenk072013-10-30 21:48:03+00:002013-10-30 21:48:03updated180bjenk07bjenk072013-10-30 21:41:53+00:002013-10-30 21:41:53updated179bjenk07bjenk072013-10-30 21:38:17+00:002013-10-30 21:38:17updated178kevinmkkevinmk2013-10-30 21:35:56+00:002013-10-30 21:35:56updated177kevinmkkevinmk2013-10-30 21:32:56+00:002013-10-30 21:32:56updated176kevinmkkevinmk2013-10-30 21:32:44+00:002013-10-30 21:32:44updated175mbailey1mbailey12013-10-29 23:36:45+00:002013-10-29 23:36:45updated174mbailey1mbailey12013-10-29 23:29:04+00:002013-10-29 23:29:04updated173sydneyb9sydneyb92013-10-29 22:38:04+00:002013-10-29 22:38:04updated172Nicole Hill- Sexual selection/conflictnhill19nhill192013-10-29 16:07:17+00:002013-10-29 16:07:17updated171tbrownetbrowne2013-10-28 22:49:29+00:002013-10-28 22:49:29updated170tbrownetbrowne2013-10-28 22:47:07+00:002013-10-28 22:47:07updated169tbrownetbrowne2013-10-28 22:42:24+00:002013-10-28 22:42:24updated168tbrownetbrowne2013-10-28 22:38:54+00:002013-10-28 22:38:54updated167tbrownetbrowne2013-10-28 22:38:14+00:002013-10-28 22:38:14updated166tbrownetbrowne2013-10-28 22:37:21+00:002013-10-28 22:37:21updated165charleebcharleeb2013-10-28 18:35:46+00:002013-10-28 18:35:46updated164tgetztgetz2013-10-28 03:29:40+00:002013-10-28 03:29:40updated163tgetztgetz2013-10-28 03:27:34+00:002013-10-28 03:27:34updated162ebythekkebythekk2013-10-28 03:20:30+00:002013-10-28 03:20:30updated161achenachen2013-10-28 02:28:29+00:002013-10-28 02:28:29updated160kkogantikkoganti2013-10-28 01:51:33+00:002013-10-28 01:51:33updated159Edited section about "why is sex bad" and added explanation of two fold costjkabacijkabaci2013-10-27 23:27:29+00:002013-10-27 23:27:29updated158dmdauerdmdauer2013-10-27 23:04:00+00:002013-10-27 23:04:00updated157edit 3: added an outline for the handout jlri228jlri2282013-10-27 22:49:18+00:002013-10-27 22:49:18updated156edit 2: added handout and paragraph about sexual conflict in guppies jlri228jlri2282013-10-27 22:45:59+00:002013-10-27 22:45:59updated155edit 1: removed mislabeled content and kept formatting the same by making a title bluejlri228jlri2282013-10-27 22:16:04+00:002013-10-27 22:16:04updated154abarton6abarton62013-10-27 21:56:19+00:002013-10-27 21:56:19updated153tchishomtchishom2013-10-27 21:46:05+00:002013-10-27 21:46:05updated152rachel08rachel082013-10-27 21:23:35+00:002013-10-27 21:23:35updated151rachel08rachel082013-10-27 21:21:16+00:002013-10-27 21:21:16updated150jsafkojsafko2013-10-27 21:18:23+00:002013-10-27 21:18:23updated149wording of def for human sex selectionjnunez26jnunez262013-10-27 20:53:20+00:002013-10-27 20:53:20updated148dottie94dottie942013-10-27 17:24:40+00:002013-10-27 17:24:40updated147alhill9alhill92013-10-27 14:22:03+00:002013-10-27 14:22:03updated146shree7shree72013-10-26 21:47:37+00:002013-10-26 21:47:37updated145shree7shree72013-10-26 21:38:58+00:002013-10-26 21:38:58updated144chersh93chersh932013-10-26 17:52:15+00:002013-10-26 17:52:15updated143Added tag - hotpjung24pjung242013-10-26 17:49:06+00:002013-10-26 17:49:06addTag142Removed tag - hotpjung24pjung242013-10-26 17:49:04+00:002013-10-26 17:49:04removeTag141pjung24pjung242013-10-26 04:10:18+00:002013-10-26 04:10:18updated140pjung24pjung242013-10-26 04:07:44+00:002013-10-26 04:07:44updated139tvashitvashi2013-10-26 00:37:32+00:002013-10-26 00:37:32updated138kehoekkehoek2013-10-25 19:46:19+00:002013-10-25 19:46:19updated137kristy7kristy72013-10-25 18:49:50+00:002013-10-25 18:49:50updated136grammarspenc90spenc902013-10-25 16:22:38+00:002013-10-25 16:22:38updated135tcard4tcard42013-10-25 01:52:43+00:002013-10-25 01:52:43updated134pgriff10pgriff102013-10-25 01:14:54+00:002013-10-25 01:14:54updated133gloriaszgloriasz2013-10-25 00:41:16+00:002013-10-25 00:41:16updated132achenachen2013-10-24 21:40:38+00:002013-10-24 21:40:38updated131mia2016mia20162013-10-24 20:28:56+00:002013-10-24 20:28:56updated130ekeatingekeating2013-10-24 19:38:28+00:002013-10-24 19:38:28updated129xjwork17xjwork172013-10-24 15:00:00+00:002013-10-24 15:00:00updated128nkamnkam2013-10-23 15:20:45+00:002013-10-23 15:20:45updated127added a link about sexual seleciton and human sexual selectiongagirl11bgagirl11b2013-10-23 14:19:17+00:002013-10-23 14:19:17updated126tcard4tcard42013-10-22 17:19:41+00:002013-10-22 17:19:41updated125rtalleyrtalley2013-10-22 15:26:58+00:002013-10-22 15:26:58updated124rtalleyrtalley2013-10-22 15:25:32+00:002013-10-22 15:25:32updated123haislerkhaislerk2013-10-22 15:15:20+00:002013-10-22 15:15:20updated122haislerkhaislerk2013-10-22 15:14:49+00:002013-10-22 15:14:49updated121haislerkhaislerk2013-10-22 15:12:14+00:002013-10-22 15:12:14updated120haislerkhaislerk2013-10-22 15:09:22+00:002013-10-22 15:09:22updated119mbelyakombelyako2013-10-21 23:34:18+00:002013-10-21 23:34:18updated118Nicole Hill-Sexual section imagenhill19nhill192013-10-21 21:24:41+00:002013-10-21 21:24:41updated117ashleydgashleydg2013-10-21 03:25:30+00:002013-10-21 03:25:30updated116ashleydgashleydg2013-10-21 03:10:58+00:002013-10-21 03:10:58updated115ashleydgashleydg2013-10-21 03:10:24+00:002013-10-21 03:10:24updated114edited articlejsafkojsafko2013-10-21 02:54:30+00:002013-10-21 02:54:30updated113zaki007zaki0072013-10-21 02:11:44+00:002013-10-21 02:11:44updated112edit 5: added clarifying remarks to paragraphjlri228jlri2282013-10-21 01:21:06+00:002013-10-21 01:21:06updated111Edit4:added section on Darkling Beetles jlri228jlri2282013-10-21 01:19:21+00:002013-10-21 01:19:21updated110edit 3:having issues getting the edits to save... maybe someone is undoing them? But I reorder and color coded the pagejlri228jlri2282013-10-21 00:53:54+00:002013-10-21 00:53:54updated109edit 2: changes to page layout and reordered the sections of page... jlri228jlri2282013-10-21 00:51:06+00:002013-10-21 00:51:06updated108proofreadingbscurrybscurry2013-10-21 00:51:06+00:002013-10-21 00:51:06updated107edit 1: major organizational changes to title, flow and order of contentjlri228jlri2282013-10-21 00:43:28+00:002013-10-21 00:43:28updated106mayabasumayabasu2013-10-21 00:38:36+00:002013-10-21 00:38:36updated105Added article about human sexual selectionjkabacijkabaci2013-10-20 23:49:22+00:002013-10-20 23:49:22updated104jkabacijkabaci2013-10-20 23:48:55+00:002013-10-20 23:48:55updated103tgetztgetz2013-10-20 23:21:16+00:002013-10-20 23:21:16updated102typo, article additionkkogantikkoganti2013-10-20 22:10:46+00:002013-10-20 22:10:46updated101rachel08rachel082013-10-20 21:37:20+00:002013-10-20 21:37:20updated100rachel08rachel082013-10-20 21:36:35+00:002013-10-20 21:36:35updated99added budding hydra photohaliejhaliej2013-10-18 18:18:38+00:002013-10-18 18:18:38updated98rewording and grammarhaliejhaliej2013-10-18 18:16:37+00:002013-10-18 18:16:37updated97chersh93chersh932013-10-18 16:19:29+00:002013-10-18 16:19:29updated96gloriaszgloriasz2013-10-18 13:16:41+00:002013-10-18 13:16:41updated95gloriaszgloriasz2013-10-18 13:15:17+00:002013-10-18 13:15:17updated94gloriaszgloriasz2013-10-18 13:15:03+00:002013-10-18 13:15:03updated93tcard4tcard42013-10-18 02:58:18+00:002013-10-18 02:58:18updated92tbrownetbrowne2013-10-17 20:33:56+00:002013-10-17 20:33:56updated91eyang13eyang132013-10-17 01:26:09+00:002013-10-17 01:26:09updated90abutchabutch2013-10-16 21:34:28+00:002013-10-16 21:34:28updated89najjar22najjar222013-10-16 19:24:58+00:002013-10-16 19:24:58updated88mendyhmendyh2013-10-15 01:29:57+00:002013-10-15 01:29:57updated87henkhenk2013-10-14 19:09:35+00:002013-10-14 19:09:35updated86Nicole Hill- Sexual Selection nhill19nhill192013-10-14 15:52:29+00:002013-10-14 15:52:29updated85karlin14karlin142013-10-14 15:33:23+00:002013-10-14 15:33:23updated84add video of praying mantisduggan91duggan912013-10-14 14:42:34+00:002013-10-14 14:42:34updated83tbrownetbrowne2013-10-14 04:53:36+00:002013-10-14 04:53:36updated82I took out bullet points in two sections and made them into paragraphswtownewtowne2013-10-14 03:50:38+00:002013-10-14 03:50:38updated81jnunez26jnunez262013-10-14 03:47:53+00:002013-10-14 03:47:53updated80added explanation of behavioral intersexual selectionjnunez26jnunez262013-10-14 03:42:14+00:002013-10-14 03:42:14updated79enanovenanov2013-10-14 03:34:16+00:002013-10-14 03:34:16updated78glynchglynch2013-10-14 03:08:05+00:002013-10-14 03:08:05updated77mreutermreuter2013-10-13 15:20:02+00:002013-10-13 15:20:02updated76tabedintabedin2013-10-13 01:33:19+00:002013-10-13 01:33:19updated75gloriaszgloriasz2013-10-12 13:06:48+00:002013-10-12 13:06:48updated74gloriaszgloriasz2013-10-12 13:06:23+00:002013-10-12 13:06:23updated73sydneyb9sydneyb92013-10-10 20:12:10+00:002013-10-10 20:12:10updated72reemap26reemap262013-10-10 20:11:30+00:002013-10-10 20:11:30updated71sydneyb9sydneyb92013-10-10 20:11:17+00:002013-10-10 20:11:17updated70eyang13eyang132013-10-10 14:46:22+00:002013-10-10 14:46:22updated69tcard4tcard42013-10-09 17:55:08+00:002013-10-09 17:55:08updated68leeshahkimLeeshah Kim2013-10-09 12:32:11+00:002013-10-09 12:32:11updated67leeshahkimLeeshah Kim2013-10-09 12:30:49+00:002013-10-09 12:30:49updated66achenachen2013-10-09 04:20:44+00:002013-10-09 04:20:44updated65kristy7kristy72013-10-09 00:27:36+00:002013-10-09 00:27:36updated64kristy7kristy72013-10-09 00:26:41+00:002013-10-09 00:26:41updated63ahakimahakim2013-10-07 03:40:11+00:002013-10-07 03:40:11updated62abarton6abarton62013-10-07 02:19:58+00:002013-10-07 02:19:58updated61edwards9edwards92013-10-07 02:16:24+00:002013-10-07 02:16:24updated60Sexual Coercion linkbennywbennyw2013-10-07 01:04:26+00:002013-10-07 01:04:26updated59Added link and formatting for Traumatic Inseminationbennywbennyw2013-10-07 01:02:54+00:002013-10-07 01:02:54updated58Grammatical errors under selective selection and added bullets to intrasexual selection instead of dashes to match selective selection layout.jnunez26jnunez262013-10-07 00:57:35+00:002013-10-07 00:57:35updated57nikra91nikra912013-10-06 23:55:35+00:002013-10-06 23:55:35updated56Rearranged and made small word revisionslauren91lauren912013-10-06 23:50:04+00:002013-10-06 23:50:04updated55kde04kde042013-10-06 19:44:05+00:002013-10-06 19:44:05updated54xjwork17xjwork172013-10-06 18:49:35+00:002013-10-06 18:49:35updated53Added the link at the bottom describing sexual selection in ducksmanikmanik2013-10-06 18:03:03+00:002013-10-06 18:03:03updated52mbelyakombelyako2013-10-06 01:56:41+00:002013-10-06 01:56:41updated51tvashitvashi2013-10-05 15:04:51+00:002013-10-05 15:04:51updated50samponssampons2013-10-05 06:10:31+00:002013-10-05 06:10:31updated49shree7shree72013-10-04 20:55:34+00:002013-10-04 20:55:34updated48kehoekkehoek2013-10-04 20:51:04+00:002013-10-04 20:51:04updated47ybonillaybonilla2013-10-04 19:52:22+00:002013-10-04 19:52:22updated46gloriaszgloriasz2013-10-04 15:45:14+00:002013-10-04 15:45:14updated45gloriaszgloriasz2013-10-04 15:40:30+00:002013-10-04 15:40:30updated44Organizationddphanddphan2013-10-03 15:13:06+00:002013-10-03 15:13:06updated43Added tag - hotachenachen2013-10-03 15:13:03+00:002013-10-03 15:13:03addTag42achenachen2013-10-02 20:33:06+00:002013-10-02 20:33:06updated41melissa4melissa42013-09-28 07:23:36+00:002013-09-28 07:23:36updated40Added tag - sexual selectionahakimahakim2013-09-26 21:00:24+00:002013-09-26 21:00:24addTag39Removed tag - intersexualahakimahakim2013-09-26 21:00:10+00:002013-09-26 21:00:10removeTag38Added tag - lek matingahakimahakim2013-09-26 20:58:29+00:002013-09-26 20:58:29addTag37Added tag - mating systemsahakimahakim2013-09-26 20:58:15+00:002013-09-26 20:58:15addTag36Added tag - sexual conflictahakimahakim2013-09-26 20:58:03+00:002013-09-26 20:58:03addTag35Added tag - intersexualahakimahakim2013-09-26 20:57:46+00:002013-09-26 20:57:46addTag34Added tag - reproductionahakimahakim2013-09-26 20:57:35+00:002013-09-26 20:57:35addTag33ahakimahakim2013-09-26 20:54:12+00:002013-09-26 20:54:12updated32Added new section on Leksmbelyakombelyako2013-09-26 01:28:39+00:002013-09-26 01:28:39updated31kevinmkkevinmk2013-09-23 13:10:19+00:002013-09-23 13:10:19updated30ebythekkebythekk2013-09-23 00:40:08+00:002013-09-23 00:40:08updated29csharmacsharma2013-09-19 20:26:51+00:002013-09-19 20:26:51updated28mbelyakombelyako2013-09-19 17:21:52+00:002013-09-19 17:21:52updated27mbelyakombelyako2013-09-19 17:18:57+00:002013-09-19 17:18:57updated26Added a new section: reproductive strategiesmbelyakombelyako2013-09-19 17:18:40+00:002013-09-19 17:18:40updated25Added more information on the benefits of asexual reproduction and sexual reproductionmbelyakombelyako2013-09-19 17:11:36+00:002013-09-19 17:11:36updated24ekeatingekeating2013-09-17 20:04:20+00:002013-09-17 20:04:20updated23Added tag - selectionearly312early3122013-09-17 15:05:43+00:002013-09-17 15:05:43addTag22early312early3122013-09-16 16:25:50+00:002013-09-16 16:25:50updated21henkhenk2013-09-16 14:56:31+00:002013-09-16 14:56:31updated20kdv11kdv112013-09-16 12:56:55+00:002013-09-16 12:56:55updated19dragonfly example addedduggan91duggan912013-09-16 05:26:47+00:002013-09-16 05:26:47updated18skanman3skanman32013-09-15 21:27:08+00:002013-09-15 21:27:08updated17rwstrongrwstrong2013-09-15 21:07:40+00:002013-09-15 21:07:40updated16smarte18smarte182013-09-15 21:05:21+00:002013-09-15 21:05:21updated15smarte18smarte182013-09-15 20:55:26+00:002013-09-15 20:55:26updated14corrected spelling and formatted pagejlri228jlri2282013-09-15 20:45:08+00:002013-09-15 20:45:08updated13jlri228jlri2282013-09-15 20:43:20+00:002013-09-15 20:43:20updated12For my second post for the week, I outlined a few types of sexual conflict and embedded youtube videos to explain the corresponding types of sexual conflict jlri228jlri2282013-09-15 20:41:56+00:002013-09-15 20:41:56updated11jlri228jlri2282013-09-15 20:25:03+00:002013-09-15 20:25:03updated10added links to outside sources to further explain sexual conflict jlri228jlri2282013-09-15 20:24:31+00:002013-09-15 20:24:31updated9added a paragraph on sexual conflictjlri228jlri2282013-09-15 20:21:03+00:002013-09-15 20:21:03updated8Added a few words in sexual reproduction to make sense pkyungpkyung2013-09-15 03:53:42+00:002013-09-15 03:53:42updated7Introduced topic of comparing sexual to asexual selectionmbelyakombelyako2013-09-15 03:30:30+00:002013-09-15 03:30:30updated6asian108asian1082013-09-14 03:29:23+00:002013-09-14 03:29:23updated5kevinmkkevinmk2013-09-14 02:04:59+00:002013-09-14 02:04:59updated4bjenk07bjenk072013-09-14 02:02:49+00:002013-09-14 02:02:49updated3naa92naa922013-09-14 01:17:00+00:002013-09-14 01:17:00updated2First creatednaa92naa922013-09-14 01:12:48+00:002013-09-14 01:12:48created1wiki2013-11-25T03:26:27+00:00groups/evol3000/wiki/543e6FalseSexual Selection/Conflict/groups/evol3000/wiki/543e6/Sexual_SelectionConflict.htmlmayabasu224 updatesSexual Selection/Conflict Sexual selection is a mode of selection that operates on an organism's ability to obtain a mate. Sexual selection allows some individuals to out com...Falsemayabasu2013-11-25T03:26:27+00:00Repairing bad index entrymayabasumayabasu2015-01-22 13:55:44+00:002015-01-22 13:55:44updated144Repairing bad index entrymayabasumayabasu2015-01-22 13:28:23+00:002015-01-22 13:28:23updated143mayabasumayabasu2013-11-25 03:23:57+00:002013-11-25 03:23:57updated142Linked "slot limits"rbaskin1rbaskin12013-11-25 03:19:05+00:002013-11-25 03:19:05updated141grammar/syntax and a linkrbaskin1rbaskin12013-11-25 03:16:06+00:002013-11-25 03:16:06updated140Linked hip displacia in caninesrbaskin1rbaskin12013-11-25 03:12:24+00:002013-11-25 03:12:24updated139Added tag - domesticated animalsrachel08rachel082013-11-25 03:09:53+00:002013-11-25 03:09:53addTag138rachel08rachel082013-11-25 02:56:50+00:002013-11-25 02:56:50updated137rachel08rachel082013-11-25 02:53:13+00:002013-11-25 02:53:13updated136eyang13eyang132013-11-22 18:06:03+00:002013-11-22 18:06:03updated135xjwork17xjwork172013-11-21 23:51:06+00:002013-11-21 23:51:06updated134sydneyb9sydneyb92013-11-21 22:26:31+00:002013-11-21 22:26:31updated133improving contentbscurrybscurry2013-11-21 05:40:28+00:002013-11-21 05:40:28updated132xjwork17xjwork172013-11-14 22:08:51+00:002013-11-14 22:08:51updated131tbrownetbrowne2013-11-14 17:23:39+00:002013-11-14 17:23:39updated130dmwilsondmwilson2013-11-14 17:17:14+00:002013-11-14 17:17:14updated129tcard4tcard42013-11-14 03:18:52+00:002013-11-14 03:18:52updated128bjenk07bjenk072013-11-14 02:14:57+00:002013-11-14 02:14:57updated127dmwilsondmwilson2013-11-13 18:53:43+00:002013-11-13 18:53:43updated126tvashitvashi2013-11-13 16:12:56+00:002013-11-13 16:12:56updated125added a pictureksuf615ksuf6152013-11-12 16:14:10+00:002013-11-12 16:14:10updated124lgcarterlgcarter2013-11-12 15:44:28+00:002013-11-12 15:44:28updated123mbrdgmnmbrdgmn2013-11-10 23:25:59+00:002013-11-10 23:25:59updated122xjwork17xjwork172013-11-10 22:40:45+00:002013-11-10 22:40:45updated121samponssampons2013-11-10 22:36:35+00:002013-11-10 22:36:35updated120rachel08rachel082013-11-10 22:32:31+00:002013-11-10 22:32:31updated119re320re3202013-11-10 01:52:26+00:002013-11-10 01:52:26updated118edawg16edawg162013-11-09 23:21:00+00:002013-11-09 23:21:00updated117changed format of text to make information easier to read and interpretedawg16edawg162013-11-09 23:20:27+00:002013-11-09 23:20:27updated116deerandeeran2013-11-09 03:52:40+00:002013-11-09 03:52:40updated115improved wordingbscurrybscurry2013-11-07 23:32:57+00:002013-11-07 23:32:57updated114achenachen2013-11-04 15:54:03+00:002013-11-04 15:54:03updated113ashleyjwashleyjw2013-11-04 04:24:53+00:002013-11-04 04:24:53updated112abarton6abarton62013-11-04 00:00:40+00:002013-11-04 00:00:40updated111alomasalomas2013-11-03 23:41:15+00:002013-11-03 23:41:15updated110kdsouza9kdsouza92013-11-03 23:35:06+00:002013-11-03 23:35:06updated109tvashitvashi2013-11-03 19:17:24+00:002013-11-03 19:17:24updated108achenachen2013-11-01 22:23:27+00:002013-11-01 22:23:27updated107gloriaszgloriasz2013-11-01 02:12:10+00:002013-11-01 02:12:10updated106liishiiliishii2013-11-01 02:02:40+00:002013-11-01 02:02:40updated105liishiiliishii2013-11-01 02:02:37+00:002013-11-01 02:02:37updated104naa92naa922013-10-31 16:46:04+00:002013-10-31 16:46:04updated103mpattmpatt2013-10-31 15:29:45+00:002013-10-31 15:29:45updated102ybonillaybonilla2013-10-31 13:38:40+00:002013-10-31 13:38:40updated101ybonillaybonilla2013-10-31 13:37:04+00:002013-10-31 13:37:04updated100kde04kde042013-10-31 10:45:54+00:002013-10-31 10:45:54updated99kde04kde042013-10-31 10:43:23+00:002013-10-31 10:43:23updated98tabedintabedin2013-10-27 21:51:03+00:002013-10-27 21:51:03updated97dmdauerdmdauer2013-10-21 03:01:21+00:002013-10-21 03:01:21updated96grammarjsafkojsafko2013-10-21 02:58:41+00:002013-10-21 02:58:41updated95edwards9edwards92013-10-21 02:01:36+00:002013-10-21 02:01:36updated94kehoekkehoek2013-10-11 23:24:21+00:002013-10-11 23:24:21updated93casef10casef102013-10-11 22:44:37+00:002013-10-11 22:44:37updated92leeshahkimLeeshah Kim2013-10-11 14:54:41+00:002013-10-11 14:54:41updated91gloriaszgloriasz2013-10-11 14:49:27+00:002013-10-11 14:49:27updated90gloriaszgloriasz2013-10-11 14:47:01+00:002013-10-11 14:47:01updated89added information on farm animals sectionmbelyakombelyako2013-10-10 18:18:28+00:002013-10-10 18:18:28updated88Organization of headersddphanddphan2013-10-10 15:12:14+00:002013-10-10 15:12:14updated87formattingmia2016mia20162013-10-09 17:26:10+00:002013-10-09 17:26:10updated86snoccersnoccer2013-10-09 14:23:28+00:002013-10-09 14:23:28updated85writer44writer442013-10-09 02:43:09+00:002013-10-09 02:43:09updated84cslidecslide2013-10-07 03:06:22+00:002013-10-07 03:06:22updated83nkamnkam2013-10-02 17:35:04+00:002013-10-02 17:35:04updated82nkamnkam2013-10-02 17:34:02+00:002013-10-02 17:34:02updated81nkamnkam2013-10-02 17:32:47+00:002013-10-02 17:32:47updated80made some formatting changesmia2016mia20162013-10-01 20:57:32+00:002013-10-01 20:57:32updated79lcaplanlcaplan2013-10-01 02:54:04+00:002013-10-01 02:54:04updated78kevinmkkevinmk2013-09-30 21:51:42+00:002013-09-30 21:51:42updated77bjenk07bjenk072013-09-30 21:51:19+00:002013-09-30 21:51:19updated76bjenk07bjenk072013-09-30 21:50:08+00:002013-09-30 21:50:08updated75bjenk07bjenk072013-09-30 21:37:01+00:002013-09-30 21:37:01updated74dogs ccranccran2013-09-30 06:47:11+00:002013-09-30 06:47:11updated73added under food sectionginasanginasan2013-09-30 02:49:36+00:002013-09-30 02:49:36updated72cslidecslide2013-09-30 02:04:52+00:002013-09-30 02:04:52updated71grammatical changes jlri228jlri2282013-09-30 01:23:25+00:002013-09-30 01:23:25updated70ybonillaybonilla2013-09-29 23:27:17+00:002013-09-29 23:27:17updated69ybonillaybonilla2013-09-29 23:26:30+00:002013-09-29 23:26:30updated68ybonillaybonilla2013-09-29 23:24:52+00:002013-09-29 23:24:52updated67added info about killer beesbscurrybscurry2013-09-29 19:26:11+00:002013-09-29 19:26:11updated66fgkatzfgkatz2013-09-29 15:09:03+00:002013-09-29 15:09:03updated65kkogantikkoganti2013-09-29 02:17:35+00:002013-09-29 02:17:35updated64shree7shree72013-09-28 22:59:28+00:002013-09-28 22:59:28updated63alomasalomas2013-09-28 01:16:23+00:002013-09-28 01:16:23updated62gloriaszgloriasz2013-09-27 12:14:14+00:002013-09-27 12:14:14updated61added cat photo and bit about hypoallergenic and hairless specieshaliejhaliej2013-09-27 03:32:40+00:002013-09-27 03:32:40updated60edited/ cut/ rephrased *** section about dog inbreedinghaliejhaliej2013-09-27 03:20:10+00:002013-09-27 03:20:10updated59kristy7kristy72013-09-26 23:36:25+00:002013-09-26 23:36:25updated58gloriaszgloriasz2013-09-26 20:51:22+00:002013-09-26 20:51:22updated57rtalleyrtalley2013-09-26 15:57:14+00:002013-09-26 15:57:14updated56Added Examples from classddphanddphan2013-09-26 15:13:29+00:002013-09-26 15:13:29updated55added to dog sectiontcard4tcard42013-09-26 00:44:23+00:002013-09-26 00:44:23updated54achenachen2013-09-26 00:34:28+00:002013-09-26 00:34:28updated53reorganized a little bitlauren91lauren912013-09-24 17:23:33+00:002013-09-24 17:23:33updated52bpcroftbpcroft2013-09-24 13:28:11+00:002013-09-24 13:28:11updated51rwstrongrwstrong2013-09-24 03:19:39+00:002013-09-24 03:19:39updated50rwstrongrwstrong2013-09-24 03:02:24+00:002013-09-24 03:02:24updated49achenachen2013-09-23 22:11:53+00:002013-09-23 22:11:53updated48leeshahkimLeeshah Kim2013-09-23 22:08:58+00:002013-09-23 22:08:58updated47talathitalathi2013-09-23 20:51:07+00:002013-09-23 20:51:07updated46added detail to breeders equationduggan91duggan912013-09-23 15:00:22+00:002013-09-23 15:00:22updated45added link to bbc documentary on selective breeding in dogs jlri228jlri2282013-09-22 23:37:20+00:002013-09-22 23:37:20updated44sgamachesgamache2013-09-22 15:29:06+00:002013-09-22 15:29:06updated43grammarspenc90spenc902013-09-22 15:19:21+00:002013-09-22 15:19:21updated42sgamachesgamache2013-09-22 15:16:21+00:002013-09-22 15:16:21updated41kkogantikkoganti2013-09-22 03:35:05+00:002013-09-22 03:35:05updated40kkogantikkoganti2013-09-22 03:34:06+00:002013-09-22 03:34:06updated39Clarified that before genes were known about farmers still knew that some beneficial traits would be passed on to offspring. Saying that farmers intentionally bred cattle for traits but "unintentially utilized heretiablity" doesn't make senseadwomackadwomack2013-09-22 02:51:33+00:002013-09-22 02:51:33updated38general polishing and added additional informationbscurrybscurry2013-09-22 00:59:56+00:002013-09-22 00:59:56updated37asian108asian1082013-09-21 01:40:14+00:002013-09-21 01:40:14updated36kehoekkehoek2013-09-20 20:49:41+00:002013-09-20 20:49:41updated35added article link about Uga and description from the NY timeshaliejhaliej2013-09-20 20:09:00+00:002013-09-20 20:09:00updated34added bulldog transformation imagehaliejhaliej2013-09-20 20:05:10+00:002013-09-20 20:05:10updated33shaque3shaque32013-09-20 16:31:33+00:002013-09-20 16:31:33updated32alomasalomas2013-09-20 16:04:50+00:002013-09-20 16:04:50updated31henkhenk2013-09-20 14:43:48+00:002013-09-20 14:43:48updated30edited disease heterogeneity, added fox domestication studylauren91lauren912013-09-20 03:32:15+00:002013-09-20 03:32:15updated29kristy7kristy72013-09-20 02:44:56+00:002013-09-20 02:44:56updated28bevinbbevinb2013-09-20 01:15:42+00:002013-09-20 01:15:42updated27gloriaszgloriasz2013-09-20 00:34:06+00:002013-09-20 00:34:06updated26Added to FOODccranccran2013-09-19 21:08:37+00:002013-09-19 21:08:37updated25csharmacsharma2013-09-19 20:28:52+00:002013-09-19 20:28:52updated24added examplespjung24pjung242013-09-19 17:04:39+00:002013-09-19 17:04:39updated23bpcroftbpcroft2013-09-19 15:27:36+00:002013-09-19 15:27:36updated22karlin14karlin142013-09-19 15:16:14+00:002013-09-19 15:16:14updated21karlin14karlin142013-09-19 15:15:06+00:002013-09-19 15:15:06updated20Added Breeder's equationddphanddphan2013-09-19 15:07:05+00:002013-09-19 15:07:05updated19karlin14karlin142013-09-19 15:06:11+00:002013-09-19 15:06:11updated18kncox14kncox142013-09-19 14:23:30+00:002013-09-19 14:23:30updated17eyang13eyang132013-09-19 14:07:15+00:002013-09-19 14:07:15updated16eyang13eyang132013-09-19 13:59:54+00:002013-09-19 13:59:54updated15cass16cass162013-09-18 15:15:30+00:002013-09-18 15:15:30updated14mayabasumayabasu2013-09-18 14:59:37+00:002013-09-18 14:59:37updated13mendyhmendyh2013-09-18 14:33:25+00:002013-09-18 14:33:25updated12added bulldog stuff and fun fact about dog phenotypeslauren91lauren912013-09-18 03:10:55+00:002013-09-18 03:10:55updated11ekeatingekeating2013-09-17 20:00:37+00:002013-09-17 20:00:37updated10added a factmia2016mia20162013-09-17 19:30:50+00:002013-09-17 19:30:50updated9mia2016mia20162013-09-17 19:28:11+00:002013-09-17 19:28:11updated8artificial selection in dogsmattbossmattboss2013-09-17 15:12:03+00:002013-09-17 15:12:03updated7Added tag - selectionddphanddphan2013-09-17 15:06:02+00:002013-09-17 15:06:02addTag6Created Pageddphanddphan2013-09-17 15:02:53+00:002013-09-17 15:02:53updated5Added tag - artificial selectionddphanddphan2013-09-17 14:55:15+00:002013-09-17 14:55:15addTag4Added tag - selective breedingddphanddphan2013-09-17 14:55:09+00:002013-09-17 14:55:09addTag3Added tag - hotddphanddphan2013-09-17 14:55:04+00:002013-09-17 14:55:04addTag2First createdddphanddphan2013-09-17 14:55:00+00:002013-09-17 14:55:00created1wiki2013-11-25T03:23:57+00:00groups/evol3000/wiki/ce8b9FalseSelective Breeding or Artificial Selection/groups/evol3000/wiki/ce8b9/Selective_Breeding_or_Artificial_Selection.htmlmayabasu144 updatesSelective Breeding or Artificial Selection Artificial Selection is a form of selection in which humans actively choose which traits should be passed onto offspring. Humans have used selec...Falsemayabasu2013-11-25T03:23:57+00:00edit 9: formatting to the page... " articles, videos and diagrams section .. also added video about richard dawkinsjlri228jlri2282013-11-24 22:30:49+00:002013-11-24 22:30:49updated27added articlekkogantikkoganti2013-11-24 18:41:25+00:002013-11-24 18:41:25updated26grammarjsafkojsafko2013-10-27 21:18:58+00:002013-10-27 21:18:58updated25jnguyen1jnguyen12013-10-26 04:24:43+00:002013-10-26 04:24:43updated24jnguyen1jnguyen12013-10-26 04:23:32+00:002013-10-26 04:23:32updated23kehoekkehoek2013-10-25 19:56:42+00:002013-10-25 19:56:42updated22achenachen2013-10-24 21:34:03+00:002013-10-24 21:34:03updated21rewording and grammarhaliejhaliej2013-10-24 19:17:33+00:002013-10-24 19:17:33updated20grammar to parasite manipulate paragraphhaliejhaliej2013-10-24 19:16:59+00:002013-10-24 19:16:59updated19kristy7kristy72013-10-24 03:11:46+00:002013-10-24 03:11:46updated18Removed tag - phenotypeksuf615ksuf6152013-10-23 17:57:20+00:002013-10-23 17:57:20removeTag17Added tag - richard dawkinsksuf615ksuf6152013-10-23 17:57:09+00:002013-10-23 17:57:09addTag16Removed tag - dawkinsksuf615ksuf6152013-10-23 17:57:01+00:002013-10-23 17:57:01removeTag15added tags to pageksuf615ksuf6152013-10-22 15:20:17+00:002013-10-22 15:20:17updated14Added tag - dawkinsddphanddphan2013-10-22 15:20:06+00:002013-10-22 15:20:06addTag13Added tag - extended phenotypeddphanddphan2013-10-22 15:19:52+00:002013-10-22 15:19:52addTag12Organizationddphanddphan2013-10-22 15:04:17+00:002013-10-22 15:04:17updated11mayabasumayabasu2013-10-21 00:37:10+00:002013-10-21 00:37:10updated10typos, elaborationkkogantikkoganti2013-10-20 21:11:02+00:002013-10-20 21:11:02updated9added the 2nd and 3rd examples of EP described by Dawkinsjnunez26jnunez262013-10-20 18:20:05+00:002013-10-20 18:20:05updated8minor adjustments to 1st example of EPjnunez26jnunez262013-10-20 18:00:57+00:002013-10-20 18:00:57updated7added a pic of Dawkin's book and 1st example of EP that he describesjnunez26jnunez262013-10-20 17:55:12+00:002013-10-20 17:55:12updated6alomasalomas2013-10-20 14:19:09+00:002013-10-20 14:19:09updated5Created Pageddphanddphan2013-10-19 19:29:00+00:002013-10-19 19:29:00updated4Added tag - hotddphanddphan2013-10-19 19:28:59+00:002013-10-19 19:28:59addTag3Added tag - phenotypeddphanddphan2013-10-19 19:28:58+00:002013-10-19 19:28:58addTag2First createdddphanddphan2013-10-19 19:23:37+00:002013-10-19 19:23:37created1wiki2013-11-24T22:30:49+00:00groups/evol3000/wiki/94a1aFalseExtended Phenotype/groups/evol3000/wiki/94a1a/Extended_Phenotype.htmljlri22827 updatesExtended Phenotype An extended phenotype includes all of the traits that an organism has that can influence its fitness; the extended phenotype can include structures t...Falsejlri2282013-11-24T22:30:49+00:00hot/groups/evol3000/search/index.rss?sort=modifiedDate&kind=all&sortDirection=reverse&excludePages=wiki/welcomelist/groups/evol3000/search/?sort=modifiedDate&kind=all&sortDirection=reverse&excludePages=wiki/welcomeRecent ChangesRecentChangesListUpdates?sort=modifiedDate&kind=all&sortDirection=reverse&excludePages=wiki/welcome0/groups/evol3000/sidebar/RecentChangesListmodifiedDateallRecent ChangesRecentChangesListUpdateswiki/welcomeNo recent changes.reverse5searchlist/groups/evol3000/calendar/Upcoming EventsUpcomingEventsListEvents1Getting events…