Viral Evolution

Origins of Viruses/ Viral Transmission


Virus Origins: There is a lot of debate on this topic, but scientists have developed a few proposed hypotheses for the origin of viruses:

  • The Progressive Hypothesis: Viruses originated from the evolution of mobile genetic elements that gained the ability to move between cells.
  • The Regressive Hypothesis: Viruses evolved from more complex free-living organisms that lost genetic material as they adapted to a parasitic approach to reproduction.
  • The Virus-First Hypothesis: Viruses existed before cells as self replicating units that eventually became more complex and may have led to the rise of the first cells. Also known as the coevolution hypothesis.
Types of Transmission:
  • Droplet (sneezing/coughing)
  • Vector (example: mosquitos are a vector for several diseases such as malaria and dengue fever)
  • Airborne (inhaling) (examples: rhinovirus, influenza A virus)
  • Waterborne (from infected water, such as cholera, botulism, dysentery)
  • "Sit-and-Wait" (example: smallpox)
  • Sexual (HIV, HPV, chlamydia)
  • Fecal-oral (poliovirus, hepatits A virus)
Here is an article on routes for the spread of infectious disease.


Virulence Trade-off Hypothesis: More virulent pathogens grow more quickly within the host, and therefore overwhelm and kill the host faster. These viruses can still increase in frequency as long as the pathogen can transmit itself to a new host, whether it be before or after the host dies. However, a virus that kills the host too quickly may not be able to spread as much. Therefore, other types of diseases may out-compete it. A virulent virus is harmful to the host, takes less time to spread, and is less likely to spread. A less virulent virus is less harmful to host, but has more time to spread, and is more likely to spread. Therefore, viruses areconstantly changing due to their own characteristics, their interaction with the host, and the environment the host is in. Densely populated areas and air travel have made it easier for more virulent diseases to spread. For example the ebola virus is severely virulent but it rips through populations so quickly that it rarely spreads out of the original geographic region. On the other hand a virus such as influenza can spread throughout a population easier because it is less virulent and allows the host more time to come into connect with other potential hosts.

  • Here is an article explaining how the flu virus may be mutating to increase transmissibility.


A cool simulation of virulence is the smartphone app Plague Inc. It is super fun and lets you engineer a disease with the goal of wiping out the human population. It appears to have been based on the online game Pandemic II, another game in which you engineer an apocalyptic disease. The strategy involves a balance between virulence and infectivity -- you can't let your disease become too lethal, too fast or else you risk people reacting to the illness and finding a cure. Furthermore, if your disease is too deadly, it becomes difficult for it to spread before killing its host. This level of strategy mirrors the difficulty a virus could have in surviving and spreading in real life.


It is important to understand why viruses are so harmful and why their evolution is so quick. A virus that has a high chance of surviving must be able to transmit from host to host and must be able to replicate quickly. There are balances and intermediates to these criteria of surviving. For example, if the virus replicates too quickly, it can kill the host before the host can transmit the virus. The ideal virus will weaken the host, but not kill it so it can still transmit the disease. Urbanization has made transmission easier for viruses to survive, replicate, and evolve. Evolution happens by the many mutations that happen when replicating the genome.

Infecting a Host

It is important to understand the basics of how viruses infect host (ex: bacteria) They do so by incorporating their DNA into the host's DNA. They can then go into one of two different phases: the Lytic Cycle or the Lysogenic cycle.

Lytic - This is where the phage DNA circularizes to form its own plasmid and uses the proteins for transcription and translation in the host cell to make new phages. This continues until the host cell is lysed and releases the newly formed phages.

Lysogenic - once the phage DNA is incorporated into the cell it then binds and becomes part of the hosts DNA. It inserts itself into the hosts plasmid DNA and can then lay "dormant" for as many cell cycles as needed. This happens based on factors that would not favor the production of new viruses. This can be part of the genome for many generations.The important thing about this cycle is that it can then propagate its progeny.

Here is a video that explains each type of viral propagation/replication.

Diagram to help you understand better:

Lytic and Lysogenic Cycle

Co-infection

If a highly pathogenic form of a virus from a different animal host and is able to infect a human, and it is able to recombine DNA with the human strain of the virus, this can lead to a very pathogenic new virus. The animal strain is able to combine its pathogenesis with the ability to successfully infect humans from the human strain, thus creating an incredibly virulent new strain.
Example: evolution of bird flu (can be very virulent strains)

Viral Reassortment - Occurs when genetic material from 2 or more different strains of a virus combine within a single host producing often dangerous new strains. A common example is the bird flu reassorting with the human influenza, enabling the bird flu to infect the human genome.

  • There is usually a trade-off between the virulence of a virus strain and it's ability to transmit itself effectively. The more virulent a strain is, the less likely it is able to infect another organism before it kills it's current host. However, viral reassortment can produce strains that are both very virulent and capable of transmitting between hosts; leading to a deadly combination.
  • This can occur when a strain from a different species reassorts with a strain that is already infectious to a human host, producing a completely new strain.
  • A common example of this is the seasonal influenza virus, which explains why people who get the flu vaccine, may still be succeptible to new strains.
  • Here is a video that shows the process of viral reassortment
  • example: H1N1 virus. This virus that infected and harmed many people a few years ago came from the co-infection of a pig strain and a human strain.
Videos, Articles, and Diagrams
  • A good website describing the basics of viral evolution can be found here.
  • Vaccine Vigilance. This article is directly related to our lecture over the evolution of medicine and how the evolution of viruses and other pathogens directly causes the evolution of vaccinations and medicine we use. This article discusses the option of creating a better vaccine for a "more virulent malaria."
  • Predicting HIV drug response: Click Here!!
  • How the flu evolves so quickly, and how a vaccine could be developed that would last for longer than a year.
  • Here is video the explains the evolution of viruses, as well as host invasion, and viral mutations.
  • This video talks about the evolution of virus mutations as well as the transmission of viruses, their propagation, and their resilience.
  • This article explains viral evolution, and it displays a good example of HIV and influenza viruses.
  • Here is a great video giving the example of H1N1 virus transformation.
  • This video to gives you an informal, but informative look into what a virus is and how it behaves.
  • Viruses such as Ebola do not necessarily take a direct path in infecting hosts. The virus is normally transmitted thorough multiple vectors of differing species before affecting humans. Once a human is affected, the body has little time to receive treatment before the victim is compromised. Usually it consists of necrosis and bleeding out through the eyes, ears, and any other bodily opening.
  • A very interesting view on viral evolution.
  • This article explains viral evolution and details that all RNA viruses have about the same mutation rate, which leads to much change.
  • Here is a video about the flu of 1918 and how and why it was so deadly.
  • This page discusses the 1918 flu
  • This article talks about the idea of a universal vaccine that can protect individuals from multiple strains of influenza. The way this vaccine would work is by provoking the body to create antibodies that target the stems of surface proteins on viruses instead of the surface proteins themselves, as the stem proteins change very little compared to the surface proteins. Scientists have been able to create antibodies that attach to the stems and protect against multiple strains in mice.
  • http://www.learner.org/courses/biology/textbook/hiv/hiv_4.html This website shows the life cycle of HIV.

Comments

/groups/evol3000/search/index.rss?tag=hotlist/groups/evol3000/search/?tag=hotWhat’s HotHotListHot!?tag=hot14/groups/evol3000/sidebar/HotListliishiiliishii2013-12-10 01:58:20+00:002013-12-10 01:58:20updated159smithasmitha2013-11-25 00:37:02+00:002013-11-25 00:37:02updated158edit8: added a like to the course evaluations on this page jlri228jlri2282013-11-24 22:26:27+00:002013-11-24 22:26:27updated157edit7: removed duplicate "human evolution page" and transferred content to original "human evolution pagejlri228jlri2282013-11-24 22:24:02+00:002013-11-24 22:24:02updated156moved the oxytocin link in the other random pages in order to keep the alphabetical order jlri228jlri2282013-11-24 21:41:40+00:002013-11-24 21:41:40updated155melissa4melissa42013-11-19 02:34:17+00:002013-11-19 02:34:17updated154eidt11: kept the alphabetical order of the "other random pages section"jlri228jlri2282013-11-18 04:39:34+00:002013-11-18 04:39:34updated153ahakimahakim2013-11-18 04:29:20+00:002013-11-18 04:29:20updated152bhinton1bhinton12013-11-16 02:22:16+00:002013-11-16 02:22:16updated151bhinton1bhinton12013-11-16 02:21:46+00:002013-11-16 02:21:46updated150naa92naa922013-11-15 16:56:42+00:002013-11-15 16:56:42updated149corrected the spelling of neighbor in the "other random pages section" and fixed the title to match the current format jlri228jlri2282013-11-15 03:05:48+00:002013-11-15 03:05:48updated148put the "other random pages" section in alaphabetical order jlri228jlri2282013-11-15 03:01:22+00:002013-11-15 03:01:22updated147rearragned the wiki pages so that they remained in alaphabetical order jlri228jlri2282013-11-15 02:57:51+00:002013-11-15 02:57:51updated146linked in wiki page o 23 and me instead of company website.philogeaphilogea2013-11-13 21:19:01+00:002013-11-13 21:19:01updated145linked discussion page to discussion announcementphilogeaphilogea2013-11-13 21:15:08+00:002013-11-13 21:15:08updated144abutchabutch2013-11-12 19:29:10+00:002013-11-12 19:29:10updated143ahakimahakim2013-11-11 03:48:17+00:002013-11-11 03:48:17updated14223andMe info added.duggan91duggan912013-11-10 22:20:38+00:002013-11-10 22:20:38updated141formatpjung24pjung242013-11-07 19:07:58+00:002013-11-07 19:07:58updated140cryssongcryssong2013-11-07 16:26:53+00:002013-11-07 16:26:53updated139bhinton1bhinton12013-11-06 21:33:32+00:002013-11-06 21:33:32updated138bhinton1bhinton12013-11-06 21:33:03+00:002013-11-06 21:33:03updated137bhinton1bhinton12013-11-06 21:30:58+00:002013-11-06 21:30:58updated136tbrownetbrowne2013-11-06 02:36:46+00:002013-11-06 02:36:46updated135added link to barefoot running pagebellamyjbellamyj2013-11-05 16:44:12+00:002013-11-05 16:44:12updated134smithasmitha2013-11-05 16:02:50+00:002013-11-05 16:02:50updated133edwards9edwards92013-11-04 03:53:03+00:002013-11-04 03:53:03updated132bhinton1bhinton12013-11-01 20:44:24+00:002013-11-01 20:44:24updated131bhinton1bhinton12013-11-01 20:43:29+00:002013-11-01 20:43:29updated130dottie94dottie942013-10-30 14:36:41+00:002013-10-30 14:36:41updated129lgcarterlgcarter2013-10-28 17:42:35+00:002013-10-28 17:42:35updated128edwards9edwards92013-10-28 03:00:50+00:002013-10-28 03:00:50updated127edwards9edwards92013-10-28 02:55:04+00:002013-10-28 02:55:04updated126edwards9edwards92013-10-28 02:49:02+00:002013-10-28 02:49:02updated125edwards9edwards92013-10-28 02:43:10+00:002013-10-28 02:43:10updated124jlri228jlri2282013-10-27 23:00:38+00:002013-10-27 23:00:38updated123edit 4: kept the overall alphabetical order theme for this page jlri228jlri2282013-10-27 22:59:45+00:002013-10-27 22:59:45updated122bhinton1bhinton12013-10-25 19:36:16+00:002013-10-25 19:36:16updated121added linkddphanddphan2013-10-24 15:05:22+00:002013-10-24 15:05:22updated120jlri228jlri2282013-10-21 02:47:11+00:002013-10-21 02:47:11updated119added general discussion page to the "wiki pages" home page jlri228jlri2282013-10-21 02:45:22+00:002013-10-21 02:45:22updated118edit 5: kept pages in alphabetical order... frameshift before gene flowjlri228jlri2282013-10-21 01:31:42+00:002013-10-21 01:31:42updated117allie633allie6332013-10-20 21:27:10+00:002013-10-20 21:27:10updated116achenachen2013-10-20 06:18:02+00:002013-10-20 06:18:02updated115Changed formating on each of the list headingswtownewtowne2013-10-20 04:46:35+00:002013-10-20 04:46:35updated114deerandeeran2013-10-20 04:36:20+00:002013-10-20 04:36:20updated113bhinton1bhinton12013-10-19 23:15:35+00:002013-10-19 23:15:35updated112ddphanddphan2013-10-19 19:25:15+00:002013-10-19 19:25:15updated111Added Linkddphanddphan2013-10-17 14:52:47+00:002013-10-17 14:52:47updated110edit 2: put "other random pages" section in alphabetical order jlri228jlri2282013-10-13 18:37:21+00:002013-10-13 18:37:21updated109jlri228jlri2282013-10-13 18:32:34+00:002013-10-13 18:32:34updated108first edit: put new pages in alphabetical orderjlri228jlri2282013-10-13 18:27:45+00:002013-10-13 18:27:45updated107bhinton1bhinton12013-10-13 15:41:09+00:002013-10-13 15:41:09updated106fgkatzfgkatz2013-10-10 19:43:54+00:002013-10-10 19:43:54updated105fgkatzfgkatz2013-10-10 19:43:14+00:002013-10-10 19:43:14updated104pjung24pjung242013-10-10 16:30:35+00:002013-10-10 16:30:35updated103pgriff10pgriff102013-10-10 15:27:48+00:002013-10-10 15:27:48updated102Added Linksddphanddphan2013-10-10 15:18:28+00:002013-10-10 15:18:28updated101pjung24pjung242013-10-09 21:35:17+00:002013-10-09 21:35:17updated100cryssongcryssong2013-10-09 18:36:27+00:002013-10-09 18:36:27updated99added linksddphanddphan2013-10-08 15:22:26+00:002013-10-08 15:22:26updated98Moved chi-square test to appropriate categorytrostelstrostels2013-10-06 19:29:28+00:002013-10-06 19:29:28updated97put "the bounty: founder effect example" in alphabetical orderjlri228jlri2282013-10-06 03:11:31+00:002013-10-06 03:11:31updated96ddphanddphan2013-10-05 16:35:27+00:002013-10-05 16:35:27updated95pjung24pjung242013-10-03 16:44:39+00:002013-10-03 16:44:39updated94Added Linkddphanddphan2013-10-03 15:15:29+00:002013-10-03 15:15:29updated93pjung24pjung242013-10-02 23:29:01+00:002013-10-02 23:29:01updated92formatting changesjlri228jlri2282013-09-30 01:12:07+00:002013-09-30 01:12:07updated91For my second post i added the newly created page to the Wiki pages section jlri228jlri2282013-09-30 01:01:23+00:002013-09-30 01:01:23updated90bhinton1bhinton12013-09-29 02:25:22+00:002013-09-29 02:25:22updated89bhinton1bhinton12013-09-29 02:20:01+00:002013-09-29 02:20:01updated88fgkatzfgkatz2013-09-27 15:34:25+00:002013-09-27 15:34:25updated87alphebetized the listtrostelstrostels2013-09-26 23:38:31+00:002013-09-26 23:38:31updated86delete unnecessary linkskjanekjane2013-09-26 21:57:19+00:002013-09-26 21:57:19updated85kjanekjane2013-09-26 21:43:56+00:002013-09-26 21:43:56updated84kjanekjane2013-09-26 21:39:39+00:002013-09-26 21:39:39updated83moved epistasis linkkjanekjane2013-09-26 21:39:11+00:002013-09-26 21:39:11updated82Made a link to the new Inbreeding pageagdeleoagdeleo2013-09-26 17:02:55+00:002013-09-26 17:02:55updated81Deleted the link to "Important Faces" page since the page no longer existsagdeleoagdeleo2013-09-26 16:40:25+00:002013-09-26 16:40:25updated80kdsouza9kdsouza92013-09-24 16:03:26+00:002013-09-24 16:03:26updated79Added Pagesddphanddphan2013-09-24 15:39:13+00:002013-09-24 15:39:13updated78added stickleback evolution page linkkdsouza9kdsouza92013-09-24 15:37:18+00:002013-09-24 15:37:18updated77glynchglynch2013-09-23 03:00:01+00:002013-09-23 03:00:01updated76glynchglynch2013-09-23 02:59:20+00:002013-09-23 02:59:20updated75glynchglynch2013-09-23 02:56:12+00:002013-09-23 02:56:12updated74jlri228jlri2282013-09-22 22:38:02+00:002013-09-22 22:38:02updated73moved heritability section into correct alphabetical ordering jlri228jlri2282013-09-22 22:37:46+00:002013-09-22 22:37:46updated72adwomackadwomack2013-09-22 02:45:05+00:002013-09-22 02:45:05updated71bhinton1bhinton12013-09-22 02:23:18+00:002013-09-22 02:23:18updated70bhinton1bhinton12013-09-22 02:19:02+00:002013-09-22 02:19:02updated69delete duplicate page linkkjanekjane2013-09-20 19:12:57+00:002013-09-20 19:12:57updated68fgkatzfgkatz2013-09-20 15:46:17+00:002013-09-20 15:46:17updated67baek92baek922013-09-19 20:50:17+00:002013-09-19 20:50:17updated66pjung24pjung242013-09-19 16:49:00+00:002013-09-19 16:49:00updated65katmoor4katmoor42013-09-19 12:06:40+00:002013-09-19 12:06:40updated64adwomackadwomack2013-09-19 02:11:23+00:002013-09-19 02:11:23updated63Added better description of linkjnunez26jnunez262013-09-18 23:39:06+00:002013-09-18 23:39:06updated62jnunez26jnunez262013-09-18 23:36:31+00:002013-09-18 23:36:31updated61jnunez26jnunez262013-09-18 23:09:07+00:002013-09-18 23:09:07updated60added a linkginasanginasan2013-09-18 05:06:15+00:002013-09-18 05:06:15updated59added linkginasanginasan2013-09-18 02:49:03+00:002013-09-18 02:49:03updated58Added pagesddphanddphan2013-09-17 15:11:29+00:002013-09-17 15:11:29updated57added a linkginasanginasan2013-09-17 03:56:06+00:002013-09-17 03:56:06updated56ginasanginasan2013-09-15 18:14:39+00:002013-09-15 18:14:39updated55added a linkginasanginasan2013-09-15 16:54:07+00:002013-09-15 16:54:07updated54dmdauerdmdauer2013-09-15 15:04:59+00:002013-09-15 15:04:59updated53added linkginasanginasan2013-09-14 22:06:05+00:002013-09-14 22:06:05updated52bjenk07bjenk072013-09-14 01:50:26+00:002013-09-14 01:50:26updated51naa92naa922013-09-14 01:12:59+00:002013-09-14 01:12:59updated50Added Linksddphanddphan2013-09-12 15:18:40+00:002013-09-12 15:18:40updated49Added linksddphanddphan2013-09-10 15:12:39+00:002013-09-10 15:12:39updated48fgkatzfgkatz2013-09-09 16:49:54+00:002013-09-09 16:49:54updated47najjar22najjar222013-09-09 13:30:38+00:002013-09-09 13:30:38updated46Linked newly created page on epigenetics to wiki pages master page jlri228jlri2282013-09-09 03:51:39+00:002013-09-09 03:51:39updated45added 'Evolutionary Response' page linktrostelstrostels2013-09-09 01:48:26+00:002013-09-09 01:48:26updated44bhinton1bhinton12013-09-08 22:30:51+00:002013-09-08 22:30:51updated43bhinton1bhinton12013-09-08 22:30:03+00:002013-09-08 22:30:03updated42added another linkginasanginasan2013-09-08 16:15:37+00:002013-09-08 16:15:37updated41added 3 linksginasanginasan2013-09-08 16:11:26+00:002013-09-08 16:11:26updated40achenachen2013-09-06 21:27:24+00:002013-09-06 21:27:24updated39Relinked genetic drift pagepjung24pjung242013-09-06 20:34:45+00:002013-09-06 20:34:45updated38baek92baek922013-09-05 21:11:55+00:002013-09-05 21:11:55updated37allie633allie6332013-09-05 18:27:14+00:002013-09-05 18:27:14updated36allie633allie6332013-09-05 18:24:22+00:002013-09-05 18:24:22updated35allie633allie6332013-09-05 18:23:28+00:002013-09-05 18:23:28updated34allie633allie6332013-09-05 18:11:00+00:002013-09-05 18:11:00updated33allie633allie6332013-09-05 18:04:41+00:002013-09-05 18:04:41updated32allie633allie6332013-09-05 17:55:19+00:002013-09-05 17:55:19updated31allie633allie6332013-09-05 17:53:18+00:002013-09-05 17:53:18updated30allie633allie6332013-09-05 17:47:46+00:002013-09-05 17:47:46updated29organizationddphanddphan2013-09-05 15:30:50+00:002013-09-05 15:30:50updated28Added tag - hotddphanddphan2013-09-05 15:30:47+00:002013-09-05 15:30:47addTag27ddphanddphan2013-09-05 15:25:55+00:002013-09-05 15:25:55updated26adding links to new pagescharleebcharleeb2013-09-05 15:05:14+00:002013-09-05 15:05:14updated25fgkatzfgkatz2013-09-04 17:20:39+00:002013-09-04 17:20:39updated24fgkatzfgkatz2013-09-04 17:19:05+00:002013-09-04 17:19:05updated23fgkatzfgkatz2013-09-04 17:18:11+00:002013-09-04 17:18:11updated22fgkatzfgkatz2013-09-04 17:17:27+00:002013-09-04 17:17:27updated21fgkatzfgkatz2013-09-04 17:16:40+00:002013-09-04 17:16:40updated20bhinton1bhinton12013-09-04 00:43:13+00:002013-09-04 00:43:13updated19daileycodaileyco2013-09-02 22:39:29+00:002013-09-02 22:39:29updated18added links and rearrangedginasanginasan2013-09-02 01:25:38+00:002013-09-02 01:25:38updated17added linkginasanginasan2013-09-02 01:17:36+00:002013-09-02 01:17:36updated16robertprobertp2013-09-01 19:22:15+00:002013-09-01 19:22:15updated15deerandeeran2013-08-31 20:03:41+00:002013-08-31 20:03:41updated14mia2016mia20162013-08-29 19:01:48+00:002013-08-29 19:01:48updated13fgkatzfgkatz2013-08-29 19:01:00+00:002013-08-29 19:01:00updated12fgkatzfgkatz2013-08-29 19:00:00+00:002013-08-29 19:00:00updated11fgkatzfgkatz2013-08-29 18:59:10+00:002013-08-29 18:59:10updated10fgkatzfgkatz2013-08-29 18:57:47+00:002013-08-29 18:57:47updated9fgkatzfgkatz2013-08-29 18:35:32+00:002013-08-29 18:35:32updated8fgkatzfgkatz2013-08-29 18:34:35+00:002013-08-29 18:34:35updated7lgcarterlgcarter2013-08-29 16:08:07+00:002013-08-29 16:08:07updated6Created Pageddphanddphan2013-08-28 01:50:51+00:002013-08-28 01:50:51updated5Added tag - wikiddphanddphan2013-08-28 01:44:43+00:002013-08-28 01:44:43addTag4Added tag - sand boxddphanddphan2013-08-28 01:44:41+00:002013-08-28 01:44:41addTag3Added tag - discussionddphanddphan2013-08-28 01:44:38+00:002013-08-28 01:44:38addTag2First createdddphanddphan2013-08-28 01:43:31+00:002013-08-28 01:43:31created1wiki2013-12-10T01:58:20+00:00groups/evol3000/wiki/54e13FalseWiki Pages/groups/evol3000/wiki/54e13/Wiki_Pages.htmlliishii159 updatesWiki Pages PLEASE READ: Commenting on the wiki pages do not count as participation credit on the wiki. The directions in the syllabus are clear on what does...Falseliishii2013-12-10T01:58:20+00:00added an exampleduggan91duggan912013-11-25 22:18:09+00:002013-11-25 22:18:09updated92souyang1souyang12013-11-25 05:00:00+00:002013-11-25 05:00:00updated91ashleyjwashleyjw2013-11-25 04:17:05+00:002013-11-25 04:17:05updated90mpattmpatt2013-11-25 04:10:42+00:002013-11-25 04:10:42updated89tabedintabedin2013-11-24 23:37:00+00:002013-11-24 23:37:00updated88edit 5: added video to "infecting a host section"jlri228jlri2282013-11-24 22:07:33+00:002013-11-24 22:07:33updated87edit4: made formatting changes and added a video on viral reassortment jlri228jlri2282013-11-24 22:04:13+00:002013-11-24 22:04:13updated86added articlekkogantikkoganti2013-11-24 17:45:38+00:002013-11-24 17:45:38updated85samponssampons2013-11-24 03:53:13+00:002013-11-24 03:53:13updated84deerandeeran2013-11-23 23:02:22+00:002013-11-23 23:02:22updated83tvashitvashi2013-11-23 04:25:36+00:002013-11-23 04:25:36updated82kde04kde042013-11-22 22:40:46+00:002013-11-22 22:40:46updated81kde04kde042013-11-22 22:39:59+00:002013-11-22 22:39:59updated80eyang13eyang132013-11-22 18:03:27+00:002013-11-22 18:03:27updated79eyang13eyang132013-11-22 18:03:11+00:002013-11-22 18:03:11updated78pjung24pjung242013-11-22 17:43:52+00:002013-11-22 17:43:52updated77pjung24pjung242013-11-22 17:38:38+00:002013-11-22 17:38:38updated76gloriaszgloriasz2013-11-22 17:37:21+00:002013-11-22 17:37:21updated75gloriaszgloriasz2013-11-22 17:36:24+00:002013-11-22 17:36:24updated74sydneyb9sydneyb92013-11-21 22:23:02+00:002013-11-21 22:23:02updated73re320re3202013-11-21 19:25:53+00:002013-11-21 19:25:53updated72bpcroftbpcroft2013-11-21 16:58:19+00:002013-11-21 16:58:19updated71bpcroftbpcroft2013-11-21 16:56:30+00:002013-11-21 16:56:30updated70tcard4tcard42013-11-21 15:20:30+00:002013-11-21 15:20:30updated69editing and improingbscurrybscurry2013-11-21 05:35:49+00:002013-11-21 05:35:49updated68kristy7kristy72013-11-21 01:02:26+00:002013-11-21 01:02:26updated67kncox14kncox142013-11-20 20:07:04+00:002013-11-20 20:07:04updated66kncox14kncox142013-11-20 20:05:26+00:002013-11-20 20:05:26updated65kncox14kncox142013-11-20 20:03:10+00:002013-11-20 20:03:10updated64kncox14kncox142013-11-20 19:59:28+00:002013-11-20 19:59:28updated63dmdauerdmdauer2013-11-20 19:58:35+00:002013-11-20 19:58:35updated62added an example of co-evolutionksuf615ksuf6152013-11-20 16:01:14+00:002013-11-20 16:01:14updated61formattingksuf615ksuf6152013-11-20 16:00:32+00:002013-11-20 16:00:32updated60added type of transmissionksuf615ksuf6152013-11-20 16:00:11+00:002013-11-20 16:00:11updated59tbrownetbrowne2013-11-20 03:28:19+00:002013-11-20 03:28:19updated58Nicole Hill- transmission picturenhill19nhill192013-11-19 00:59:47+00:002013-11-19 00:59:47updated57Nicole Hill- viral evolutionnhill19nhill192013-11-19 00:57:38+00:002013-11-19 00:57:38updated56bjenk07bjenk072013-11-18 22:35:01+00:002013-11-18 22:35:01updated55kevinmkkevinmk2013-11-18 22:33:41+00:002013-11-18 22:33:41updated54kevinmkkevinmk2013-11-18 22:26:49+00:002013-11-18 22:26:49updated53kevinmkkevinmk2013-11-18 22:24:06+00:002013-11-18 22:24:06updated52edited paragraph haliejhaliej2013-11-18 15:42:45+00:002013-11-18 15:42:45updated51edited and elongated sentencehaliejhaliej2013-11-18 15:41:32+00:002013-11-18 15:41:32updated50added crucial details on the trade off hypothesis. Took out wrong information. Corrected it.huangdevhuangdev2013-11-18 05:38:51+00:002013-11-18 05:38:51updated49samponssampons2013-11-18 05:31:41+00:002013-11-18 05:31:41updated48bpcroftbpcroft2013-11-18 04:58:03+00:002013-11-18 04:58:03updated47zaki007zaki0072013-11-18 04:55:37+00:002013-11-18 04:55:37updated46ebythekkebythekk2013-11-18 04:16:14+00:002013-11-18 04:16:14updated45jlri228jlri2282013-11-18 04:05:35+00:002013-11-18 04:05:35updated44edit10: more page formatting... moved "types of transmission section"jlri228jlri2282013-11-18 04:05:03+00:002013-11-18 04:05:03updated43kdsouza9kdsouza92013-11-18 04:04:49+00:002013-11-18 04:04:49updated42edit 9: added headers, outlined in blue, rearranged the page in a logical order... reworded some of the content jlri228jlri2282013-11-18 04:01:07+00:002013-11-18 04:01:07updated41ginasanginasan2013-11-18 03:37:17+00:002013-11-18 03:37:17updated40mayabasumayabasu2013-11-18 03:31:22+00:002013-11-18 03:31:22updated39melissa4melissa42013-11-18 03:22:12+00:002013-11-18 03:22:12updated38added extra info about self-containing diseasesbscurrybscurry2013-11-18 03:18:20+00:002013-11-18 03:18:20updated37jsafkojsafko2013-11-18 03:08:38+00:002013-11-18 03:08:38updated36abarton6abarton62013-11-18 01:42:16+00:002013-11-18 01:42:16updated35alomasalomas2013-11-17 23:38:56+00:002013-11-17 23:38:56updated34Contentrbaskin1rbaskin12013-11-17 21:08:09+00:002013-11-17 21:08:09updated33rbaskin1rbaskin12013-11-17 21:07:24+00:002013-11-17 21:07:24updated32Added tag - virulencedmdauerdmdauer2013-11-17 21:06:34+00:002013-11-17 21:06:34addTag31Removed tag - evolutiondmdauerdmdauer2013-11-17 21:06:24+00:002013-11-17 21:06:24removeTag30Added tag - virus evolutiondmdauerdmdauer2013-11-17 21:06:22+00:002013-11-17 21:06:22addTag29dmdauerdmdauer2013-11-17 20:19:02+00:002013-11-17 20:19:02updated28rachel08rachel082013-11-17 18:47:54+00:002013-11-17 18:47:54updated27added a diagramduggan91duggan912013-11-17 14:25:10+00:002013-11-17 14:25:10updated26added cycles of virusduggan91duggan912013-11-17 14:19:13+00:002013-11-17 14:19:13updated25pjung24pjung242013-11-16 20:16:54+00:002013-11-16 20:16:54updated24pjung24pjung242013-11-16 20:15:54+00:002013-11-16 20:15:54updated23pjung24pjung242013-11-16 20:15:13+00:002013-11-16 20:15:13updated22gloriaszgloriasz2013-11-16 14:44:03+00:002013-11-16 14:44:03updated21gloriaszgloriasz2013-11-16 14:43:29+00:002013-11-16 14:43:29updated20gloriaszgloriasz2013-11-16 04:25:39+00:002013-11-16 04:25:39updated19edit3: added the Videos, articles and diagrams hedding... also linked in and explaind two yuotube videosjlri228jlri2282013-11-15 04:16:12+00:002013-11-15 04:16:12updated18kristy7kristy72013-11-14 23:34:04+00:002013-11-14 23:34:04updated17eliminated unnecessary bullet pointddphanddphan2013-11-14 21:28:35+00:002013-11-14 21:28:35updated16Added tag - hotabutchabutch2013-11-14 21:26:06+00:002013-11-14 21:26:06addTag15Added tag - evolutionabutchabutch2013-11-14 21:25:36+00:002013-11-14 21:25:36addTag14abutchabutch2013-11-14 21:01:55+00:002013-11-14 21:01:55updated13abutchabutch2013-11-14 20:58:35+00:002013-11-14 20:58:35updated12abutchabutch2013-11-14 20:47:44+00:002013-11-14 20:47:44updated11alomasalomas2013-11-13 18:34:01+00:002013-11-13 18:34:01updated10mia2016mia20162013-11-13 17:50:07+00:002013-11-13 17:50:07updated9Nicole Hill- hiv viral evolutionnhill19nhill192013-11-13 15:57:54+00:002013-11-13 15:57:54updated8Added an additional point of how growth rate corresponds to virulence within the point on More Virulent Pathogensagdeleoagdeleo2013-11-13 14:45:57+00:002013-11-13 14:45:57updated7kdv11kdv112013-11-13 13:42:02+00:002013-11-13 13:42:02updated6reemap26reemap262013-11-13 00:56:38+00:002013-11-13 00:56:38updated5khall12khall122013-11-13 00:15:24+00:002013-11-13 00:15:24updated4tvashitvashi2013-11-12 22:29:16+00:002013-11-12 22:29:16updated3abutchabutch2013-11-12 19:28:35+00:002013-11-12 19:28:35updated2First createdabutchabutch2013-11-12 19:18:06+00:002013-11-12 19:18:06created1wiki2013-11-25T22:18:09+00:00groups/evol3000/wiki/fbefaFalseViral Evolution/groups/evol3000/wiki/fbefa/Viral_Evolution.htmlduggan9192 updatesViral Evolution Origins of Viruses/ Viral Transmission Virus Origins: There is a lot of debate on this topic, but scientists have developed a few prop...Falseduggan912013-11-25T22:18:09+00:00mayabasumayabasu2013-11-25 03:26:27+00:002013-11-25 03:26:27updated224dmdauerdmdauer2013-11-25 01:08:29+00:002013-11-25 01:08:29updated223added a linkralbrechralbrech2013-11-25 00:06:17+00:002013-11-25 00:06:17updated222enanovenanov2013-11-18 04:30:22+00:002013-11-18 04:30:22updated221kdsouza9kdsouza92013-11-18 04:01:48+00:002013-11-18 04:01:48updated220article about sexual selectiongagirl11bgagirl11b2013-11-18 03:45:26+00:002013-11-18 03:45:26updated219fixed my own typokkogantikkoganti2013-11-18 02:46:23+00:002013-11-18 02:46:23updated218added article on sperm cooperationkkogantikkoganti2013-11-18 02:42:47+00:002013-11-18 02:42:47updated217nikra91nikra912013-11-18 02:39:04+00:002013-11-18 02:39:04updated216added article on sperm cooperationkkogantikkoganti2013-11-18 02:37:49+00:002013-11-18 02:37:49updated215deerandeeran2013-11-18 02:26:46+00:002013-11-18 02:26:46updated214talathitalathi2013-11-18 00:21:32+00:002013-11-18 00:21:32updated213rachel08rachel082013-11-17 18:29:28+00:002013-11-17 18:29:28updated212deerandeeran2013-11-17 04:00:15+00:002013-11-17 04:00:15updated211formattingjlri228jlri2282013-11-15 04:03:58+00:002013-11-15 04:03:58updated210haislerkhaislerk2013-11-14 22:12:35+00:002013-11-14 22:12:35updated209bevinbbevinb2013-11-13 18:55:52+00:002013-11-13 18:55:52updated208added description to the video somebody posted on sexual selection in human dating scenegregbgregb2013-11-11 05:47:02+00:002013-11-11 05:47:02updated207added info to 2duggan91duggan912013-11-11 05:02:26+00:002013-11-11 05:02:26updated206mayabasumayabasu2013-11-11 04:25:58+00:002013-11-11 04:25:58updated205achenachen2013-11-11 02:01:42+00:002013-11-11 02:01:42updated204ashleyjwashleyjw2013-11-11 00:54:06+00:002013-11-11 00:54:06updated203jsafkojsafko2013-11-11 00:13:19+00:002013-11-11 00:13:19updated202khall12khall122013-11-10 00:31:41+00:002013-11-10 00:31:41updated201corrected a typo physical ---> psycologicaladwomackadwomack2013-11-10 00:02:21+00:002013-11-10 00:02:21updated200added to human sexual selection on the psychological parts of sexual selectionedawg16edawg162013-11-09 23:18:24+00:002013-11-09 23:18:24updated199gloriaszgloriasz2013-11-09 14:19:55+00:002013-11-09 14:19:55updated198gloriaszgloriasz2013-11-09 14:19:03+00:002013-11-09 14:19:03updated197gloriaszgloriasz2013-11-07 19:10:16+00:002013-11-07 19:10:16updated196gloriaszgloriasz2013-11-07 19:09:38+00:002013-11-07 19:09:38updated195tvashitvashi2013-11-07 16:00:27+00:002013-11-07 16:00:27updated194mendyhmendyh2013-11-06 17:44:49+00:002013-11-06 17:44:49updated193added nuptual giftsbennywbennyw2013-11-06 03:47:43+00:002013-11-06 03:47:43updated192organization, deleted redundant titleddphanddphan2013-11-05 16:30:14+00:002013-11-05 16:30:14updated191edwards9edwards92013-11-04 04:19:18+00:002013-11-04 04:19:18updated190amanqua3amanqua32013-11-04 03:25:29+00:002013-11-04 03:25:29updated189samponssampons2013-11-04 03:22:57+00:002013-11-04 03:22:57updated188amanqua3amanqua32013-11-04 03:21:23+00:002013-11-04 03:21:23updated187grammarjsafkojsafko2013-11-04 02:48:38+00:002013-11-04 02:48:38updated186added a link about recent evolution has caused women to prefer the Beta males over the Alpha malescolby22colby222013-11-04 02:09:42+00:002013-11-04 02:09:42updated185kde04kde042013-10-31 10:40:40+00:002013-10-31 10:40:40updated184alhill9alhill92013-10-31 06:55:28+00:002013-10-31 06:55:28updated183kncox14kncox142013-10-31 03:32:47+00:002013-10-31 03:32:47updated182manuelabmanuelab2013-10-30 23:39:37+00:002013-10-30 23:39:37updated181bjenk07bjenk072013-10-30 21:48:03+00:002013-10-30 21:48:03updated180bjenk07bjenk072013-10-30 21:41:53+00:002013-10-30 21:41:53updated179bjenk07bjenk072013-10-30 21:38:17+00:002013-10-30 21:38:17updated178kevinmkkevinmk2013-10-30 21:35:56+00:002013-10-30 21:35:56updated177kevinmkkevinmk2013-10-30 21:32:56+00:002013-10-30 21:32:56updated176kevinmkkevinmk2013-10-30 21:32:44+00:002013-10-30 21:32:44updated175mbailey1mbailey12013-10-29 23:36:45+00:002013-10-29 23:36:45updated174mbailey1mbailey12013-10-29 23:29:04+00:002013-10-29 23:29:04updated173sydneyb9sydneyb92013-10-29 22:38:04+00:002013-10-29 22:38:04updated172Nicole Hill- Sexual selection/conflictnhill19nhill192013-10-29 16:07:17+00:002013-10-29 16:07:17updated171tbrownetbrowne2013-10-28 22:49:29+00:002013-10-28 22:49:29updated170tbrownetbrowne2013-10-28 22:47:07+00:002013-10-28 22:47:07updated169tbrownetbrowne2013-10-28 22:42:24+00:002013-10-28 22:42:24updated168tbrownetbrowne2013-10-28 22:38:54+00:002013-10-28 22:38:54updated167tbrownetbrowne2013-10-28 22:38:14+00:002013-10-28 22:38:14updated166tbrownetbrowne2013-10-28 22:37:21+00:002013-10-28 22:37:21updated165charleebcharleeb2013-10-28 18:35:46+00:002013-10-28 18:35:46updated164tgetztgetz2013-10-28 03:29:40+00:002013-10-28 03:29:40updated163tgetztgetz2013-10-28 03:27:34+00:002013-10-28 03:27:34updated162ebythekkebythekk2013-10-28 03:20:30+00:002013-10-28 03:20:30updated161achenachen2013-10-28 02:28:29+00:002013-10-28 02:28:29updated160kkogantikkoganti2013-10-28 01:51:33+00:002013-10-28 01:51:33updated159Edited section about "why is sex bad" and added explanation of two fold costjkabacijkabaci2013-10-27 23:27:29+00:002013-10-27 23:27:29updated158dmdauerdmdauer2013-10-27 23:04:00+00:002013-10-27 23:04:00updated157edit 3: added an outline for the handout jlri228jlri2282013-10-27 22:49:18+00:002013-10-27 22:49:18updated156edit 2: added handout and paragraph about sexual conflict in guppies jlri228jlri2282013-10-27 22:45:59+00:002013-10-27 22:45:59updated155edit 1: removed mislabeled content and kept formatting the same by making a title bluejlri228jlri2282013-10-27 22:16:04+00:002013-10-27 22:16:04updated154abarton6abarton62013-10-27 21:56:19+00:002013-10-27 21:56:19updated153tchishomtchishom2013-10-27 21:46:05+00:002013-10-27 21:46:05updated152rachel08rachel082013-10-27 21:23:35+00:002013-10-27 21:23:35updated151rachel08rachel082013-10-27 21:21:16+00:002013-10-27 21:21:16updated150jsafkojsafko2013-10-27 21:18:23+00:002013-10-27 21:18:23updated149wording of def for human sex selectionjnunez26jnunez262013-10-27 20:53:20+00:002013-10-27 20:53:20updated148dottie94dottie942013-10-27 17:24:40+00:002013-10-27 17:24:40updated147alhill9alhill92013-10-27 14:22:03+00:002013-10-27 14:22:03updated146shree7shree72013-10-26 21:47:37+00:002013-10-26 21:47:37updated145shree7shree72013-10-26 21:38:58+00:002013-10-26 21:38:58updated144chersh93chersh932013-10-26 17:52:15+00:002013-10-26 17:52:15updated143Added tag - hotpjung24pjung242013-10-26 17:49:06+00:002013-10-26 17:49:06addTag142Removed tag - hotpjung24pjung242013-10-26 17:49:04+00:002013-10-26 17:49:04removeTag141pjung24pjung242013-10-26 04:10:18+00:002013-10-26 04:10:18updated140pjung24pjung242013-10-26 04:07:44+00:002013-10-26 04:07:44updated139tvashitvashi2013-10-26 00:37:32+00:002013-10-26 00:37:32updated138kehoekkehoek2013-10-25 19:46:19+00:002013-10-25 19:46:19updated137kristy7kristy72013-10-25 18:49:50+00:002013-10-25 18:49:50updated136grammarspenc90spenc902013-10-25 16:22:38+00:002013-10-25 16:22:38updated135tcard4tcard42013-10-25 01:52:43+00:002013-10-25 01:52:43updated134pgriff10pgriff102013-10-25 01:14:54+00:002013-10-25 01:14:54updated133gloriaszgloriasz2013-10-25 00:41:16+00:002013-10-25 00:41:16updated132achenachen2013-10-24 21:40:38+00:002013-10-24 21:40:38updated131mia2016mia20162013-10-24 20:28:56+00:002013-10-24 20:28:56updated130ekeatingekeating2013-10-24 19:38:28+00:002013-10-24 19:38:28updated129xjwork17xjwork172013-10-24 15:00:00+00:002013-10-24 15:00:00updated128nkamnkam2013-10-23 15:20:45+00:002013-10-23 15:20:45updated127added a link about sexual seleciton and human sexual selectiongagirl11bgagirl11b2013-10-23 14:19:17+00:002013-10-23 14:19:17updated126tcard4tcard42013-10-22 17:19:41+00:002013-10-22 17:19:41updated125rtalleyrtalley2013-10-22 15:26:58+00:002013-10-22 15:26:58updated124rtalleyrtalley2013-10-22 15:25:32+00:002013-10-22 15:25:32updated123haislerkhaislerk2013-10-22 15:15:20+00:002013-10-22 15:15:20updated122haislerkhaislerk2013-10-22 15:14:49+00:002013-10-22 15:14:49updated121haislerkhaislerk2013-10-22 15:12:14+00:002013-10-22 15:12:14updated120haislerkhaislerk2013-10-22 15:09:22+00:002013-10-22 15:09:22updated119mbelyakombelyako2013-10-21 23:34:18+00:002013-10-21 23:34:18updated118Nicole Hill-Sexual section imagenhill19nhill192013-10-21 21:24:41+00:002013-10-21 21:24:41updated117ashleydgashleydg2013-10-21 03:25:30+00:002013-10-21 03:25:30updated116ashleydgashleydg2013-10-21 03:10:58+00:002013-10-21 03:10:58updated115ashleydgashleydg2013-10-21 03:10:24+00:002013-10-21 03:10:24updated114edited articlejsafkojsafko2013-10-21 02:54:30+00:002013-10-21 02:54:30updated113zaki007zaki0072013-10-21 02:11:44+00:002013-10-21 02:11:44updated112edit 5: added clarifying remarks to paragraphjlri228jlri2282013-10-21 01:21:06+00:002013-10-21 01:21:06updated111Edit4:added section on Darkling Beetles jlri228jlri2282013-10-21 01:19:21+00:002013-10-21 01:19:21updated110edit 3:having issues getting the edits to save... maybe someone is undoing them? But I reorder and color coded the pagejlri228jlri2282013-10-21 00:53:54+00:002013-10-21 00:53:54updated109edit 2: changes to page layout and reordered the sections of page... jlri228jlri2282013-10-21 00:51:06+00:002013-10-21 00:51:06updated108proofreadingbscurrybscurry2013-10-21 00:51:06+00:002013-10-21 00:51:06updated107edit 1: major organizational changes to title, flow and order of contentjlri228jlri2282013-10-21 00:43:28+00:002013-10-21 00:43:28updated106mayabasumayabasu2013-10-21 00:38:36+00:002013-10-21 00:38:36updated105Added article about human sexual selectionjkabacijkabaci2013-10-20 23:49:22+00:002013-10-20 23:49:22updated104jkabacijkabaci2013-10-20 23:48:55+00:002013-10-20 23:48:55updated103tgetztgetz2013-10-20 23:21:16+00:002013-10-20 23:21:16updated102typo, article additionkkogantikkoganti2013-10-20 22:10:46+00:002013-10-20 22:10:46updated101rachel08rachel082013-10-20 21:37:20+00:002013-10-20 21:37:20updated100rachel08rachel082013-10-20 21:36:35+00:002013-10-20 21:36:35updated99added budding hydra photohaliejhaliej2013-10-18 18:18:38+00:002013-10-18 18:18:38updated98rewording and grammarhaliejhaliej2013-10-18 18:16:37+00:002013-10-18 18:16:37updated97chersh93chersh932013-10-18 16:19:29+00:002013-10-18 16:19:29updated96gloriaszgloriasz2013-10-18 13:16:41+00:002013-10-18 13:16:41updated95gloriaszgloriasz2013-10-18 13:15:17+00:002013-10-18 13:15:17updated94gloriaszgloriasz2013-10-18 13:15:03+00:002013-10-18 13:15:03updated93tcard4tcard42013-10-18 02:58:18+00:002013-10-18 02:58:18updated92tbrownetbrowne2013-10-17 20:33:56+00:002013-10-17 20:33:56updated91eyang13eyang132013-10-17 01:26:09+00:002013-10-17 01:26:09updated90abutchabutch2013-10-16 21:34:28+00:002013-10-16 21:34:28updated89najjar22najjar222013-10-16 19:24:58+00:002013-10-16 19:24:58updated88mendyhmendyh2013-10-15 01:29:57+00:002013-10-15 01:29:57updated87henkhenk2013-10-14 19:09:35+00:002013-10-14 19:09:35updated86Nicole Hill- Sexual Selection nhill19nhill192013-10-14 15:52:29+00:002013-10-14 15:52:29updated85karlin14karlin142013-10-14 15:33:23+00:002013-10-14 15:33:23updated84add video of praying mantisduggan91duggan912013-10-14 14:42:34+00:002013-10-14 14:42:34updated83tbrownetbrowne2013-10-14 04:53:36+00:002013-10-14 04:53:36updated82I took out bullet points in two sections and made them into paragraphswtownewtowne2013-10-14 03:50:38+00:002013-10-14 03:50:38updated81jnunez26jnunez262013-10-14 03:47:53+00:002013-10-14 03:47:53updated80added explanation of behavioral intersexual selectionjnunez26jnunez262013-10-14 03:42:14+00:002013-10-14 03:42:14updated79enanovenanov2013-10-14 03:34:16+00:002013-10-14 03:34:16updated78glynchglynch2013-10-14 03:08:05+00:002013-10-14 03:08:05updated77mreutermreuter2013-10-13 15:20:02+00:002013-10-13 15:20:02updated76tabedintabedin2013-10-13 01:33:19+00:002013-10-13 01:33:19updated75gloriaszgloriasz2013-10-12 13:06:48+00:002013-10-12 13:06:48updated74gloriaszgloriasz2013-10-12 13:06:23+00:002013-10-12 13:06:23updated73sydneyb9sydneyb92013-10-10 20:12:10+00:002013-10-10 20:12:10updated72reemap26reemap262013-10-10 20:11:30+00:002013-10-10 20:11:30updated71sydneyb9sydneyb92013-10-10 20:11:17+00:002013-10-10 20:11:17updated70eyang13eyang132013-10-10 14:46:22+00:002013-10-10 14:46:22updated69tcard4tcard42013-10-09 17:55:08+00:002013-10-09 17:55:08updated68leeshahkimLeeshah Kim2013-10-09 12:32:11+00:002013-10-09 12:32:11updated67leeshahkimLeeshah Kim2013-10-09 12:30:49+00:002013-10-09 12:30:49updated66achenachen2013-10-09 04:20:44+00:002013-10-09 04:20:44updated65kristy7kristy72013-10-09 00:27:36+00:002013-10-09 00:27:36updated64kristy7kristy72013-10-09 00:26:41+00:002013-10-09 00:26:41updated63ahakimahakim2013-10-07 03:40:11+00:002013-10-07 03:40:11updated62abarton6abarton62013-10-07 02:19:58+00:002013-10-07 02:19:58updated61edwards9edwards92013-10-07 02:16:24+00:002013-10-07 02:16:24updated60Sexual Coercion linkbennywbennyw2013-10-07 01:04:26+00:002013-10-07 01:04:26updated59Added link and formatting for Traumatic Inseminationbennywbennyw2013-10-07 01:02:54+00:002013-10-07 01:02:54updated58Grammatical errors under selective selection and added bullets to intrasexual selection instead of dashes to match selective selection layout.jnunez26jnunez262013-10-07 00:57:35+00:002013-10-07 00:57:35updated57nikra91nikra912013-10-06 23:55:35+00:002013-10-06 23:55:35updated56Rearranged and made small word revisionslauren91lauren912013-10-06 23:50:04+00:002013-10-06 23:50:04updated55kde04kde042013-10-06 19:44:05+00:002013-10-06 19:44:05updated54xjwork17xjwork172013-10-06 18:49:35+00:002013-10-06 18:49:35updated53Added the link at the bottom describing sexual selection in ducksmanikmanik2013-10-06 18:03:03+00:002013-10-06 18:03:03updated52mbelyakombelyako2013-10-06 01:56:41+00:002013-10-06 01:56:41updated51tvashitvashi2013-10-05 15:04:51+00:002013-10-05 15:04:51updated50samponssampons2013-10-05 06:10:31+00:002013-10-05 06:10:31updated49shree7shree72013-10-04 20:55:34+00:002013-10-04 20:55:34updated48kehoekkehoek2013-10-04 20:51:04+00:002013-10-04 20:51:04updated47ybonillaybonilla2013-10-04 19:52:22+00:002013-10-04 19:52:22updated46gloriaszgloriasz2013-10-04 15:45:14+00:002013-10-04 15:45:14updated45gloriaszgloriasz2013-10-04 15:40:30+00:002013-10-04 15:40:30updated44Organizationddphanddphan2013-10-03 15:13:06+00:002013-10-03 15:13:06updated43Added tag - hotachenachen2013-10-03 15:13:03+00:002013-10-03 15:13:03addTag42achenachen2013-10-02 20:33:06+00:002013-10-02 20:33:06updated41melissa4melissa42013-09-28 07:23:36+00:002013-09-28 07:23:36updated40Added tag - sexual selectionahakimahakim2013-09-26 21:00:24+00:002013-09-26 21:00:24addTag39Removed tag - intersexualahakimahakim2013-09-26 21:00:10+00:002013-09-26 21:00:10removeTag38Added tag - lek matingahakimahakim2013-09-26 20:58:29+00:002013-09-26 20:58:29addTag37Added tag - mating systemsahakimahakim2013-09-26 20:58:15+00:002013-09-26 20:58:15addTag36Added tag - sexual conflictahakimahakim2013-09-26 20:58:03+00:002013-09-26 20:58:03addTag35Added tag - intersexualahakimahakim2013-09-26 20:57:46+00:002013-09-26 20:57:46addTag34Added tag - reproductionahakimahakim2013-09-26 20:57:35+00:002013-09-26 20:57:35addTag33ahakimahakim2013-09-26 20:54:12+00:002013-09-26 20:54:12updated32Added new section on Leksmbelyakombelyako2013-09-26 01:28:39+00:002013-09-26 01:28:39updated31kevinmkkevinmk2013-09-23 13:10:19+00:002013-09-23 13:10:19updated30ebythekkebythekk2013-09-23 00:40:08+00:002013-09-23 00:40:08updated29csharmacsharma2013-09-19 20:26:51+00:002013-09-19 20:26:51updated28mbelyakombelyako2013-09-19 17:21:52+00:002013-09-19 17:21:52updated27mbelyakombelyako2013-09-19 17:18:57+00:002013-09-19 17:18:57updated26Added a new section: reproductive strategiesmbelyakombelyako2013-09-19 17:18:40+00:002013-09-19 17:18:40updated25Added more information on the benefits of asexual reproduction and sexual reproductionmbelyakombelyako2013-09-19 17:11:36+00:002013-09-19 17:11:36updated24ekeatingekeating2013-09-17 20:04:20+00:002013-09-17 20:04:20updated23Added tag - selectionearly312early3122013-09-17 15:05:43+00:002013-09-17 15:05:43addTag22early312early3122013-09-16 16:25:50+00:002013-09-16 16:25:50updated21henkhenk2013-09-16 14:56:31+00:002013-09-16 14:56:31updated20kdv11kdv112013-09-16 12:56:55+00:002013-09-16 12:56:55updated19dragonfly example addedduggan91duggan912013-09-16 05:26:47+00:002013-09-16 05:26:47updated18skanman3skanman32013-09-15 21:27:08+00:002013-09-15 21:27:08updated17rwstrongrwstrong2013-09-15 21:07:40+00:002013-09-15 21:07:40updated16smarte18smarte182013-09-15 21:05:21+00:002013-09-15 21:05:21updated15smarte18smarte182013-09-15 20:55:26+00:002013-09-15 20:55:26updated14corrected spelling and formatted pagejlri228jlri2282013-09-15 20:45:08+00:002013-09-15 20:45:08updated13jlri228jlri2282013-09-15 20:43:20+00:002013-09-15 20:43:20updated12For my second post for the week, I outlined a few types of sexual conflict and embedded youtube videos to explain the corresponding types of sexual conflict jlri228jlri2282013-09-15 20:41:56+00:002013-09-15 20:41:56updated11jlri228jlri2282013-09-15 20:25:03+00:002013-09-15 20:25:03updated10added links to outside sources to further explain sexual conflict jlri228jlri2282013-09-15 20:24:31+00:002013-09-15 20:24:31updated9added a paragraph on sexual conflictjlri228jlri2282013-09-15 20:21:03+00:002013-09-15 20:21:03updated8Added a few words in sexual reproduction to make sense pkyungpkyung2013-09-15 03:53:42+00:002013-09-15 03:53:42updated7Introduced topic of comparing sexual to asexual selectionmbelyakombelyako2013-09-15 03:30:30+00:002013-09-15 03:30:30updated6asian108asian1082013-09-14 03:29:23+00:002013-09-14 03:29:23updated5kevinmkkevinmk2013-09-14 02:04:59+00:002013-09-14 02:04:59updated4bjenk07bjenk072013-09-14 02:02:49+00:002013-09-14 02:02:49updated3naa92naa922013-09-14 01:17:00+00:002013-09-14 01:17:00updated2First creatednaa92naa922013-09-14 01:12:48+00:002013-09-14 01:12:48created1wiki2013-11-25T03:26:27+00:00groups/evol3000/wiki/543e6FalseSexual Selection/Conflict/groups/evol3000/wiki/543e6/Sexual_SelectionConflict.htmlmayabasu224 updatesSexual Selection/Conflict Sexual selection is a mode of selection that operates on an organism's ability to obtain a mate. Sexual selection allows some individuals to out com...Falsemayabasu2013-11-25T03:26:27+00:00Repairing bad index entrymayabasumayabasu2015-01-22 13:55:44+00:002015-01-22 13:55:44updated144Repairing bad index entrymayabasumayabasu2015-01-22 13:28:23+00:002015-01-22 13:28:23updated143mayabasumayabasu2013-11-25 03:23:57+00:002013-11-25 03:23:57updated142Linked "slot limits"rbaskin1rbaskin12013-11-25 03:19:05+00:002013-11-25 03:19:05updated141grammar/syntax and a linkrbaskin1rbaskin12013-11-25 03:16:06+00:002013-11-25 03:16:06updated140Linked hip displacia in caninesrbaskin1rbaskin12013-11-25 03:12:24+00:002013-11-25 03:12:24updated139Added tag - domesticated animalsrachel08rachel082013-11-25 03:09:53+00:002013-11-25 03:09:53addTag138rachel08rachel082013-11-25 02:56:50+00:002013-11-25 02:56:50updated137rachel08rachel082013-11-25 02:53:13+00:002013-11-25 02:53:13updated136eyang13eyang132013-11-22 18:06:03+00:002013-11-22 18:06:03updated135xjwork17xjwork172013-11-21 23:51:06+00:002013-11-21 23:51:06updated134sydneyb9sydneyb92013-11-21 22:26:31+00:002013-11-21 22:26:31updated133improving contentbscurrybscurry2013-11-21 05:40:28+00:002013-11-21 05:40:28updated132xjwork17xjwork172013-11-14 22:08:51+00:002013-11-14 22:08:51updated131tbrownetbrowne2013-11-14 17:23:39+00:002013-11-14 17:23:39updated130dmwilsondmwilson2013-11-14 17:17:14+00:002013-11-14 17:17:14updated129tcard4tcard42013-11-14 03:18:52+00:002013-11-14 03:18:52updated128bjenk07bjenk072013-11-14 02:14:57+00:002013-11-14 02:14:57updated127dmwilsondmwilson2013-11-13 18:53:43+00:002013-11-13 18:53:43updated126tvashitvashi2013-11-13 16:12:56+00:002013-11-13 16:12:56updated125added a pictureksuf615ksuf6152013-11-12 16:14:10+00:002013-11-12 16:14:10updated124lgcarterlgcarter2013-11-12 15:44:28+00:002013-11-12 15:44:28updated123mbrdgmnmbrdgmn2013-11-10 23:25:59+00:002013-11-10 23:25:59updated122xjwork17xjwork172013-11-10 22:40:45+00:002013-11-10 22:40:45updated121samponssampons2013-11-10 22:36:35+00:002013-11-10 22:36:35updated120rachel08rachel082013-11-10 22:32:31+00:002013-11-10 22:32:31updated119re320re3202013-11-10 01:52:26+00:002013-11-10 01:52:26updated118edawg16edawg162013-11-09 23:21:00+00:002013-11-09 23:21:00updated117changed format of text to make information easier to read and interpretedawg16edawg162013-11-09 23:20:27+00:002013-11-09 23:20:27updated116deerandeeran2013-11-09 03:52:40+00:002013-11-09 03:52:40updated115improved wordingbscurrybscurry2013-11-07 23:32:57+00:002013-11-07 23:32:57updated114achenachen2013-11-04 15:54:03+00:002013-11-04 15:54:03updated113ashleyjwashleyjw2013-11-04 04:24:53+00:002013-11-04 04:24:53updated112abarton6abarton62013-11-04 00:00:40+00:002013-11-04 00:00:40updated111alomasalomas2013-11-03 23:41:15+00:002013-11-03 23:41:15updated110kdsouza9kdsouza92013-11-03 23:35:06+00:002013-11-03 23:35:06updated109tvashitvashi2013-11-03 19:17:24+00:002013-11-03 19:17:24updated108achenachen2013-11-01 22:23:27+00:002013-11-01 22:23:27updated107gloriaszgloriasz2013-11-01 02:12:10+00:002013-11-01 02:12:10updated106liishiiliishii2013-11-01 02:02:40+00:002013-11-01 02:02:40updated105liishiiliishii2013-11-01 02:02:37+00:002013-11-01 02:02:37updated104naa92naa922013-10-31 16:46:04+00:002013-10-31 16:46:04updated103mpattmpatt2013-10-31 15:29:45+00:002013-10-31 15:29:45updated102ybonillaybonilla2013-10-31 13:38:40+00:002013-10-31 13:38:40updated101ybonillaybonilla2013-10-31 13:37:04+00:002013-10-31 13:37:04updated100kde04kde042013-10-31 10:45:54+00:002013-10-31 10:45:54updated99kde04kde042013-10-31 10:43:23+00:002013-10-31 10:43:23updated98tabedintabedin2013-10-27 21:51:03+00:002013-10-27 21:51:03updated97dmdauerdmdauer2013-10-21 03:01:21+00:002013-10-21 03:01:21updated96grammarjsafkojsafko2013-10-21 02:58:41+00:002013-10-21 02:58:41updated95edwards9edwards92013-10-21 02:01:36+00:002013-10-21 02:01:36updated94kehoekkehoek2013-10-11 23:24:21+00:002013-10-11 23:24:21updated93casef10casef102013-10-11 22:44:37+00:002013-10-11 22:44:37updated92leeshahkimLeeshah Kim2013-10-11 14:54:41+00:002013-10-11 14:54:41updated91gloriaszgloriasz2013-10-11 14:49:27+00:002013-10-11 14:49:27updated90gloriaszgloriasz2013-10-11 14:47:01+00:002013-10-11 14:47:01updated89added information on farm animals sectionmbelyakombelyako2013-10-10 18:18:28+00:002013-10-10 18:18:28updated88Organization of headersddphanddphan2013-10-10 15:12:14+00:002013-10-10 15:12:14updated87formattingmia2016mia20162013-10-09 17:26:10+00:002013-10-09 17:26:10updated86snoccersnoccer2013-10-09 14:23:28+00:002013-10-09 14:23:28updated85writer44writer442013-10-09 02:43:09+00:002013-10-09 02:43:09updated84cslidecslide2013-10-07 03:06:22+00:002013-10-07 03:06:22updated83nkamnkam2013-10-02 17:35:04+00:002013-10-02 17:35:04updated82nkamnkam2013-10-02 17:34:02+00:002013-10-02 17:34:02updated81nkamnkam2013-10-02 17:32:47+00:002013-10-02 17:32:47updated80made some formatting changesmia2016mia20162013-10-01 20:57:32+00:002013-10-01 20:57:32updated79lcaplanlcaplan2013-10-01 02:54:04+00:002013-10-01 02:54:04updated78kevinmkkevinmk2013-09-30 21:51:42+00:002013-09-30 21:51:42updated77bjenk07bjenk072013-09-30 21:51:19+00:002013-09-30 21:51:19updated76bjenk07bjenk072013-09-30 21:50:08+00:002013-09-30 21:50:08updated75bjenk07bjenk072013-09-30 21:37:01+00:002013-09-30 21:37:01updated74dogs ccranccran2013-09-30 06:47:11+00:002013-09-30 06:47:11updated73added under food sectionginasanginasan2013-09-30 02:49:36+00:002013-09-30 02:49:36updated72cslidecslide2013-09-30 02:04:52+00:002013-09-30 02:04:52updated71grammatical changes jlri228jlri2282013-09-30 01:23:25+00:002013-09-30 01:23:25updated70ybonillaybonilla2013-09-29 23:27:17+00:002013-09-29 23:27:17updated69ybonillaybonilla2013-09-29 23:26:30+00:002013-09-29 23:26:30updated68ybonillaybonilla2013-09-29 23:24:52+00:002013-09-29 23:24:52updated67added info about killer beesbscurrybscurry2013-09-29 19:26:11+00:002013-09-29 19:26:11updated66fgkatzfgkatz2013-09-29 15:09:03+00:002013-09-29 15:09:03updated65kkogantikkoganti2013-09-29 02:17:35+00:002013-09-29 02:17:35updated64shree7shree72013-09-28 22:59:28+00:002013-09-28 22:59:28updated63alomasalomas2013-09-28 01:16:23+00:002013-09-28 01:16:23updated62gloriaszgloriasz2013-09-27 12:14:14+00:002013-09-27 12:14:14updated61added cat photo and bit about hypoallergenic and hairless specieshaliejhaliej2013-09-27 03:32:40+00:002013-09-27 03:32:40updated60edited/ cut/ rephrased *** section about dog inbreedinghaliejhaliej2013-09-27 03:20:10+00:002013-09-27 03:20:10updated59kristy7kristy72013-09-26 23:36:25+00:002013-09-26 23:36:25updated58gloriaszgloriasz2013-09-26 20:51:22+00:002013-09-26 20:51:22updated57rtalleyrtalley2013-09-26 15:57:14+00:002013-09-26 15:57:14updated56Added Examples from classddphanddphan2013-09-26 15:13:29+00:002013-09-26 15:13:29updated55added to dog sectiontcard4tcard42013-09-26 00:44:23+00:002013-09-26 00:44:23updated54achenachen2013-09-26 00:34:28+00:002013-09-26 00:34:28updated53reorganized a little bitlauren91lauren912013-09-24 17:23:33+00:002013-09-24 17:23:33updated52bpcroftbpcroft2013-09-24 13:28:11+00:002013-09-24 13:28:11updated51rwstrongrwstrong2013-09-24 03:19:39+00:002013-09-24 03:19:39updated50rwstrongrwstrong2013-09-24 03:02:24+00:002013-09-24 03:02:24updated49achenachen2013-09-23 22:11:53+00:002013-09-23 22:11:53updated48leeshahkimLeeshah Kim2013-09-23 22:08:58+00:002013-09-23 22:08:58updated47talathitalathi2013-09-23 20:51:07+00:002013-09-23 20:51:07updated46added detail to breeders equationduggan91duggan912013-09-23 15:00:22+00:002013-09-23 15:00:22updated45added link to bbc documentary on selective breeding in dogs jlri228jlri2282013-09-22 23:37:20+00:002013-09-22 23:37:20updated44sgamachesgamache2013-09-22 15:29:06+00:002013-09-22 15:29:06updated43grammarspenc90spenc902013-09-22 15:19:21+00:002013-09-22 15:19:21updated42sgamachesgamache2013-09-22 15:16:21+00:002013-09-22 15:16:21updated41kkogantikkoganti2013-09-22 03:35:05+00:002013-09-22 03:35:05updated40kkogantikkoganti2013-09-22 03:34:06+00:002013-09-22 03:34:06updated39Clarified that before genes were known about farmers still knew that some beneficial traits would be passed on to offspring. Saying that farmers intentionally bred cattle for traits but "unintentially utilized heretiablity" doesn't make senseadwomackadwomack2013-09-22 02:51:33+00:002013-09-22 02:51:33updated38general polishing and added additional informationbscurrybscurry2013-09-22 00:59:56+00:002013-09-22 00:59:56updated37asian108asian1082013-09-21 01:40:14+00:002013-09-21 01:40:14updated36kehoekkehoek2013-09-20 20:49:41+00:002013-09-20 20:49:41updated35added article link about Uga and description from the NY timeshaliejhaliej2013-09-20 20:09:00+00:002013-09-20 20:09:00updated34added bulldog transformation imagehaliejhaliej2013-09-20 20:05:10+00:002013-09-20 20:05:10updated33shaque3shaque32013-09-20 16:31:33+00:002013-09-20 16:31:33updated32alomasalomas2013-09-20 16:04:50+00:002013-09-20 16:04:50updated31henkhenk2013-09-20 14:43:48+00:002013-09-20 14:43:48updated30edited disease heterogeneity, added fox domestication studylauren91lauren912013-09-20 03:32:15+00:002013-09-20 03:32:15updated29kristy7kristy72013-09-20 02:44:56+00:002013-09-20 02:44:56updated28bevinbbevinb2013-09-20 01:15:42+00:002013-09-20 01:15:42updated27gloriaszgloriasz2013-09-20 00:34:06+00:002013-09-20 00:34:06updated26Added to FOODccranccran2013-09-19 21:08:37+00:002013-09-19 21:08:37updated25csharmacsharma2013-09-19 20:28:52+00:002013-09-19 20:28:52updated24added examplespjung24pjung242013-09-19 17:04:39+00:002013-09-19 17:04:39updated23bpcroftbpcroft2013-09-19 15:27:36+00:002013-09-19 15:27:36updated22karlin14karlin142013-09-19 15:16:14+00:002013-09-19 15:16:14updated21karlin14karlin142013-09-19 15:15:06+00:002013-09-19 15:15:06updated20Added Breeder's equationddphanddphan2013-09-19 15:07:05+00:002013-09-19 15:07:05updated19karlin14karlin142013-09-19 15:06:11+00:002013-09-19 15:06:11updated18kncox14kncox142013-09-19 14:23:30+00:002013-09-19 14:23:30updated17eyang13eyang132013-09-19 14:07:15+00:002013-09-19 14:07:15updated16eyang13eyang132013-09-19 13:59:54+00:002013-09-19 13:59:54updated15cass16cass162013-09-18 15:15:30+00:002013-09-18 15:15:30updated14mayabasumayabasu2013-09-18 14:59:37+00:002013-09-18 14:59:37updated13mendyhmendyh2013-09-18 14:33:25+00:002013-09-18 14:33:25updated12added bulldog stuff and fun fact about dog phenotypeslauren91lauren912013-09-18 03:10:55+00:002013-09-18 03:10:55updated11ekeatingekeating2013-09-17 20:00:37+00:002013-09-17 20:00:37updated10added a factmia2016mia20162013-09-17 19:30:50+00:002013-09-17 19:30:50updated9mia2016mia20162013-09-17 19:28:11+00:002013-09-17 19:28:11updated8artificial selection in dogsmattbossmattboss2013-09-17 15:12:03+00:002013-09-17 15:12:03updated7Added tag - selectionddphanddphan2013-09-17 15:06:02+00:002013-09-17 15:06:02addTag6Created Pageddphanddphan2013-09-17 15:02:53+00:002013-09-17 15:02:53updated5Added tag - artificial selectionddphanddphan2013-09-17 14:55:15+00:002013-09-17 14:55:15addTag4Added tag - selective breedingddphanddphan2013-09-17 14:55:09+00:002013-09-17 14:55:09addTag3Added tag - hotddphanddphan2013-09-17 14:55:04+00:002013-09-17 14:55:04addTag2First createdddphanddphan2013-09-17 14:55:00+00:002013-09-17 14:55:00created1wiki2013-11-25T03:23:57+00:00groups/evol3000/wiki/ce8b9FalseSelective Breeding or Artificial Selection/groups/evol3000/wiki/ce8b9/Selective_Breeding_or_Artificial_Selection.htmlmayabasu144 updatesSelective Breeding or Artificial Selection Artificial Selection is a form of selection in which humans actively choose which traits should be passed onto offspring. Humans have used selec...Falsemayabasu2013-11-25T03:23:57+00:00edit 9: formatting to the page... " articles, videos and diagrams section .. also added video about richard dawkinsjlri228jlri2282013-11-24 22:30:49+00:002013-11-24 22:30:49updated27added articlekkogantikkoganti2013-11-24 18:41:25+00:002013-11-24 18:41:25updated26grammarjsafkojsafko2013-10-27 21:18:58+00:002013-10-27 21:18:58updated25jnguyen1jnguyen12013-10-26 04:24:43+00:002013-10-26 04:24:43updated24jnguyen1jnguyen12013-10-26 04:23:32+00:002013-10-26 04:23:32updated23kehoekkehoek2013-10-25 19:56:42+00:002013-10-25 19:56:42updated22achenachen2013-10-24 21:34:03+00:002013-10-24 21:34:03updated21rewording and grammarhaliejhaliej2013-10-24 19:17:33+00:002013-10-24 19:17:33updated20grammar to parasite manipulate paragraphhaliejhaliej2013-10-24 19:16:59+00:002013-10-24 19:16:59updated19kristy7kristy72013-10-24 03:11:46+00:002013-10-24 03:11:46updated18Removed tag - phenotypeksuf615ksuf6152013-10-23 17:57:20+00:002013-10-23 17:57:20removeTag17Added tag - richard dawkinsksuf615ksuf6152013-10-23 17:57:09+00:002013-10-23 17:57:09addTag16Removed tag - dawkinsksuf615ksuf6152013-10-23 17:57:01+00:002013-10-23 17:57:01removeTag15added tags to pageksuf615ksuf6152013-10-22 15:20:17+00:002013-10-22 15:20:17updated14Added tag - dawkinsddphanddphan2013-10-22 15:20:06+00:002013-10-22 15:20:06addTag13Added tag - extended phenotypeddphanddphan2013-10-22 15:19:52+00:002013-10-22 15:19:52addTag12Organizationddphanddphan2013-10-22 15:04:17+00:002013-10-22 15:04:17updated11mayabasumayabasu2013-10-21 00:37:10+00:002013-10-21 00:37:10updated10typos, elaborationkkogantikkoganti2013-10-20 21:11:02+00:002013-10-20 21:11:02updated9added the 2nd and 3rd examples of EP described by Dawkinsjnunez26jnunez262013-10-20 18:20:05+00:002013-10-20 18:20:05updated8minor adjustments to 1st example of EPjnunez26jnunez262013-10-20 18:00:57+00:002013-10-20 18:00:57updated7added a pic of Dawkin's book and 1st example of EP that he describesjnunez26jnunez262013-10-20 17:55:12+00:002013-10-20 17:55:12updated6alomasalomas2013-10-20 14:19:09+00:002013-10-20 14:19:09updated5Created Pageddphanddphan2013-10-19 19:29:00+00:002013-10-19 19:29:00updated4Added tag - hotddphanddphan2013-10-19 19:28:59+00:002013-10-19 19:28:59addTag3Added tag - phenotypeddphanddphan2013-10-19 19:28:58+00:002013-10-19 19:28:58addTag2First createdddphanddphan2013-10-19 19:23:37+00:002013-10-19 19:23:37created1wiki2013-11-24T22:30:49+00:00groups/evol3000/wiki/94a1aFalseExtended Phenotype/groups/evol3000/wiki/94a1a/Extended_Phenotype.htmljlri22827 updatesExtended Phenotype An extended phenotype includes all of the traits that an organism has that can influence its fitness; the extended phenotype can include structures t...Falsejlri2282013-11-24T22:30:49+00:00hot/groups/evol3000/search/index.rss?sort=modifiedDate&kind=all&sortDirection=reverse&excludePages=wiki/welcomelist/groups/evol3000/search/?sort=modifiedDate&kind=all&sortDirection=reverse&excludePages=wiki/welcomeRecent ChangesRecentChangesListUpdates?sort=modifiedDate&kind=all&sortDirection=reverse&excludePages=wiki/welcome0/groups/evol3000/sidebar/RecentChangesListmodifiedDateallRecent ChangesRecentChangesListUpdateswiki/welcomeNo recent changes.reverse5searchlist/groups/evol3000/calendar/Upcoming EventsUpcomingEventsListEvents1Getting events…